Tennessee Ernie Ford

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Tennessee Ernie Ford
Birth nameErnest Jennings Ford
Born(1919-02-13)February 13, 1919
Bristol, Tennessee
DiedOctober 17, 1991(1991-10-17) (aged 72)
Reston, Virginia
Occupation(s) Singer, actor
Instruments Vocals, Guitar, violin
Associated acts Eddy Arnold, Dean Martin, Glen Campbell

Ernest Jennings Ford (February 13, 1919 – October 17, 1991), known professionally as Tennessee Ernie Ford, was an American recording artist and television host who enjoyed success in the country and Western, pop, and gospel musical genres. Noted for his rich bass-baritone voice and down-home humor, he is remembered for his hit recordings of "The Shotgun Boogie" and "Sixteen Tons".

Country music, also known as country and western, and hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as folk music and blues.

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s. The terms "popular music" and "pop music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many diverse styles. "Pop" and "rock" were roughly synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they became increasingly differentiated from each other.

Gospel music is a genre of Christian music. The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of gospel music varies according to culture and social context. Gospel music is composed and performed for many purposes, including aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, and as an entertainment product for the marketplace. Gospel music usually has dominant vocals with Christian lyrics. Gospel music can be traced to the early 17th century, with roots in the black oral tradition. Hymns and sacred songs were often repeated in a call and response fashion. Most of the churches relied on hand clapping and foot stomping as rhythmic accompaniment. Most of the singing was done a cappella. The first published use of the term "gospel song" probably appeared in 1874. The original gospel songs were written and composed by authors such as George F. Root, Philip Bliss, Charles H. Gabriel, William Howard Doane, and Fanny Crosby. Gospel music publishing houses emerged. The advent of radio in the 1920s greatly increased the audience for gospel music. Following World War II, gospel music moved into major auditoriums, and gospel music concerts became quite elaborate.



Early years

Ford was born in Bristol, Tennessee, to Maud (née Long) and Clarence Thomas Ford. The 1940 census shows that he had an older brother named Stanley H. Ford.

Bristol, Tennessee City in Tennessee, United States

Bristol is a city in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 26,702 at the 2010 census. It is the twin city of Bristol, Virginia, which lies directly across the state line between Tennessee and Virginia. The boundary between the two cities is also the state line, which runs along State Street in their common downtown district. Bristol is a principal city of the Kingsport−Bristol−Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City−Kingsport−Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area − commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

Ford began his radio career as an announcer at WOPI-AM in Bristol. In 1939, the young bass-baritone left the station to study classical singing at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music in Ohio. A First Lieutenant, he served in the United States Army Air Corps in World War II as the bombardier on a B-29 Superfortress flying missions over Japan. He was also a bombing instructor at George Air Force Base, in Victorville, California. [1]


WOPI is a Sports formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Bristol, Virginia, serving Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee. WOPI is owned and operated by Glenwood Communications Corporation, though subsidiary Holston Valley Broadcasting Corporation.

A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice. The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Wagner labelled these roles as Hoher Bass —see fach for more details.

The Cincinnati Conservatory of Music was a conservatory, part of a girls' finishing school, founded in 1867 in Cincinnati, Ohio. It merged with the College of Music of Cincinnati in 1955, forming the Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, which is now part of the University of Cincinnati.

After the war, Ford worked at radio stations in San Bernardino and Pasadena, California. At KFXM, in San Bernardino, Ford was hired as a radio announcer. He was assigned to host an early morning country music disc jockey program, Bar Nothin' Ranch Time. To differentiate himself, he created the personality of "Tennessee Ernie", a wild, madcap, exaggerated hillbilly. He became popular in the area and was soon hired away by Pasadena's KXLA radio. He also did musical tours. The Mayfield Brothers of West Texas, including Smokey Mayfield, Thomas Edd Mayfield, and Herbert Mayfield, were among Ford's warmup bands, having played for him in concerts in Amarillo and Lubbock, during the late 1940s.[ citation needed ]

San Bernardino, California City in California, United States

San Bernardino is a city located in the Riverside–San Bernardino metropolitan area and that serves as the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. As one of the Inland Empire's anchor cities, San Bernardino spans 81 square miles (210 km2) on the floor of the San Bernardino Valley and as of 2017 has a population of 216,995. San Bernardino is the 17th-largest city in California and the 102nd-largest city in the United States. San Bernardino is home to numerous diplomatic missions for the Inland Empire, being one of four cities in California with numerous consulates. The governments of Guatemala and Mexico have also established their consulates in the downtown area of the city.

