Thành hoàng

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Thành hoàng (chữ Hán : 城隍) or Thần hoàng (神隍), Thần Thành hoàng (神城隍) refers to the gods or deities that is enshrined in each village's Đình in Vietnam. The gods or deities are believed to protect the village from natural disasters or calamities and bring fortune.

Contents

Le hoi2.jpg
Van Con, nhung co gai hang do.JPG
People are holding a ceremony to worship the Thành hoàng

Generally each village worships only one Thành Hoàng; however, it is not rare to see two or more gods enshrined simultaneously at a village. They are known collectively as Gods of Fortune (Phúc Thần). [2]

Even these Gods were divided in three ranks

Apart from the ranked gods acknowledged by the government, there were villages that worshiped "demons" and "tainted gods" such as the Beggar God, the Serpent God, the God of Lecherousness, and others.

Notes

  1. Phan Kế Bính, Vietnamese Customs, Ho Chi Minh City Publishing house, 1990 edition, p.78-79.
  2. Phan Kế Bính, Vietnamese Customs, Ho Chi Minh City Publishing house, 1990 edition, p.78-79.

See also

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References

Thành hoàng
Bao tang My thuat Tp (Do go, tuong Thanh hoang, do go phu son, mien Bac VN, TK20) (2).jpg
Statue of a Thành hoàng in northern Vietnam