Thánh Trần worship

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The Thánh Trần worship (tín ngưỡng Đức Thánh Trần) is a spiritual practice in Vietnamese folk religion associated with the spirit of historical general Trần Hưng Đạo, who repulsed the Mongolian invasions. The shrines are sometimes collectively called Trần Triều, literally "Trần dynasty".

Mediumship with the spirit of Thánh Trần is part of votive dance lên đồng mediumship and particularly associated with Đạo Mẫu (道母), mother goddess worship. [1] Mediums are mainly female, possession of a male by the spirit is viewed as unusual. [2]

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Mẫu Thượng Thiên (上天) is one of the four heavenly mothers in the Four Palaces in Vietnamese folk religion. She is one of the spirits invoked in the form of lên đồng mediumship particularly associated with Đạo Mẫu worship.

Lục Cung Thánh Mẫu, also known as Mẫu Địa Phủ, is the heavenly mother of the Địa Phủ, fourth of the heavenly Four Palaces in Vietnamese folk religion.

Vietnamese folk religion Ethnic religion of the Vietnamese people

Vietnamese folk religion or Vietnamese indigenous religion, is the ethnic religion of the Vietnamese people. About 45.3% of the population in Vietnam are associated with this religion, making it dominant in Vietnam.


  1. Philip Taylor Modernity and Re-Enchantment: Religion in Post-Revolutionary Vietnam 2007 Page 239 "A female master medium of both Saint Trần and Mother Goddesses, as well as the owner of a Saint Trần shrine told me: If ... But if you are one of Saint Trần's children [con cái cửa Thánh], you can speak quietly or gently and students will still ..."
  2. Karen Fjelstad, Thị Hiền Nguyễn Possessed by the spirits: mediumship in contemporary Vietnamese ... Page 45 2006 "...possessed by Saint Tran, whereas male mediums seemed more hesitant to profess this. I met male mediums who became suspicious when Saint Tran was said to be incarnated into an ordinary medium."