Thái Văn Dung

Last updated
In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Thái. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Dung.
Thái Văn Dung
Born1992
NationalityVietnamese
Known forDemocracy Activism

Thái Văn Dung is a Vietnamese activist of the Catholic Church. He was arrested in Vietnam on 19 August 2011, sentenced to 4 years of prison and 4 years of house arrest. [1]

Contents

2011 arrest

Dung was arrested on August 19, 2011 in Hanoi, Vietnam. He was charged with conspiracy to overthrow the Vietnamese government under clause 2, Article 79 of the Criminal Code. [2] The arrest happened during the 2011 crackdown on Vietnamese youth activists, which included 17 other Vietnamese youth activists.

2013 conviction

On January 8–9, 2013, 14 Catholic and Protestant activists, one of whom was Thái Văn Dung, stood before the People’s Court of Nghệ An Province on trial. All were sentenced to 3–13 years in prison on charges of subversion. [2] Dung was accused of maintaining ties with Viet Tan, a US-based pro-democracy organization to establish democracy and reform Vietnam through peaceful and political means. [3]

2015 release

On August 19, 2015, Thai Van Dung was released. [4] After 4 years of imprisonment, he confessed “I will bring awareness on the suppressed freedoms of religion and human rights people face in prison”. [1] Dung claims he will continue to protest for Vietnam democracy and is mentally prepared to face prison again. [4]

Treatment in prison

He was transferred between K3, K5, and K6 prisons and was locked in rooms between 7-9 square meters. On two occasions, Dung was disciplined for disobeying prison officials' orders because he starved himself after they denied him access to newspapers, radio, TV, and an electric fan. [1] He repeatedly requested human rights and freedom of religion from prison officials, and protested the harsh treatment throughout his time in prison. [5] At the same time, authorities continued to pressure him to confess his crime every 3 months. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Việt Tân Political reform organization

The Reform Revolutionary Party of Vietnam or the Việt Tân is a network of members inside Vietnam and around the world, that aims to establish liberal democracy and reform Vietnam through peaceful and political means.

Phan Văn Bàn is a Vietnamese political dissident. He spent 29 years in jail in Vietnam, after the fall of Saigon.

Phan Khôi

Phan Khôi was an intellectual leader who inspired a North Vietnamese variety of the Chinese Hundred Flowers Campaign, in which scholars were permitted to criticize the Communist regime, but for which he himself was ultimately persecuted by the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Nguyen Quoc Quan

Dr. Nguyen Quoc Quan is a Vietnamese-born American mathematics researcher and human rights activist and a member of the leadership committee of the organization Viet Tan. He has been detained since April 17, 2012 after arriving at Tan Son Nhat airport in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. On April 28, 2012, Vietnam's state media reported the pro-democracy activist has been arrested and accused of organizing "terrorism" activities. Previously, Dr Quan was arrested in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam on a trip on November 17, 2007 for preparing pro-democracy flyers. During that first trip, he brought in a Vietnamese translation of the book From Dictatorship to Democracy about nonviolent resistance. He stood trial in Vietnam on May 13, 2008 on charges of "terrorism" and was sentenced to 6 months in prison. He was eventually released on May 17, 2008 and returned to his home in Elk Grove, California to his wife and two teenage sons. In 2012, he was re-arrested on another trip to Vietnam, and held in prison for 9 months. Following intense US pressure, he was deported on January 30, 2013.

Internet censorship in Vietnam prevents access to websites critical of the Vietnamese government, expatriate political parties, and international human rights organizations, among others or anything the Vietnamese government does not agree with. Online police reportedly monitor Internet cafes and cyber dissidents have been imprisoned. Vietnam regulates its citizens' Internet access using both legal and technical means. The government's efforts to regulate, monitor, and provide oversight regarding Internet use has been referred to as a "Bamboo Firewall". However, citizens can usually view, comment and express their opinions civilly on the internet, as long as it does not evoke anti-government movement, political coup and disrupt the social stability of the country.

Le Cong Dinh

Lê Công Định is a Vietnamese lawyer who sat on the defence of many high-profile human rights cases in Vietnam. He was critical of bauxite mining in the central highlands of Vietnam., and was arrested by the Vietnamese government on June 13, 2009 on charges of "national security", though the arrest was met by the international community with strong objections. Lê Công Định is one of Amnesty International's prisoners of conscience.

Phạm Minh Hoàng is a French-Vietnamese blogger and lecturer in applied mathematics at the Ho Chi Minh City Institute of Technology, who was arrested in Vietnam for his political writing and activism in August 13, 2010. Phạm Minh Hoàng, who writes with the pen name Phan Kien Quoc, was convicted on August 10, 2011 for writing “33 articles that distort the policies and guidelines of the Party and the State.” He was sentenced to three years in jail and three years of probation under Article 79, “subversion of administration”-- one of many penal codes defined vaguely and used to detain and arrest political activists but served only 17 months and spend another three years under house arrest. Phạm Minh Hoàng was based in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam where he used to lecture at the university and offered free classes for Vietnamese youth on leadership skills. In June 2017, he published a call for help on his Facebook page upon receiving the news that he is likely to lose his Vietnamese citizenship and be deported to France. Hoang was detained by local authorities on June 23 before being forcibly exiled to France the following day.

