Thái Phiên (1882–1916), was a Vietnamese scholar and revolutionary from Quảng Nam Province, also known by the alias Nam Xương. He was an associate of Phan Bội Châu, and was involved in both the Vietnam Restoration League (Vietnamese : Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội) and the Đông Du movement. In his autobiography, Phan Bội Châu lauded Phien's services and devotion to the cause of Vietnamese independence, describing him as a man who "worked ardently in the cause of our country". "When there were almost no comrades remaining inside our country", he wrote, "it was he alone who stood fast". Phan also described him as being "skillful in dealing with finances and handling the conduct of affairs". On 4 May 1916, Phien and Trần Cao Vân led the abortive rebellion against French Authorities initiated by the Vietnam Restoration League. Both were beheaded on 17 May in An Hoa, Huế.
Quảng Nam is a province in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Thừa Thiên–Huế Province to the north, the nation of Laos to the west, Kon Tum Province to the southwest, Quảng Ngãi Province to the southeast, the South China Sea to the east, and the city of Da Nang to the northeast.
Phan Bội Châu was a pioneer of Vietnamese 20th century nationalism. In 1903, he formed a revolutionary organization called the “Reformation Society”. From 1905 to 1908, he lived in Japan where he wrote political tracts calling for the independence of Vietnam from French colonial rule. After being forced to leave Japan, he moved to China where he was influenced by Sun Yat-sen. He formed a new group called the “Vietnamese Restoration League”, modeled after Sun Yat-sen's republican party. In 1925, French agents seized him in Shanghai. He was convicted of treason and spent the rest of his life under house arrest in Huế.
Vietnamese is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language. It is the native language of the Vietnamese (Kinh) people, as well as a first or second language for the many ethnic minorities of Vietnam. As a result of Vietnamese emigration and cultural influence, Vietnamese speakers are found throughout the world, notably in East and Southeast Asia, North America, Australia and Western Europe. Vietnamese has also been officially recognized as a minority language in the Czech Republic.
After the 1945 August Revolution, the Việt Minh briefly renamed the city of Tourane after Thai Phien, to commemorate his role in the 1916 uprising.
The August Revolution, also known as the August General Uprising, was a revolution launched by Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh against French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.
Việt Minh was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941. The Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội had previously formed in Nanjing, China, at some point between August 1935 and early 1936 when Vietnamese Nationalist or other Vietnamese nationalist parties formed an anti-imperialist united front. This organization soon lapsed into inactivity, only to be revived by the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) and Hồ Chí Minh in 1941. The Việt Minh established itself as the only organized anti-French and anti-Japanese resistance group. The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for Vietnam from the French Empire. The United States supported France. When the Japanese occupation began, the Việt Minh opposed Japan with support from the United States and the Republic of China. After World War II, the Việt Minh opposed the re-occupation of Vietnam by France and later opposed South Vietnam and the United States in the Vietnam War. The political leader and founder of Việt Minh was Hồ Chí Minh. The military leadership was under the command of Võ Nguyên Giáp. Other founders were Lê Duẩn and Phạm Văn Đồng.
Da Nang is the fifth largest city in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Haiphong and Can Tho in terms of urbanization and economy. Located on the coast of the South China Sea at the mouth of the Han River, it is one of Vietnam's most important port cities. As one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it is under the direct administration of the central government.
Cường Để, born Nguyễn Phước Dân, was an early 20th-century Vietnamese revolutionary who, along with Phan Bội Châu, unsuccessfully tried to liberate Vietnam from French colonial occupation.
Nguyễn Hải Thần was a leader of the Việt Nam Cách Mạng Đồng Minh Hội and a political leader during the Vietnamese Revolution. In 1905, he left Vietnam to study at military academies first in Japan then in China as part of Phan Bội Châu's Đông-Du Movement. In 1912, he joined Châu's Vietnam Restoration League and became one of its representative in Kwangsi and one of its most capable military leaders.
Princess Huyền Trân later Queen Paramecvariin of Champa, was a princess during the Trần Dynasty in the history of Vietnam.