Pasadena, California City in California, United States

Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.

West Texas Region in Texas, United States

West Texas is a loosely defined part of the U.S. state of Texas, generally encompassing the arid and semiarid lands west of a line drawn between the cities of Wichita Falls, Abilene, and Del Rio.

Ford's appearance as "Cousin Ernie" in three episodes of I Love Lucy made him a household name. Lucille Ball Tennessee Ernie Ford I Love Lucy.jpg
Ford's appearance as "Cousin Ernie" in three episodes of I Love Lucy made him a household name.

At KXLA, Ford continued doing the same show and also joined the cast of Cliffie Stone's popular live KXLA country show Dinner Bell Roundup as a vocalist while still doing the early morning broadcast. Cliffie Stone, a part-time talent scout for Capitol Records, brought him to the attention of the label. In 1949, while still doing his morning show, he signed a contract with Capitol. He became a local TV star as the star of Stone's popular Southern California Hometown Jamboree show. RadiOzark produced 260 15-minute episodes of The Tennessee Ernie Show on transcription disks for national radio syndication. [2]

Clifford Gilpin Snyder, professionally Cliffie Stone, was an American country singer, musician, record producer, music publisher, and radio and TV personality who was pivotal in the development of California’s thriving country music scene after World War II during a career that lasted six decades. He was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1989.

Capitol Records American record label

Capitol Records, Inc. is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint. It was founded as the first West Coast-based record label in the United States in 1942 by Johnny Mercer, Buddy DeSylva, and Glenn E. Wallichs. Capitol was acquired by British music conglomerate EMI as its North American subsidiary in 1955. EMI was acquired by Universal Music Group in 2012 and was merged with the company a year later, making Capitol and the Capitol Music Group both a part of UMG. The label's circular headquarter building in Hollywood is a recognized landmark of California.

Hometown Jamboree was an American country music radio and television show simultaneously broadcast each Saturday night by KXLA radio, Pasadena, California and KLAC-TV/KCOP and KTLA-TV, Los Angeles, California beginning in 1949. The show was hosted by Cliffie Stone and first held at the American Legion Stadium in El Monte, California, and later at the Harmony Park Ballroom in Anaheim, California. Hometown Jamboree was sponsored by the Hub Furniture store once it moved to Anaheim. The show was the springboard for many of country music's premier musicians including Tennessee Ernie Ford, Billy Strange, Zane Ashton, Speedy West, and a host of others.

He released almost 50 country singles through the early 1950s, several of which made the charts. Many of his early records, including "The Shotgun Boogie" and "Blackberry Boogie", were exciting, driving boogie-woogie records featuring accompaniment by the Hometown Jamboree band which included Jimmy Bryant on lead guitar and pioneer pedal steel guitarist Speedy West. "I'll Never Be Free", a duet pairing Ford with Capitol Records pop singer Kay Starr, [3] became a huge country and pop crossover hit in 1950. A duet with Ella Mae Morse, False Hearted Girl was a top seller for the Capitol Country and Hillbilly division, [4] and has been evaluated as an early tune. [5]

Single (music) type of music release usually containing one or two tracks

In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album.

"The Shotgun Boogie" is a 1950 song by Tennessee Ernie Ford. "The Shotgun Boogie" was Tennessee Ernie Ford's most successful release on the Country & Western charts, staying on the charts for a total of twenty-five weeks on the chart, and at number one for fourteen weeks. Ford, a hunter himself, wrote the song.

Ivy J. Bryant, Jr., known as Jimmy Bryant, was an American country music guitarist.

