Territoire de Belfort

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Territoire de Belfort
France-90-Belfort-Belvedere ouest.jpg
View to the west from the Citadelle de Belfort
Drapeau fr departement Territoire de Belfort.svg
Blason departement fr Territoire de Belfort.svg
Territoire de Belfort-Position.svg
Location of Territoire de Belfort in France
Coordinates: 47°45′N7°00′E / 47.750°N 7.000°E / 47.750; 7.000 Coordinates: 47°45′N7°00′E / 47.750°N 7.000°E / 47.750; 7.000
CountryFrance
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Prefecture Belfort
Subprefectures (none)
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Florian Bouquet [1] (LR)
Area
1
  Total609.4 km2 (235.3 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Total141,318
  Rank 99th
  Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 90
Arrondissements 1
Cantons 9
Communes 101
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
Territorial evolution of the departments in and around Alsace-Lorraine, showing the boundary of the 1871-1918 German Empire in yellow, separating the Territoire-de-Belfort (labelled 90) from the rest of Haut-Rhin (68) Alsace Lorraine departments evolution map-en.svg
Territorial evolution of the departments in and around Alsace-Lorraine, showing the boundary of the 1871–1918 German Empire in yellow, separating the Territoire-de-Belfort (labelled 90) from the rest of Haut-Rhin (68)

The Territoire de Belfort (French pronunciation:  [tɛʁitwaʁ də bɛlfɔʁ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, eastern France. It had a population of 141,318 in 2019. [3]

Contents

History

The administrative district Territoire de Belfort was created under the terms of the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt. The German Empire annexed almost all of Alsace, but the French were able to negotiate retention of the Territoire de Belfort which thereby was separated from the rest of Alsace (where it had been part of the department of Haut-Rhin). There were three principal reasons for this exceptional treatment:

After retaining its unique status as a territoire for just over half a century, Belfort was officially recognized as France's 90th department in 1922. France had recovered Alsace three years earlier, but the decision was taken not to reintegrate Belfort into its former department. There was talk of giving it a new departmental name, with suggestions that included "Savoureuse" (after the main river of the new department) or "Mont-Terrible" (the name of a former Napoleonic department embracing parts of Switzerland), but there was no consensus for a name change and the department continues to be known as the Territoire de Belfort.

When the regions of France were created, Belfort was not included in the region of Alsace, but the adjacent region of Franche-Comté, since January 2016 Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Geography

Geographers might contend that Belfort lies on the ridge that divides two regions of France, but before 1870 it was politically part of Alsace. However, in terms of the political regions established in 1982, the Territoire de Belfort has found itself in the Franche-Comté rather than Alsace.

The department has an area of only 609 km2 (235 sq. miles), being the fifth smallest of France (after Paris and its suburbs Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne). It is sightly smaller than Malta or the State of Rhode Island.

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Belfort, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 4 communes with more than 5,000 inhabitants: [3]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Belfort 46,443
Delle 5,667
Valdoie 5,269
Beaucourt 5,010

Economy

The median net income per household for the department in 2017 was €21,310. The averaged figure for the Territoire de Belfort masked relatively large disparities such as, in particular, that between Belfort itself at €17,920 and Bermont at €26,600. [5]

Population and demography

In 2019 the department recorded a population of 141,318. Of these, slightly more than 46,000 live in the commune of Belfort itself.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
187256,781    
188174,244+3.02%
189183,670+1.20%
190192,304+0.99%
1911101,386+0.94%
192194,338−0.72%
193199,403+0.52%
193699,497+0.02%
194686,648−1.37%
195499,427+1.73%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1962109,371+1.20%
1968118,450+1.34%
1975128,125+1.13%
1982131,999+0.43%
1990134,097+0.20%
1999137,408+0.27%
2006141,201+0.39%
2011143,348+0.30%
2016144,089+0.10%
Sources: [6] [7]

Four principal phases can be identified in the population trends during the two centuries between 1801 and 2000.

Administration

Its departmental code is 90, and its prefecture (capital) is Belfort. There is a single arrondissement (Belfort), which is subdivided into 9 cantons and thence into 101 communes.

Politics

The president of the Departmental Council is Florian Bouquet, first elected in 2015.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [8] Party
Territoire de Belfort's 1st constituency Ian Boucard The Republicans
Territoire de Belfort's 2nd constituency Michel Zumkeller Union of Democrats and Independents

Current Senate Representatives

ConstituencyMember [9] Party
Territoire de Belfort's Senate constituency Cédric Perrin The Republicans

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

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Belfort Prefecture and commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Belfort is a city in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in Northeastern France, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg, approximately 25 km (16 mi) from the France–Switzerland border. It is the prefecture of the Territoire de Belfort department.

Arrondissement of Belfort Arrondissement in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

The arrondissement of Belfort is an arrondissement in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of France. It is the only arrondissement of the Territoire de Belfort department. It has 101 communes. Its population is 144,089 (2016), and its area is 609.4 km2 (235.3 sq mi).

Auxelles-Bas Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Auxelles-Bas is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Bermont Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Bermont is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Chaux, Territoire de Belfort Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Chaux is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France. Chaux is located approximately 7.4 km (5 mi) south from the base of the Ballon d'Alsace mountain range, source of the Savoureuse river, 136 km (85 mi) north of Bern, Switzerland and 8.4 km (5 mi) north of Belfort, France. The immediate surrounding landscape is flat and arable.

Lepuix Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Lepuix is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Novillard Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Novillard is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Petitmagny Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Petitmagny is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Saint-Germain-le-Châtelet Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Saint-Germain-le-Châtelet is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Valdoie Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Valdoie is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France. It is located to the North of the city of Belfort and comprises part of greater Belfort.

Vauthiermont Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Vauthiermont is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in northeastern France.

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Administrative region of France

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté is a region in Eastern France created by the 2014 territorial reform of French regions, from a merger of Burgundy and Franche-Comté. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections of December 2015, electing 100 members to the Regional Council of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Communauté d'agglomération Grand Belfort is an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Belfort. It is located in the Territoire de Belfort department, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, eastern France. It was created in January 2017. Its seat is in Belfort. Its area is 262.0 km2. Its population was 103,741 in 2017, of which 47,656 in Belfort proper.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 90 Territoire de Belfort, INSEE
  4. "Bismarks Mittheilung über den Friedendschluss". Passauer Zeitung. Vol. 24, no. 124. 16 May 1871. p. 1.
  5. "Comparateur de territoire: Commune de Belfort (90010), Territoire de Belfort (90), Commune de Bermont (90011)". INSEE . Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  6. "Historique du Territoire de Belfort". Le SPLAF.
  7. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  8. Assemblée Nationale. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  9. "Liste par département - Sénat". www.senat.fr. Retrieved 2020-07-22.

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