Tenno Sho

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The Tennō Shō (天皇賞, "Emperor's Prize") is a horse race held twice a year in Japan, once in the spring and once in the autumn. "Tenno" means "Emperor of Japan". The races are both International Grade I races. Prior to the 2007 races, both Tenno Sho races were Japanese domestic Grade I races. [1]

Contents

Spring

Tenno Sho (Spring)
Int'l Grade 1 race
Beat-black20120429(1).jpg
The 145th Tenno Sho (2012)
Location Kyoto Racecourse, Kyoto
Inaugurated1938
Race typeThoroughbred
Website japanracing.jp
Race information
Distance3200 meters
(About 16 furlongs / 2 miles)
SurfaceTurf
TrackRight-handed
Qualification4-y-o & Up, Thoroughbreds
Weight4-y-o & up 58 kg
Allowances
2 kg for fillies and mares
Purse ¥ 325,000,000 (as of 2018)
1st: ¥ 150,000,000

The Spring Tenno Sho is held at Kyoto Racecourse, in late April or early May. It is run over a distance of 3,200 metres (10,500 ft), making it the longest Grade I race in Japan.

Deep Impact won the 2006 version of the race setting the world record for a 3200 metre race with a time of 3:13.4. beating the World Record set in the 1988 Wellington Cup by Daria’s Fun, held for almost 20 years of 3:15.59, the closest time run in The Melbourne Cup is 3:16.3. [2] [3] Deep Impact's record stood until Kitasan Black won in 3:12.5 in 2017. The average time 1990-2018 of the Tenno Sho is 3:16.7, the Melbourne Cup 3:21.1, a difference of 4.4 seconds.

Winners since 1990

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
1990 Super Creek 5 Yutaka Take Syuuzi Itou Makoto Kaneko 3:21.9
1991 Mejiro McQueen 4 Yutaka Take Yasuo Ikee Mejiro Stud 3:18.8
1992 Mejiro McQueen 5 Yutaka Take Yasuo Ikee Mejiro Stud 3:20.0
1993 Rice Shower 4 Hitoshi Matoba Yoshitsugu Iizuka Hide Kurabayashi 3:17.1
1994 Biwa Hayahide 4 Yukio Okabe Mitsumasa Hamada Biwa Co Ltd 3:22.6
1995 Rice Shower 6 Hitoshi Matoba Yoshitsugu Iizuka Hide Kurabayashi 3:19.9
1996 Sakura Laurel 5 Norihiro Yokoyama Katsutarou Sakai Sakura Commerce 3:17.8
1997 Mayano Top Gun 5 Seiki Tabara Masahiro SakaguchiYuu Tadokoro3:14.4
1998 Mejiro Bright 4 Hiroshi Kawachi Hidekazu Asami Mejiro Stud 3:15.3
1999 Special Week 4 Yutaka Take Toshiaki Shirai Hiroyoshi Usuda 3:17.1
2000 T M Opera O 4 Ryuji Wada Ichizo Iwamoto Masatsugu Takezono 3:17.6
2001 T M Opera O 5 Ryuji Wada Ichizo Iwamoto Masatsugu Takezono 3:16.2
2002 Manhattan Cafe 4 Masayoshi Ebina Futoshi KojimaKen Nishikawa3:19.5
2003 Hishi Miracle 4 Koichi Tsunoda Masaru SayamaMasaichiro Abe3:17.0
2004 Ingrandire 5 Norihiro Yokoyama Yoshinami ShimizuChizu Yoshida3:18.4
2005 Suzuka Mambo 4 Katsumi Ando Mitsuru Hashida Keiji Nagai 3:16.5
2006 Deep Impact 4 Yutaka Take Yasuo Ikee Makoto Kaneko 3:13.4
2007 Meisho Samson 4 Mamoru Ishibashi Shigetada Takahashi Yoshio Matsumoto 3:14.1
2008 Admire Jupiter 5 Yasunari Iwata Yasuo TomomichiRiichi Kondo3:15.1
2009 Meiner Kitz 6 Masami Matsuoka Sakae KuniedaRuffian Thoroughbred Club3:14.4
2010 Jaguar Mail 6 Craig Williams Noriyuki HoriKen Yoshida3:15.7
2011 Hiruno d'Amour 4 Shinji Fujita Mitsugu KonHashimoto Bokujo3:20.6
2012 Beat Black 5 Syu Ishibashi Hitoshi NakamuraKoji Maeda3:13.8
2013 Fenomeno 4 Masayoshi Ebina Hirofumi TodaSunday Racing Co. Ltd.3:14.2
2014 Fenomeno 5 Masayoshi Ebina Hirofumi TodaSunday Racing Co. Ltd.3:15.1
2015 Gold Ship 6Norihiro YokoyamaNaosuke SugaiKobayashi Eiichi Holdings3:14.7
2016 Kitasan Black 4 Yutaka Take Hisashi ShimizuOno Shoji3:15.3
2017 Kitasan Black 5 Yutaka Take Hisashi ShimizuOno Shoji3:12.5
2018 Rainbow Line 5Yasunari IwataHidekazu AsamiMasahiro Mita3:16.2
2019 Fierement 4 Christophe Lemaire Takahisa TezukaSunday Racing3:15.0
2020 Fierement 5 Christophe Lemaire Takahisa TezukaSunday Racing3:16.5
2021* World Premiere 5Yuichi FukunagaYasuo TomomichiRyoichi Otsuka3:14.7