Ford eventually ended his KXLA morning show and in the early 1950s, moved on from Hometown Jamboree. He took over from band-leader Kay Kyser as host of the TV version of NBC quiz show College of Musical Knowledge when it returned briefly in 1954 after a four-year hiatus. [6] He became a household name in the U.S., largely as a result of his portrayal in 1954 of the 'country bumpkin', "Cousin Ernie", on three episodes of I Love Lucy . In 1955, Ford recorded "Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier" (which reached number 4 on the country music chart) with "Farewell to the Mountains" on side B.[ citation needed ]

"Sixteen Tons"

Sixteen Tons album cover Sixteen Tons.jpg
Sixteen Tons album cover

Ford scored an unexpected hit on the pop charts in 1955 with his rendering of "Sixteen Tons", a sparsely arranged coal-miner's lament, that Merle Travis first recorded in 1946 reflecting his own family's experience in the mines of Muhlenberg County, Kentucky. The song's authorship has been claimed by both Travis and George S. Davis, although Travis is recognized as the sole author on the recording itself, by BMI and in virtually all reference works. The song's fatalistic tone contrasted vividly with the sugary pop ballads and rock & roll just starting to dominate the charts at the time:

You load sixteen tons, what do you get?
Another day older and deeper in debt.
Saint Peter, don't you call me, 'cause I can't go;
I owe my soul to the company store... [7]

With Ford's snapping fingers [7] and a unique clarinet-driven pop arrangement by Ford's music director, Jack Fascinato, "Sixteen Tons" spent ten weeks at number one on the country charts and seven weeks at number one on the pop charts. The record sold over twenty million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. [8] The song made Ford a crossover star, and became his signature song.

The Ford Show

Ford subsequently hosted his own prime-time variety program, The Ford Show , which ran on NBC television from October 4, 1956, to June 29, 1961. Ford's last name allowed the show title to carry a unique double entendre by selling the naming rights to the Ford Motor Company (Ford had no known relation to the Ford family that founded that company). The Ford Theatre , an anthology series also sponsored by the company, had run in the same time slot on NBC in the preceding 1955–1956 season. Ford's program was notable for the inclusion of a religious song at the end of every show; Ford insisted on this despite objections from network officials who feared it might provoke controversy. Network officials stepped back when the hymn became the most popular segment of his show. He earned the nickname "The Ol' Pea-Picker" due to his catchphrase, "Bless your pea-pickin' heart!" He began using the term during his disc jockey days on KXLA.

Later years

In 1956 he released Hymns , his first gospel music album, which remained on Billboard's Top Album charts for 277 consecutive weeks; his album Great Gospel Songs won a Grammy Award in 1964. After the NBC show ended, Ford moved his family to Portola Valley in Northern California. He also owned a cabin near Grandjean, Idaho, on the upper South Fork of the Payette River where he would regularly retreat.

From 1962-65, Ford hosted a daytime talk/variety show, The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show (later known as Hello, Peapickers) from KGO-TV in San Francisco, broadcast over the ABC television network. In 1968, Ford narrated the Rankin/Bass Thanksgiving TV special The Mouse on the Mayflower for NBC. The mouse narrator seen at the beginning of the special, William the Churchmouse, was a caricature of Ford, in keeping with a Rankin/Bass tradition. Ford was the spokesman for the Pontiac Furniture Company in Pontiac, Illinois in the 1970s. He also became the spokesman for Martha White brand flour in 1972.

Ford left Capitol Records in 1975. By that time the quality of his country albums had become uneven and none of his releases were selling well. He would never record for a major label again.

Ford's experiences as a navigator and bombardier in World War II led to his involvement with the Confederate Air Force (now the Commemorative Air Force), a war plane preservation group in Texas. He was a featured announcer and celebrity guest at the annual CAF Airshow in Harlingen, Texas, from 1976-88. He donated a once-top-secret Norden Bombsight to the CAF's B-29 bomber restoration project. In the late 1970s, as a CAF colonel, Ford recorded the organization's theme song "Ballad of the Ghost Squadron".

Over the years, Ford was awarded three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, for radio, records, and television. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1984, and was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1990.

Out of the public eye, Ford and wife Betty contended with serious alcohol problems; Betty had had the problem since the 1950s as well as emotional issues that complicated both their lives and the lives of their sons. Though his drinking began to worsen in the 60s, he worked continuously, seemingly unaffected by his heavy intake of whiskey. By the 1970s, however, it had begun to take an increasing toll on his health, appearance and ability to sing, though his problems were not known publicly. After Betty's substance abuse-related death in 1989, Ernie's liver problems, diagnosed years earlier, became more apparent, but he refused to reduce his drinking despite repeated doctors' warnings. His last interview was taped in September 1991 by his long-time friend Dinah Shore for her TV show.

Ford received posthumous recognition for his gospel music contributions by adding him to the Gospel Music Association's Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1994.

