Thái Phiên

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Thái Phiên (1882–1916), was a Vietnamese scholar and revolutionary from Quảng Nam Province, also known by the alias Nam Xương. He was an associate of Phan Bội Châu, and was involved in both the Vietnam Restoration League (Vietnamese : Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội) and the Đông Du movement. In his autobiography, Phan Bội Châu lauded Phien's services and devotion to the cause of Vietnamese independence, describing him as a man who "worked ardently in the cause of our country". "When there were almost no comrades remaining inside our country", he wrote, "it was he alone who stood fast". Phan also described him as being "skillful in dealing with finances and handling the conduct of affairs". [1] On 4 May 1916, Phien and Trần Cao Vân led the abortive rebellion against French Authorities initiated by the Vietnam Restoration League. [2] Both were beheaded on 17 May in An Hoa, Huế.

Quảng Nam Province Province in Vietnam

Quảng Nam is a province in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Thừa Thiên–Huế Province to the north, the nation of Laos to the west, Kon Tum Province to the southwest, Quảng Ngãi Province to the southeast, the South China Sea to the east, and the city of Da Nang to the northeast.

Phan Bội Châu Vietnamese revolutionary

Phan Bội Châu was a pioneer of Vietnamese 20th century nationalism. In 1903, he formed a revolutionary organization called the “Reformation Society”. From 1905 to 1908, he lived in Japan where he wrote political tracts calling for the independence of Vietnam from French colonial rule. After being forced to leave Japan, he moved to China where he was influenced by Sun Yat-sen. He formed a new group called the “Vietnamese Restoration League”, modeled after Sun Yat-sen's republican party. In 1925, French agents seized him in Shanghai. He was convicted of treason and spent the rest of his life under house arrest in Huế.

Vietnamese language official and national language of Vietnam

Vietnamese is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language. It is the native language of the Vietnamese (Kinh) people, as well as a first or second language for the many ethnic minorities of Vietnam. As a result of Vietnamese emigration and cultural influence, Vietnamese speakers are found throughout the world, notably in East and Southeast Asia, North America, Australia and Western Europe. Vietnamese has also been officially recognized as a minority language in the Czech Republic.

After the 1945 August Revolution, the Việt Minh briefly renamed the city of Tourane after Thai Phien, to commemorate his role in the 1916 uprising. [3]

August Revolution

The August Revolution, also known as the August General Uprising, was a revolution launched by Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh against French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.

Việt Minh national independence coalition

Việt Minh was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941. The Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội had previously formed in Nanjing, China, at some point between August 1935 and early 1936 when Vietnamese Nationalist or other Vietnamese nationalist parties formed an anti-imperialist united front. This organization soon lapsed into inactivity, only to be revived by the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) and Hồ Chí Minh in 1941. The Việt Minh established itself as the only organized anti-French and anti-Japanese resistance group. The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for Vietnam from the French Empire. The United States supported France. When the Japanese occupation began, the Việt Minh opposed Japan with support from the United States and the Republic of China. After World War II, the Việt Minh opposed the re-occupation of Vietnam by France and later opposed South Vietnam and the United States in the Vietnam War. The political leader and founder of Việt Minh was Hồ Chí Minh. The military leadership was under the command of Võ Nguyên Giáp. Other founders were Lê Duẩn and Phạm Văn Đồng.

Da Nang Municipality in Vietnam

Da Nang is the fifth largest city in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Haiphong and Can Tho in terms of urbanization and economy. Located on the coast of the South China Sea at the mouth of the Han River, it is one of Vietnam's most important port cities. As one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it is under the direct administration of the central government.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Phan Bội Châu (1999). Overturned chariot: the autobiography of Phan-Bội-Châu. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN   9780824818753 . Retrieved 2011-03-19.
  2. Mỹ-Vân Trà̂n (2005). A Vietnamese royal exile in Japan: Prince Cường Đẻ̂ (1882-1951). RoutledgeCurzon studies in the modern history of Asia. 29. Routledge. ISBN   0-415-29716-8 . Retrieved 2011-03-19.
  3. Name of Danang through periods of time Archived 2012-03-19 at the Wayback Machine .. Danang People's Committee.

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