*The 2021 Spring Tennō Shō was contested at Hanshin Racecourse, due to construction at Kyoto Racecourse. [4]

Earlier winners

  • 1938 - Hase Park
  • 1939 - Sugenuma
  • 1940 - Toki no Chikara
  • 1941 - Marutake
  • 1942 - Minami Mor [5]
  • 1943 - Grand Lite
  • 1944 - Hiro Sakura
  • 1945 - No race
  • 1946 - No race
  • 1947 - Olite [6]
  • 1948 - Cyma [7] [8]
  • 1949 - Miharu O
  • 1950 - Owens
  • 1951 - Takakura Yama
  • 1952 - Mitsuhata
  • 1953 - Leda
  • 1954 - Hakuryou
  • 1955 - Taka O
  • 1956 - Meiji Hikari
  • 1957 - Kitano O
  • 1958 - Onward There
  • 1959 - Tosa O
  • 1960 - Kuripero
  • 1961 - Yamanin More [9]
  • 1962 - Onslaught [10]
  • 1963 - Korehisa
  • 1964 - Hikaru Pola [11]
  • 1965 - Asahoko
  • 1966 - Hakuzuikou
  • 1967 - Speed Symboli
  • 1968 - Hikarutakai
  • 1969 - Takeshiba O
  • 1970 - Riki Eikan
  • 1971 - Mejiro Musashi
  • 1972 - Bell Wide
  • 1973 - Tai Tehm [12]
  • 1974 - Take Hope
  • 1975 - Ichifuji Isami
  • 1976 - Erimo George
  • 1977 - Ten Point
  • 1978 - Green Grass
  • 1979 - Kashuu Chikara
  • 1980 - Nichidou Taro
  • 1981 - Katsura no Haiseiko
  • 1982 - Monte Prince
  • 1983 – Amber Shadai
  • 1984 – Monte Fast
  • 1985 - Symboli Rudolf
  • 1986 - Kushiro King
  • 1987 - Miho Shinzan
  • 1988 - Tamamo Cross
  • 1989 - Inari One

Autumn

Tenno Sho (Autumn)
Int'l Grade 1 race
134th Tennosho 20061029.jpg
Daiwa Major wins the 134th Tennō Shō
Location Tokyo Racecourse, Fuchu, Tokyo
Inaugurated1937
Race typeThoroughbred
Website japanracing.jp
Race information
Distance2000 meters
(About 10 furlongs / 1+14 miles)
SurfaceTurf
TrackLeft-handed
Qualification3-y-o & Up, Thoroughbreds
Weight3-y-o 56 kg \ 4-y-o & up 58 kg
Allowances
2 kg for fillies and mares
Purse ¥ 325,000,000 (as of 2017)
1st: ¥ 150,000,000

The Autumn Tenno Sho is held at Tokyo Racecourse, in late October. It is run over a distance of 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). It is considered the first leg of the Japanese Autumn Triple Crown (the other two are the Japan Cup and the Arima Kinen).