Personal life

Ernie and Betty Ford at home in 1962 Ernie and Betty Ford at home 1962.JPG
Ernie and Betty Ford at home in 1962

Ford was married to Betty Heminger from September 18, 1942, until her death on February 26, 1989. They had two sons: Jeffrey Buckner "Buck" Ford (born January 6, 1950); and Brion Leonard Ford (born September 3, 1952, in San Gabriel, California), who died on October 24, 2008, in White House, Tennessee, of lung cancer at age 56.

Less than four months after Betty's death, Ford married again. On September 28, 1991, he suffered severe liver failure at Dulles Airport, shortly after leaving a state dinner at the White House, hosted by then President George H. W. Bush. Ford died in H. C. A. Reston Hospital Center, in Reston, Virginia, on October 17 – exactly 36 years after "Sixteen Tons" was released, and one day shy of the first anniversary of his induction into the Country Music Hall of Fame. [9] Ford was interred at Alta Mesa Memorial Park, Palo Alto, California. [10] His second wife, Beverly Wood Ford (1921–2001), died 10 years after Ernie and her body was interred with his. [11]



YearAlbumChart PositionsRIAALabel
US Country US
1956This Lusty Land12 Capitol Records
Hymns 2Platinum
Ford Favorites
Ol' Rockin' Ern
1958Nearer the Cross5Gold
The Star Carol4Platinum
1959Gather Round
Friend We Have
1960Sing a Hymn with Me23
Sixteen Tons
Sing a Spiritual with Me
Come to the Fair
1961Civil War Songs of the North
Civil War Songs of the South
Looks at Love
Hymns at Home67
1962Mississippi Showboat110
I Love to Tell the Story43
Book of Favorite Hymns71
1963Long Long Ago
We Gather Together
Story of Christmas14
1964Great Gospel Songs
Country Hits Feelin' Blue
World's Best Loved Hymns
1965Let Me Walk with Thee
Sing We Now of Christmas31
1966My Favorite Things
Wonderful Place
God Lives
Bless Your Pea Pickin' Heart
Faith of Our Fathers
1968Our Garden of Hymns(w/ Marilyn Horne)
World of Pop and Country Hits
O Come All Ye Faithful
The Best of Tennessee Ernie Ford Hymns
1969Songs I Like to Sing
New Wave
Holy Holy
1970America the Beautiful192
Everything Is Beautiful
1971Abide with Me
Folk Album
1972Mr. Words and Music
Standin' in the Need of Prayer
1973Country Morning46
Ernie Ford Sings About Jesus
1974Make A Joyful Noise35
1975 Ernie Sings & Glen Picks (w/ Glen Campbell)
1976His Great Love
For the 83rd Time
1977He Touched Me Word Records
1978Swing Wide Your Golden Gate
1979Ramblin' Down Country Roads With Tennessee Ernie Ford
1980Tell Me the Old Story
1984Keep Looking Back
2014Amazing Grace: 14 Treasured Hymns19159Gaither Music


