This article relies largely or entirely on a single source . (August 2011)
|Théâtre Montparnasse-Gaston Baty|
|Address|| 31, rue de la Gaîté, |
|Capacity|| main theatre: 715|
Petit Montparnasse: 200
The Théâtre Montparnasse is a theatre at 31, rue de la Gaîté in the 14th arrondissement of Paris.
The present structure was built in 1886 on a site that had been dedicated to theatre since 1817. Architect Charles Peigniet, who helped to create of the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty in New York, designed the building.
From 1930 to 1943, Gaston Baty directed the theatre, and as a result, it became known as the Théâtre Montparnasse-Gaston Baty. From 1944 to 1964, actress Margaret Jamois directed the theatre.
Gaston Baty, whose full name was Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Gaston Baty, was a French playwright and theatre director. His stage adaptation of Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary was presented in an English translation on Broadway in 1937. Constance Cummings played the title role. Baty is also the author of a play entitled Dulcinea, which has been filmed twice and produced on television in 1989. It is an original play that takes its inspiration from Miguel de Cervantes's great novel Don Quixote and uses some of its characters. The second film version, made in 1963, starred Millie Perkins as Dulcinea, and was released in the U.S. as The Girl from La Mancha. He wrote Vie de l'art théatral, des origines a nos jours in 1932 with René Chavance.
In 1965, Lars Schmidt bought the theatre and appointed Jerome Hullot artistic director. Schmidt and Hullot introduced many English talents to the French stage, including such authors and actors as Harold Pinter, Peter Shaffer, Noël Coward, Arnold Wesker, and Murray Schisgal. In 1979, they created the Petit Montparnasse theatre on the site of a former warehouse.
Harold Pinter was a British playwright, screenwriter, director and actor. A Nobel Prizewinner, Pinter was one of the most influential modern British dramatist with a writing career that spanned more than 50 years. His best-known plays include The Birthday Party (1957), The Homecoming (1964), and Betrayal (1978), each of which he adapted for the screen. His screenplay adaptations of others' works include The Servant (1963), The Go-Between (1971), The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981), The Trial (1993), and Sleuth (2007). He also directed or acted in radio, stage, television, and film productions of his own and others' works.
Sir Peter Levin Shaffer, CBE, was an English playwright and screenwriter. He wrote numerous award-winning plays, of which several were adapted into films.
Sir Noël Peirce Coward was an English playwright, composer, director, actor and singer, known for his wit, flamboyance, and what Time magazine called "a sense of personal style, a combination of cheek and chic, pose and poise".
In 1984, Schmidt retired, and Myriam Colombi succeeded him, renovating the theatre and adding a bar-restaurant. The current capacity of the main theatre is seven hundred and fifteen seats.
In 1998, renovation and expansion of the Petit Montparnasse began, and it become a hall with two hundred seats, finally reopening in November 2003.
The Théâtre Montparnasse-Gaston Baty was designated a historic monument on 3 April 1984.
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Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.
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Henrik Johan Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. As one of the founders of Modernism in theatre, Ibsen is often referred to as "the father of realism" and one of the most influential playwrights of his time. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken, Pillars of Society, The Lady from the Sea, Rosmersholm, The Master Builder, and John Gabriel Borkman. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and by the early 20th century A Doll's House became the world's most performed play.
Mourning Becomes Electra is a play cycle written by American playwright Eugene O'Neill. The play premiered on Broadway at the Guild Theatre on 26 October 1931 where it ran for 150 performances before closing in March 1932. In May 1932, it was revived at the Alvin Theatre, and in 1972 at the Circle in the Square Theatre.
The Minister of Social Affairs and Employment is a cabinet member in the Government of France. The position was originally known as Minister of Labour, created in 1906, and later, Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions. After its 1906 creation, the Inspection du travail service was integrated to it.
La Société zoologique de France, founded in 1876 by Aimé Bouvier, is a scientific society devoted to Zoology. It publishes a bulletin and organises the Prix Gadeau de Kerville de la Société zoologique de France.
The Strange Madame X is a 1951 French drama film directed by Jean Grémillon. The screenplay was written by Marcelle Maurette, Pierre Laroche (dialogue) and Albert Valentin (adaptation). It stars Michèle Morgan and Henri Vidal. It tells the story of a housemaid who marries an aristocrat, then falls in love with a low-born laborer and becomes pregnant by him.
René Lefèvre, born René Paul Louis Lefèvre, was a French actor and writer. Throughout his career, he worked with several notable directors, like Jean Renoir, Jean-Pierre Melville, Jules Dassin, and René Clair.
Théâtre Hébertot[te.ɑtʁ e.bɛʁ.to] is a theatre at 78, boulevard des Batignolles, in the 17th arrondissement of Paris, France. The theatre, completed in 1838 and opening as the Théâtre des Batignolles, was later renamed Théâtre des Arts in 1907. It acquired its present name in 1940 after playwright and journalist Jacques Hébertot.
Yves Mirande was a French screenwriter, director, actor, and producer.
André Roanne was a French actor. He began his career playing in short films, and acted in 91 films in total, most notably those of Fernandel. Most of his films were French; he did, however, also appear in German and Italian works, especially co-productions with French companies. He also served occasionally as an assistant director, screenwriter, technician, and film editor.
Thérèse Dorny was a French film and stage actress.
Julien Bertheau was a French actor.
Henri François Jean André Marchand (28 August 1898, Mainvilliers, Eure-et-Loir, France – 22 May 1959, 15th arrondissement of Paris — known as Henri Marchand — was a French actor of stage and screen.
Germaine Dermoz was a French film and theatre actress of the early-to-mid twentieth century.
René Dupuy was a French actor, theater director and théâtre manager.
Jean Sarment, real name Jean Bellemère, was a French film and stage actor and a writer. He was nominated administrator of the Comédie-Française in July 1944 although he won't occupy the position.
The théâtre des Mathurins, also called Les Mathurins, is a Parisian theatre located 36, rue des Mathurins in the 8th arrondissement of Paris established in 1897.
Denis d'Inès, real name Joseph-Victor-Octave Denis, was a French actor and theatre director for some plays.. He entered the Comédie-Française in 1914, was a sociétaire from 1920 to 1953, and General administrator by intérim in 1945.
Marcelle Maurette (1903-1972) was a French playwright and screenwriter who is particularly well known for her play Anastasia (1952) which brought her international recognition, and inspired a film of the same name. It is not her only play centred on a woman with a tragic story. Many other works of hers feature historical or fictional heroines with dramatic lives. She was honoured with various awards and was a prominent French literary figure.
Marcelle Tassencourt was a French actress and theatre director.