Originally, the Autumn Tenno Sho was run over a distance of 3,200 metres (10,500 ft), but was shortened to its current distance to promote middle-distance horses and to promote 3-year-old horses as a shorter-distance alternative to the Kikuka Sho, the Japanese St. Leger, which is 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).

Winners since 1990

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
1990 Yaeno Muteki 5 Yukio Okabe Mitsuo Ogino Fuji Co 1:58.2
1991 Prekrasnie*4 Teruo Eda Terumaso YanoTazima Nirou Sakai2:03.9
1992 Let's Go Tarquin 5 Akikasu Osaki K HashiguchiDiners Club Japan1:58.6
1993 Yamanin Zephyr 4 Masao Shibata Hiromu Kurita Tadashi Doi1:58.9
1994 Nehai Caesar 4 Shiomura Katsumi Akira Huse Daimaru Enterprise 1:58.6
1995 Sakure Chitose O 5 Hutoshi Kozima Katsutarao Sakai Sakura Commerce 1:58.8
1996 Bubble Gum Fellow 3 Masayoshi Ebina Kazuo Fujisawa Shadai Racehorse 1:58.7
1997 Air Groove 4 Yutaka Take Yasunori ItoLucky Field Co Ltd1:59.0
1998 Offside Trap 7 Yoshitomi Shibata Shuho Kato Takao Watanabe 1:59.3
1999 Special Week 4 Yutaka Take Toshiaki Shirai Hiroyoshi Usuda 1:58.0
2000 T M Opera O 4 Ryuji Wada Ichizo Iwamoto Masatsugu Takezono 1:59.9
2001 Agnes Digital 4 Hirofumi Shii Toshiaki Shirai Takao Watanabe 2:02.0
2002 Symboli Kris S@3 Yukio Okabe Kazuo Fujisawa Symboli Stud 1:58.5
2003 Symboli Kris S 4 Olivier Peslier Kazuo Fujisawa Symboli Stud 1:58.0
2004 Zenno Rob Roy 4 Olivier Peslier Kazuo Fujisawa Shinobu Oohasa1:58.9
2005 Heavenly Romance 5 Mikio Matsunaga Masashi YamamotoNosohiruzu Management2:00.1
2006 Daiwa Major 5 Katsumi Ando Hiroyuki UeharaKeizou Ooshiro1:58.8
2007 Meisho Samson 4 Yutaka Take Shigetada Takahashi Yoshio Matsumoto 1:58.4
2008 Vodka 4 Yutaka Take Katsuhiko Sumii Yuzo Tanimizu1:57.2
2009 Company#8 Norihiro Yokoyama Hidetaka OtonashiEiko Kondou1:57.2
2010 Buena Vista 4 Christophe Soumillon Hiroshi Matsuda Sunday Racing Co Ltd1:58.2
2011 Tosen Jordan 5 Nicola Pinna Yasutoshi Ikee Takaya Shimakawa1:56.1
2012 Eishin Flash 5 Mirco Demuro Hideaki Fujiwara Toyomitsu Hirai1:57.3
2013 Just A Way 4 Yuichi Fukunaga Naosuke Sugai Akatsuki Yamatoya1:57.5
2014Spielberg5Hiroshi Kitamura Kazuo Fujisawa Hidetoshi Yamamoto1:59.7
2015 Lovely Day 5Suguru HamanakaYasutoshi Ikee Kaneko Makoto Holdings 1:58.4
2016 Maurice 5 Ryan Moore Noriyuki HoriKazumi Yoshida1:59.3
2017 Kitasan Black 5 Yutaka Take Hisashi ShimizuOno Shoji2:08.3
2018 Rey de Oro 4 Christophe Lemaire Kazuo Fujisawa U Carrot Farm1:56.8
2019 Almond Eye 4 Christophe Lemaire Sakae KuniedaSilk Racing1:56.2
2020 Almond Eye 5 Christophe Lemaire Sakae KuniedaSilk Racing1:57.8
* Mejiro McQueen finished first in 1991 but was demoted to last place following a Stewards' Inquiry.
@ The 2002 Autumn Tennō Shō was contested at Nakayama Racecourse, due to construction at Tokyo Racecourse.
# Also Japanese record of flat racing for oldest horse winning first G1 race.