YearSingle (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
Chart PositionsAlbum
US Country US
1949"Tennessee Border" /8Non-album track
"Milk 'Em In The Morning Blues"15Ol' Rockin' Em
"Country Junction" /14
"Philadelphia Lawyer"Sixteen Tons
"Smokey Mountain Boogie"
b/w "Country Junction"
8Ol' Rockin' Em
"Mule Train" /19Sixteen Tons
"Anticipation Blues"3Ol' Rockin' Em
1950"The Cry Of The Wild Goose"
b/w "The Donkey Serenade"
215Sixteen Tons
"My Hobby"
b/w "I've Got To Feed'em In The Morning"
Non-album tracks
"Ain't Nobody's Business But My Own" (with Kay Starr) /522
"I'll Never Be Free" (with Kay Starr)23
"What This Country Needs"
b/w "The Lord's Lariat" (from Ol' Rockin' Em)
"Cincinnati Dancing Pig"
b/w "Bright Lights and Blonde Haired Women"
Both sides with The Starlighters
"Little Juan Pedro"
b/w "Bryant's Boogie"
"The Shotgun Boogie" /114Ol' Rockin' Em
"I Ain't Gonna Let It Happen (No More)"flip
1951"Tailor Made Woman" (with Joe "Fingers" Carr) /8Non-album tracks
"Stack-O-Lee" (with Joe "Fingers" Carr)
"Ocean of Tears" (with Kay Starr) /15
"You're My Sugar" (with Kay Starr)22
"Mr. and Mississippi"
b/w "She's My Baby" (from Ol' Rockin' Em)
"The Strange Little Girl" /9
"Kentucky Waltz"flip
"Kissin' Bug Boogie"
b/w "Woman Is A Five Letter Word"
"Hey Good Lookin'"
b/w "Cool, Cool Kisses"
Both sides with Helen O'Connell
"Rock City Boogie"
b/w "Streamlined Cannonball"
Both sides with The Dinning Sisters
"Christmas Dinner"
b/w "A Rootin' Tootin' Santa Claus"
1952"Hambone" (with Bucky Tibbs)
b/w "The Gandy Dancer's Ball"
"Everybody's Got A Girl But Me"A
b/w "Put Your Arms Around Me"
"Snowshoe Thompson"
b/w "Fatback Louisiana USA"
"Blackberry Boogie"
b/w "Tennessee Local" (Non-album track)
6Ol' Rockin' Em
"Hog-Tied Over You"
b/w "False Hearted Girl"
Both sides with Ella Mae Morse
Non-album tracks
1953"I Don't Know"
b/w "Sweet Temptation"
"Hey, Mr. Cotton Picker"
b/w "Three Things (A Man Must Do)"
"Don't Start Courtin' In A Hot Rod Ford"
b/w "We're A-Growin' Up"
Both sides with Molly Bee
"Kiss Me Big" /Ol' Rockin' Em
"Catfish Boogie"flip
1954"Honeymoon's Over"
b/w "This Must Be The Place"
Both sides with Betty Hutton
16Non-album tracks
"River Of No Return"
b/w "Give Me Your Word"
9Ford Favorites
"Ein Zwei Drei"
b/w "Losing You"
Non-album tracks
"Somebody Bigger Than You Or I"
b/w "There Is Beauty In Everything"
1955"The Ballad Of Davy Crockett"
b/w "Farewell"
"His Hands"
b/w "I Am A Pilgrim"
"Sixteen Tons" /11Ford Favorites
1956"You Don't Have To Be A Baby To Cry"78
"That's All"
b/w "Bright Lights and Blonde Haired Women" (from Sixteen Tons)
"Rovin' Gambler"
b/w "John Henry"
60This Lusty Land!
"Rock and Roll Boogie"
b/w "Call Me Darling, Call Me Sweetheart" (from Ford Favorites)
Non-album track
"First Born"
b/w "Have You Seen Her"
46Ford Favorites
1957"Watermelon Song" /87
"One Suit"93
"False Hearted Girl"
b/w "Lonely Man" (from Bless Your Pea Pickin' Heart!)
This Lusty Land!
"In The Middle Of An Island" /23Non-album track
"Ivy League"Bless Your Pea Pickin' Heart!
1958"Bless Your Pea Pickin' Heart"
b/w "Down Deep"
"Sunday Barbeque"
b/w "Love Makes The World Go Round"
"Glad Rags"
b/w "Sleepin' At The Foot Of The Bed" (Non-album track)
1959"Black-Eyed Susie"
b/w "Code Of The Mountains"
I Love You So Much It Hurts Me
"Love Is The Only Thing"
b/w "Sunny Side Of Heaven"
Non-album tracks
1960"O Mary Don't You Weep"
b/w "Joshua Fit The Battle"
Sing A Spiritual With Me
"Little Klinker"
b/w "Jingle-O-The-Brownie"
Non-album tracks
"Bless This Land"
b/w "Lord Of All Creation"
1961"Dark As A Dungeon"
b/w "His Love (Makes The World Go Round)" (Non-album track)
This Lusty Land!
"Little Red Rockin' Hood"
b/w "I Gotta Have My Baby Back" (from Ernie Looks At Love)
Non-album track
1962"Take Your Girlie To The Movies"
b/w "There'll Be No New Piano Tunes On This Old Piano"
Here Comes The Tennessee Ernie Ford Mississippi Showboat
"Work Song"
b/w "Rags and Old Iron" (from I Love You So Much It Hurts Me)
Everything Is Beautiful
"How Great Thou Art"
b/w "Eternal Life" (from God Lives!)
I Love To Tell The Story
b/w "Sixteen Tons" (from Sixteen Tons)
9Non-album track
"Girl Don't You Know"
b/w "Now It's All Over" (from I Love You So Much It Hurts Me)
Non-album track
"Sing We Now Of Christmas"B
b/w "The Little Drummer Boy"
Sing We Now Of Christmas
1966"God Lives"
b/w "How Great Thou Art"
God Lives
1967"Lahaina Luna"
b/w "Pearly Shells"
Aloha From Tennessee Ernie Ford
"The Road"
b/w "Hand-Me-Down Things"
Non-album tracks
1968"Talk To The Animals"
b/w "What A Wonderful World"
World Of Pop and Country Hits
1969"Honey-Eyed Girl (That's You That's You)"
b/w "Good Morning, Dear"
54The New Wave
1970"Rainy Night In Georgia"
b/w "Let The Lovelight In Your Eyes Lead Me On"
Everything Is Beautiful
1971"Happy Songs Of Love"
b/w "Don't Let The Good Life Pass You By" (from 25th Anniversary Yesterday--Today)
58Non-album track
1972"Pea-Pickin' Cook"
b/w "The Song" (Non-album track)
It's A Ford
1973"Printers Alley Stars"
b/w "Baby"
66Country Morning
"Farther Down The River (Where The Fishin's Good)"
b/w "You've Still Got Love All Over You"
"Colorado Country Morning"C
b/w "Daddy Usta Say"
1974"Sweet Child Of Sunshine"
b/w "She Picked Up The Pieces" (Non-album track)
"I've Got Confidence"
b/w "I'd Like To Be" (from Country Morning)
Make A Joyful Noise
1975"Come On Down"
b/w "Bits and Pieces Of Life" (Non-album track)
b/w "I'd Like To Be"
Both sides with Andra Willis
63Country Morning
"The Devil Ain't A Lonely Woman's Friend"
b/w "Smokey Taverns, Bar Room Girls"
96Non-album tracks
1976"I Been To Georgia On A Fast Train"
b/w "Baby's Home" (Non-album track)
95For The 83rd Time
"Sweet Feelins"
b/w "Dogs and Sheriff John"


