|Vietnamese alphabet||Thái Tông|
|Literal meaning||Grand Ancestor|
Thái Tông is the temple name used for several emperors of Vietnam. The term was derived from the Chinese equivalent Tàizōng .
It may refer to:
Taizong is the temple name used for several monarchs of China. It may refer to:
The Lý dynasty, officially Great Cồ Việt from 1009 to 1054 and Great Việt from 1054 to 1225, was a Vietnamese dynasty that existed from 1009 to 1225. It was established by Lý Công Uẩn when he overthrew the Early Lê dynasty. The dynasty ended when empress regnant Lý Chiêu Hoàng was pressured to abdicate the throne in favor of her husband, Trần Cảnh in 1225, the dynasty lasts for 216 years. During Lý Thánh Tông's reign, the official name of the state was changed from Đại Cồ Việt to Đại Việt, a name that would remain Vietnam's official name until the onset of the 19th century.
The Hồ dynasty, officially Great Ngu, was a short-lived Vietnamese dynasty consisting of the reigns of two monarchs, Hồ Quý Ly and his second son, Hồ Hán Thương. The practice of bequeathing the throne to a designated son was similar to what had happened in the previous Trần dynasty and was meant to avoid sibling rivalry. Hồ Quý Ly's eldest son, Hồ Nguyên Trừng, played his part as the dynasty's military general. In 2011, UNESCO declared the Citadel of the Hồ Dynasty in Thanh Hóa Province a world heritage site. The Hồ dynasty was conquered by the Chinese Ming dynasty in 1407.
The Mạc dynasty (1527-1677), officially Great Việt, was a Vietnamese dynasty which ruled over a unified Vietnam between 1527 and 1540, and northern Vietnam from 1540 until 1593. The Mạc dynasty lost control over the capital Đông Kinh for the last time in its wars against the Later Lê dynasty and the Trịnh Lords in 1592. Subsequent members of the Mạc dynasty ruled over the province of Cao Bằng with the direct support of the Chinese Ming and Qing dynasties until 1677.
Đại Việt, often known as Annam, was a monarchy in eastern Mainland Southeast Asia from the 10th century AD to the early 19th century, centered around the region of present-day Hanoi, Northern Vietnam. Its early name, Đại Cồ Việt, was established in 968 by Vietnamese ruler Đinh Bộ Lĩnh after he ended the Anarchy of the 12 Warlords, until the beginning of the reign of Lý Thánh Tông, the third emperor of the Lý dynasty. Đại Việt lasted until the reign of Gia Long, the first emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty, when the name was changed to Việt Nam.
Trần Thái Tông, personal name Trần Cảnh or Trần Nhật Cảnh, temple name Thái Tông, was the first emperor of the Trần dynasty, reigned Đại Việt for 33 years (1226–58), being Retired Emperor for 19 years. He reigned during the first Mongol invasion of Vietnam before eventually abdicating in favor of his son Trần Hoảng in 1258.
Lý Chiêu Hoàng, personal name Lý Phật Kim (李佛金) later renamed to Lý Thiên Hinh (李天馨), was the ninth and last sovereign of the Lý dynasty, empress of Đại Việt from 1224 to 1225. She is the only empress regnant in Vietnamese history and the second Vietnamese female monarch as Trưng Trắc is the first female monarch and the only queen regnant.
Ngô Sĩ Liên (吳士連) was a Vietnamese historian of the Lê dynasty. He was the main compiler of the Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, a chronicle of the history of Vietnam and a historical record of a Vietnamese dynasty. Ngô based information for his historical book from collections of myths and legends such as Trần Thế Pháp's Lĩnh Nam chích quái or Việt điện u linh tập.
Zhuangyuan, or trạng nguyên in Vietnamese, variously translated into English as principal graduate, primus, or optimus, was the title given to the scholar who achieved the highest score on highest level of the Imperial examination, 省試 and 殿試 in ancient China and Vietnam.
The Confucian court examination system in Vietnam was a system for entry into the civil service modelled on the Imperial examination in China, based on knowledge of the classics and literary style from 1075 to 1919.
Anh Tông is the temple name for several emperors of Vietnam, derived from the Chinese equivalent Yīngzōng. It may refer to:
Nhân Tông is the temple name used for several emperors of Vietnam, derived from the Chinese equivalent Rénzōng. It may refer to:
Thần Tông is the temple name used for several emperors of Vietnam, derived from the Chinese equivalent Shénzōng. It may refer to:
Thánh Tông is the temple name used for several emperors of Vietnam. It may refer to:
Hiến Tông (憲宗) and Hiển Tông (顯宗) are different temple names used for several emperors of Vietnam, derived from the Chinese equivalents Xiànzōng and Xiǎnzōng respectively.
Thái Tổ is an imperial temple name typically used for Vietnamese emperors who founded a particular dynasty. The term was derived from the Chinese equivalent Tàizǔ. It may refer to:
Mạc Đăng Dung, also known by his temple name Mạc Thái Tổ, was an emperor of Vietnam and the founder of the Mạc dynasty. Previously a captain of the imperial guard of one of the Lê dynasty emperors, he gradually rose to a position of great power. Mạc eventually deposed the last Lê monarch, executed Lê Chiêu Tông and Lê Cung Hoàng, and became a monarch himself.