Earlier winners

  • 1937 – Happy Might
  • 1938 - Hisatomo
  • 1939 - Tetsumon
  • 1940 – Rocky Mor [13]
  • 1941 - Estates
  • 1942 - Ni Patois
  • 1943 - Kuri Hikari
  • 1944 - No race
  • 1945 - No race
  • 1946 - No race
  • 1947 - Toyo Ume
  • 1948 - Katsu Fuji
  • 1949 - Newford
  • 1950 - Yashima Daughter
  • 1951 - Hatakaze
  • 1952 - Track O
  • 1953 - Queen Narubi
  • 1954 - Opal Orchid [14]
  • 1955 - Dainana Hoshu
  • 1956 - Midfarm
  • 1957 - Hakuchikara
  • 1958 - Cellulose [15]
  • 1959 - Garnet
  • 1960 - Ote Mon
  • 1961 - Takamagahara
  • 1962 - Kurihide
  • 1963 - Ryu Forel
  • 1964 - Yamato Kyodai
  • 1965 - Shinzan
  • 1966 - Korehide
  • 1967 - Kabuto Ciro
  • 1968 - Knit Eight
  • 1969 - Mejiro Taiyo
  • 1970 - Mejiro Asama
  • 1971 - Tomei
  • 1972 - Yamanin Wave
  • 1973 - Tani no Chikara
  • 1974 - Kami no Tesio
  • 1975 - Fujino Parthia
  • 1976 - Eyeful
  • 1977 - Hokuto Boy
  • 1978 - Tenmei
  • 1979 - Three Giants
  • 1980 - Pretty Cast
  • 1981 - Hoyo Boy
  • 1982 - Mejiro Titan
  • 1983 - Kyoei Promise
  • 1984 - Mr. C.B.
  • 1985 - Gallop Dyna
  • 1986 - Sakura Yutaka O
  • 1987 - Nippo Teio
  • 1988 - Tamamo Cross
  • 1989 - Super Creek

Multiple winners

Prior to 1980, a horse winning a Tennō Shō races was not allowed to participate in future editions of the race but this ban was lifted in 1981. Only two horses won the prize three times:

Apart from Kitasan Black and T M Opera O, four horses to date have won consecutive runnings, either by winning both the Spring and Autumn races in the same year or by winning the Autumn race, and following year's Spring race.

Five horses have won two non-consecutive runnings.

See also

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References

Spring

Autumn

  1. "2011.10.25 Tenno Sho (Autumn) (G1) - Preview - News - Horse Racing in Japan". Japanracing.jp. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  2. "Results from the 7.40 race at KYOTO (JPN) - 30 April 2006". Racing Post. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  3. "Drought ends with a week's free vision - Horseracing - Sport". smh.com.au. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  4. "令和3年度の重賞競走の主な変更点について" (PDF) (in Japanese). 日本中央競馬会. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  5. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  6. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  7. Family Tables of Racinghorses Vol.IV, Edited by Thoroughbred Pedigree Center / In collaboration with France Galop,Published by Japan Racing Association and The Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association,2003
  8. According to Romanization of Japanese,Shîmâ(pronounced as 'seemer').
  9. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  10. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  11. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  12. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  13. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  14. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)
  15. JBIS Japan Bloodstock Information System (Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association)