  1. Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits. Billboard Books. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  2. Billboard magazine, Nov. 7, 1953, pg. 3
  3. Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 2 - Play A Simple Melody: American pop music in the early 1950s [Part 2]" (audio). Pop Chronicles . University of North Texas Libraries.
  4. Billboard October 4, 1952, p. 31.
  5. Rockin Country Style @ Emory University Archived July 14, 2012, at Archive.today , rcs-discography.com; accessed January 8, 2017.
  6. New York Times, Jack Gould column, July 7, 1954, pg. 28
  7. 1 2 Tennessee Ernie Ford interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969)
  8. Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 136. ISBN   0-214-20512-6.
  9. Glenn Collins (October 18, 1991). "Tennessee Ernie Ford Dies at 72; Folksy Singer Recorded '16 Tons'". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
  10. Ernie "Tennessee Ernie" Ford at Find a Grave
  11. Beverly Wood Ford at Find a Grave

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Bobby Edwards was an American country music singer who recorded between 1959 and 1964. At the beginning of his career he performed and recorded under the name Bobby Moncrief. Then, having completed his service in the US Navy, he started recording as Bobby Edwards.

Dallas Frazier American musician

Dallas Frazier is an American country musician and songwriter who had success in the 1950s and 1960s.

Molly Bee American country music singer

Molly Bee, born Mollie Gene Beachboard, was an American country music singer famous for her 1952 recording of the early perennial "I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus" and as Pinky Lee's sidekick on The Pinky Lee Show.

Butch Baker is an American country music artist. He recorded for Mercury Records in the late 1980s, releasing multiple singles between 1984 and 1990, as well as the album We Will. His highest-peaking single, "That's What Her Memory Is For", peaked at No. 41 on the U.S. country charts in 1986.

Rock-A-Beatin Boogie song performed by Bill Haley & His Comets

Rock-A-Beatin' Boogie is a 1952 song composed by Bill Haley and first recorded by The Esquire Boys in 1952. Bill Haley and the Comets recorded the song in 1955 for Decca. The song was featured in the 1956 movie Rock Around the Clock.

Merrill Everett Moore was an American swing and boogie-woogie pianist and bandleader whose style influenced rockabilly music during the 1950s.