Cù Huy Hà Vũ is a Vietnamese legal scholar. A government critic and a dissident, he was taken into custody in 2010 on charges of "propaganda against the state" and "plotting to overthrow the communist government of Vietnam". On 4 April 2011, Vu was sentenced to 7 years in prison for "spreading anti-state propaganda", drawing protests from human rights groups, the Roman Catholic Church, and the international community.

Trương Tấn Sang

Trương Tấn Sang is a Vietnamese politician, who served as the seventh President of Vietnam from 2011 to 2016. He was one of Vietnam's top leaders, alongside prime minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng and Party general secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng. In July 2011, Trương Tấn Sang was elected state president of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam by the National Assembly of Vietnam and nominated by his predecessor Nguyễn Minh Triết who retired from office.

Trần Quốc Hiền is a Vietnamese lawyer and author imprisoned by the Vietnamese government for his union activities. His detention was protested by several international human rights organizations, including Amnesty International, which named him a prisoner of conscience.

Between July 2011 and December 2011 a series of young Christian Vietnamese activists, primarily located in northern province of Nghệ An, Vietnam, and working with the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, were arrested by the Vietnamese government for protesting for land rights and circulating a petition to free prominent legal rights activist Cu Huy Ha Vu, a prominent human rights defender who was imprisoned for seven years in April 2011.

Paulus Le Son is a Vietnamese blogger, member of the Catholic church and dissident who has been arrested in Vietnam in 2011 and sentenced to 13 years in prison in 2013.

On January 8–9, 2013 a trial was held by the People's Court of Nghệ An Province, Vietnam for 14 democracy activists, primarily belonging to the Catholic church, including high-profile blogger Paulus Le Son. All of them were sentenced to 3–13 years in prison on charges of subversion. Many human rights organizations have called this the "largest case of its kind" in Vietnam, and condemned the sentence. Many organizations, including the US Embassy in Vietnam, have called for an immediate release of the dissidents.

Đặng Xuân Diệu is a Vietnamese community mobiliser, activist and prominent member of the Catholic church. He was arrested in Vietnam on 30 July 2011, convicted over a two-day trial in January 2013 and sentenced to 13 years in prison. Dieu was released and exiled to France on 12 January 2017.

Hồ Đức Hoà is a community organizer and journalist who has been arrested in Vietnam and sentenced to 13 years in prison in 2013.

Nguyễn Văn Đài

Nguyễn Văn Đài is a Vietnamese human rights lawyer, democracy activist and blogger. He was arrested in December 16, 2015 by the Vietnamese authorities and charged under Article 88 for "conducting propaganda against the state". The arrest was condemned by international human rights organisations and elected representatives across the world.

Nguyễn Đặng Minh Mẫn

Nguyễn Đặng Minh Mẫn is a human rights activist. Seeing the social inequities in Vietnam, she became a freelance photojournalist and posted photographs online as an alternative news source to state-controlled media.

Tran Minh Nhat is a Vietnamese journalist and human rights activist from the province of Lam Dong in the south of Vietnam. On August 27, 2011, the Vietnamese government arrested Nhat and charged him with “carrying out activities aimed at overthrowing the people’s administration” under Article 79 of Vietnam's Criminal Code due to his writings in favor of free speech and a pluralist political system in Vietnam. Nhat was found guilty and sentenced to four years in prison with an additional three years of probation. He was eventually released on August 28, 2015 after completing his prison sentence where he has faced constant harassment by the police.

Nguyễn Văn Oai is a social rights activists from Quynh Luu district, Nghe An province. He is a Protestant, and studied citizen journalism under Vietnam Redemptorist News. Oai was arrested on August 2, 2011, in Ho Chi Minh City, charged under clause 2 of article 79, and sentenced to three years’ imprisonment plus four years of controlled residence.

Lê Đình Lượng is a Vietnamese blogger, activist and prominent member of the Catholic Church. A veteran of the 1983 during Sino-Vietnamese conflicts, 1979–1991, he was arrested in Vietnam on 24 July 2017 and charged for "activities attempting to overthrow the state" under Article 79 of 1999 Penal Code. Luong was subsequently sentenced to 20 years prison and 5 years house arrest in a one-day trial in August 2018.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Thái Văn Dung. Interview by Thanh Lan. Chân Trời Mới Media, 22 August 2015, "CTM Đặc Biệt Thái Văn Dung" Accessed 12 August 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Vietnam: Release Convicted Activists - Drop Charges Against Blogger Le Quoc Quan". Human Rights Watch. 2013-01-09. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  3. Alistair Coe (2009-11-12). "Alistair commends Vietnam pro-democracy movement". Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 "Hai tù nhân lương tâm Trần Minh Nhật và Thái Văn Dung mãn án tù" (in Vietnamese). Reporters Without Borders. 27 August 2015.
  5. "Tù nhân lương tâm Thái Văn Dung sẽ tiếp tục đấu tranh công khai" (in Vietnamese). Saigon Broadcasting Television Network. 19 August 2015.