Hồng Bàng is a district (quận) of Hai Phong, the third-largest city of Vietnam. The Hai Phong City Committee, the local administrative office, is located on Hoàng Diệu street, in the east of the district.
Trần Cao Vân was a mandarin of the Nguyễn Dynasty who was best known for his activities in attempting to expel the French colonial powers in Vietnam. He orchestrated an attempt to expel the French and install Emperor Duy Tân as the boy ruler of an independent Vietnam, but the uprising failed. Vân was executed while Duy Tân was exiled by the French.
Nguyễn Thượng Hiền was a Vietnamese scholar-gentry anti-colonial revolutionary activist who advocated independence from French colonial rule. He was a contemporary of Phan Bội Châu and Phan Châu Trinh and was regarded as the most prominent northerner of his generation of scholar-gentry activists.
Nguyễn Thần Hiến (1856–1914) was a Vietnamese scholar-gentry anti-colonial revolutionary activist who advocated independence from French colonial rule. He was a contemporary of Phan Bội Châu and Phan Chu Trinh and was regarded as the most prominent southerner of his generation of scholar-gentry activists.
The Việt Nam Quang phục Hội was a nationalist republican militant revolutionary organization of Vietnam that was active in the 1910s, under the leadership of Phan Bội Châu and Prince Cường Để. Formed in March 1912, its objective was to overthrow French colonial rule in Vietnam and establish a democratic republic. The organization failed to gain momentum, crippled by arrests of its members.
Anarchism as a political movement in Vietnam started in the early twentieth century. Its most recognizable proponent was Phan Boi Chau.
Âu Lạc (甌雒/甌駱) was the name of the Vietnamese state from 257 BCE to 179 BCE. It merged the lands of the former states of Nam Cương and Văn Lang until it was annexed into the state of Nam Việt (Nanyue). The capital was Cổ Loa, located in present-day Hanoi's Dong Anh district.
Paris By Night 91: Huế, Sài Gòn, Hà Nội is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Terrace Theater at the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center on January 12, 2008 and January 13, 2008.
Paris By Night 77: 30 Năm Viễn Xứ is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Terrace Theater in the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center on March 5, 2005. It was released to DVD on April 28, 2005 two months later, just in time 2 days before the 30th anniversary of the Fall of Saigon on April 30, 2005.
The Hồ Chí Minh Prize is an honorary award given by the government of Vietnam in recognition of cultural and/or scientific achievement. The prize was established by decree in 1981, and has been awarded in 1996, 2000, 2005 and 2012, often posthumously. The prize is named for Ho Chi Minh, and is considered one of the highest honors bestowed by Vietnam.
Duy Tân hội was an anti-French independence society in Vietnam founded by Phan Bội Châu and Prince Cường Để. Gilbert Trần Chánh Chiêu was an agent of the Society. The group in a broader sense was also considered a Modernisation Movement.
Gilbert Trần Chánh Chiếu (1868-1919) was a Vietnamese independence activist and the subject of "l'Affaire Gilbert Chieu". He used his French citizenship and his position as hotel owner, businessman, editor of the Saigon Quốc Ngữ newspaper Lục Tỉnh Tân Văn and the French version Le Moniteur des Provinces, as well as being one of the first attorneys at law in Saigon, to cover for the fact that he was in fact an agent of the Duy Tân Hội society based in Japan and led by Vietnamese revolutionaries Phan Bội Châu and Prince Cường Để. At the end of October 1908, a series of 40 arrests was made, including Chieu himself, but at trial evidence proved insufficient to convict.
Political organizations and Armed forces in Vietnam, since 1912 :
The Six Provinces of Southern Vietnam is the historical name for a particular region of Southern Vietnam which is referred to in French as Basse-Cochinchine.. The region was politically defined and established after the independence of the Nguyễn dynasty, and lasted from 1832, when Emperor Minh Mạng introduced administrative reforms, to 1867, which culminated in the eight-year French campaign to conquer the Six Provinces.