"Thành hoàng" (城隍) means a deity that is enshrined in each village's communal house in Vietnam. The deity is believed to guard the village against disasters and bring it fortune.
Thành hoàng is a Sino-Vietnamese word, literally means the city wall and the moat that surrounds it.
No later than Đinh dynasty, each locality started to worship the mountain and river gods that ruled over a domain which encompassed their village. Later on, the government decreed the deification of late national heroes, righteous officials and loyal subjects, and specific localities were chosen to exalt these gods. Gradually other common folks took up the practice and worshipped their own gods to be blessed with protection and fortune.
The Đinh dynasty was the imperial dynasty of Vietnam starting in 968 when Đinh Tiên Hoàng vanquished the upheavals of Twelve warlords and ended as the son of Đinh Tiên Hoàng, Đinh Phế Đế, ceded the throne to Lê Hoàn in 980.
Generally each village worships only one Thành Hoàng, however it is not rare to see two or more gods enshrined simultaneously at a village. They are known collectively as Gods of Fortune (Phúc Thần).
Even these Gods were divided in three ranks
Thánh Gióng, also known as Phù Đổng Thiên Vương, Ông Gióng and Xung Thiên Thần Vương is a mythical folk hero of Vietnam's history and one of The Four Immortals. According to the legend, Gióng was a boy who magically grew in size to be a giant hero and rode on an iron horse leading the Văn Lang kingdom to victory against northern invaders. Thus, he is considered the first anti-invasion hero of the Vietnamese.
Chử Đồng Tử is the name of a famous Vietnamese divine being, one of "The Four Immortals" "Tứ bất tử" in traditional Vietnamese mythology. In legend Chử Đông Tử appeared on a yellow or golden dragon to Triệu Quang Phục the sixth century resistance leader.
Lý Thường Kiệt was a Vietnamese eunuch, general, and admiral during the Lý Dynasty in Vietnam. He was a leading general for Vietnam during the Lý-Song wars.
Apart from the ranked gods which acknowledged by the government, there were villages that worshiped "demons" and "tainted gods" such as Beggar God, Serpent God, God of Lecherousness...
Phan Thiết is the capital of Bình Thuận Province, on the coast in Vietnam, where all government offices for the province are located. While most of the inhabitants live in the city center, the others live in the four urban coastal wards, extending from Suoi Nuoc beach in the northeast towards cape Ke Ga in the southwest.
Vietnamese National Football Super Cup, also called Thaco National Football Super Cup for sponsorship reasons, is Vietnamese football's annual match contested between the champion of the previous V.League 1 season and the holder of the Vietnamese National Football Cup. If one team won both the National Cup and V.League 1 titles, then the second runner-up team of the National Cup would be qualified for the Super Cup match.
Lệ Thủy is a district of Quảng Bình Province in the North Central Coast of Vietnam. The district borders Quảng Ninh District on the north, Vĩnh Linh District on the south, Laos on the west. Lệ Thủy central is 40 km south of the provincial capital Đồng Hới. The district government seat is Kiến Giang Township. The district area is 1420.52 km2, population: 140,804 (1998). Lệ Thủy District is home to Võ Nguyên Giáp and the family of Ngô Đình Diệm. Economy bases on agriculture, mainly rice culture. Mỹ Trạch massacre by French army happened here on 29 November 1947.
Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh, also known as Nguyễn Hữu Kính and his noble rank Lễ Thành Hầu, was a high-ranking general of Lord Nguyễn Phúc Chu. His military expeditions into the Mekong Delta placed the region firmly under Vietnamese administrative control. Considered to be the most famous military general during the time of Vietnam's southward expansion, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh founded the city of Saigon in 1698. His establishment of Saigon and military forts in and around the Mekong Delta served as the foundation for later military expeditions by the Vietnamese imperial court in its quest to expand its southern territory. In Vietnam, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh is widely beloved and revered by the Vietnamese as a national hero with various shrines (miếu) and communal houses (đình) dedicated to him.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam established 1930, is the highest authority within the Communist Party of Vietnam elected by the Party National Congresses. The current Central Committee has about 175 full members and 25 alternate members and nominally appoints the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Thuận Hóa was a historic territory in central Vietnam. It consisted of the modern provinces of Quảng Bình, Quảng Trị, and Thừa Thiên–Huế.
The 2010 Vietnamese Cup was the 18th edition of the Vietnamese Cup. It started on 23 January 2010 and finished on 28 August 2010.
The 2012 V-League season is the 29th season of Vietnam's professional football league and started on 31 December 2011 and finished on 19 August 2012. On 15 December it was announced that the league would change name and would simply be known as the Premier League. Then, it was changed name to Super League.
The 2011 Vietnamese Cup was the 19th edition of the Vietnamese Cup. It started on 8 January 2011 and finished on 27 August 2011.
The 2012 Vietnamese Cup was the 20th edition of the Vietnamese Cup. It started on 18 December 2011 and finished on 29 August 2012.
The Hồ Chí Minh Prize is an honorary award given by the government of Vietnam in recognition of cultural and/or scientific achievement. The prize was established by decree in 1981, and has been awarded in 1996, 2000, 2005 and 2012, often posthumously. The prize is named for Ho Chi Minh, and is considered one of the highest honors bestowed by Vietnam.
The 2013 V.League 1 season was the 30th season of Vietnam's professional football league and began on 3 March 2013 and finished on 31 August 2013.
The 2017 National Cup was the 25th edition of the Vietnamese Cup. It was sponsored by Sứ Thiên Thanh, and known as the Sứ Thiên Thanh National Cup for sponsorship purposes. This year's competition, which features 21 teams including V.League 1's 14 teams and National First Division's 7 teams. The winner are qualified to AFC Cup.
Love Case is a 2008 Vietnamese telefilm adapted from Hồ Văn Trung's July 1941 novel Cư kỉnh (居璟). The film was produced by Ho Chi Minh City Television and directed by Võ Việt Hùng.
The 2018 National Cup is the 26th edition of the Vietnamese Cup, the football knockout competition of Vietnam organized by the Vietnam Football Federation.
The 2019 Vietnamese National Cup season is the 27th edition of the Vietnamese Cup, the football knockout competition of Vietnam organized by the Vietnam Football Federation.