Théâtre National de Bretagne

Last updated
Théâtre national de Bretagne
Rennes - Ecclesia Campus - Theatre National de Bretagne - conference - 1.jpg
Jean Vilar room
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Théâtre national de Bretagne
Location in France
Address Rennes
Coordinates 48°06′29″N1°40′21″W / 48.10805556°N 1.6725°W / 48.10805556; -1.6725
Capacity 2 126 (5 rooms)
Construction
Opened1990
Reopened2008
Website
http://www.t-n-b.fr

The Théâtre national de Bretagne (TNB, National Theater of Brittany) is a cultural institution established in Rennes in 1990 by combining the Centre dramatique de l'Ouest and the Maison de la Culture of Rennes. For some time it was called the "Great Eight" due to the shape of its building. [1] Its mission is centered on creation, dissemination and training at regional, national and international levels. In 2002 it attained the status of European center of dance and theater production. Its director is Arthur Nauzyciel. He also runs the school along with French actor Laurent Poitrenaux. Every year in November the TNB organizes a festival called "Le Festival du TNB" and formerly called "Mettre en scène" (staging).

Contents

Architecture

The theater is housed in the Maison de la Culture (Culture House), built in 1968 by the architects Jacques Carlu, Michel Joly and Patrick Coue. It reopened in February 2008 after three years of renovation work entrusted to the architect Antoine Stinco. [2] [3] After the renovation the building now has three theaters and two cinemas.

Antoine Stinco architect

Antoine Stinco is a French architect who specializes in construction and renovation of museums and exhibition rooms.

The Jean Vilar room is the largest of the theaters with 924-seats. The Jean-Marie Serreau room has 260 seats. In the basement, a third 120-seat venue, the Guy Parigot room, is home to rehearsals of young actors of the theater school of SBT, and is sometimes open to the public festivals. On the third floor two rooms are dedicated to art cinema: a larger one with 480 seats, and a smaller one with 92 seats. [4] On the first floor there is also a bar restaurant, "the intermission", that seats up to 250 people. [5]

Jean-Marie Serreau was a 20th-century French actor, theatre director and a former student of Charles Dullin.

History

The genesis of the Théâtre national de Bretagne dates back to 1940, when Georges Goubert and Guy Parigot founded a company of young actors. In 1948, as winner of first prize in the contest of young companies, the company went on tour through Brittany. Based on a report on the tour, Hubert Gignoux proposed a project to create a national drama center (CDN) in Brittany to Jeanne Laurent. With a grant of 8,000,000 francs from the Ministry of Education, and 2,000,000 from the city of Rennes, the Centre dramatique de l'Ouest (Drama Centre of the West) was born on 2 November 1949, the fourth CDN to emerge after the Centre dramatique de l'Est in 1946, the Comédie de Saint-Étienne in 1947 and the Grenier de Toulouse in 1949. [6]

The Centre dramatique de l'Ouest opened with Un chapeau de paille d'Italie (a straw hat from Italy) by Labiche, and was directed by Hubert Gignoux until 1957. It then began a co-management under Georges Goubert and Guy Parigot with the name Comédie de l'Ouest. [7]

In 1968 the Maison de la Culture de Rennes was created, and soon after came under common management with the Drama Centre until 31 December 1973. Between 1974 and 1980 the director of the Maison de la Culture de Rennes was Chérif Khaznadar, who developed theatrical actions in parallel. From 1 January 1975, Guy Parigot was the sole director of the Comédie de l’Ouest, renamed Théâtre du Bout du Monde" (Theater of the World's End). [7] It is hosted in late 1979 in the new theater Parcheminerie. Taking the name of Comedy of Rennes, the company found in 1981 a dual presidency, Dominique Quehec joining Guy Parigot, while Jean-Pierre Valentin became head of the House of Culture in 1982. In 1990 it was decided to merge the House of Culture and the Drama Centre and the Théâtre national de Bretagne was born, with its management entrusted to Emmanuel Véricourt.

Organization

With a status of "Société d'économie mixte", the theater has an annual budget of 11 million euros, with 3.1 million from the state, 2.9 million from the city of Rennes, and 3 million from its own revenue. [8] In 2005 it hosted 95,000 spectators with 10,000 subscribers. The audience is fairly young, with an average age of 26. [8]

Related Research Articles

Rennes Prefecture and commune in Brittany, France

Rennes is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine. Rennes is the capital of the region of Brittany, as well as the Ille-et-Vilaine department.

Jacques Gamblin French actor

Jacques Gamblin is a French actor.

Bernard Le Nail was a French writer and Breton militant. After studying commerce in Paris, he headed the promotional office of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Nantes. In 1979 he became Secretary General of the Comité d'Etude et de Liaison des Intérêts Bretons (CELIB) at Lanester. Between 1983 and 2000 he was director of the Cultural Institute of Brittany and had an important role in the conception and publication of the collection Les Bretons au-delà des mers : Explorateurs et grands voyageurs. He was also involved in the conception and publication of the following works: 500 Bretons à connaître, revising the Guide Bleu Bretagne, Guides Gallimard Bretagne, Les noms qui ont fait l’histoire de Bretagne, Dictionnaire des femmes en Bretagne, La Bretagne entre Armor et Argoat.

Arrondissement of Rennes Arrondissement in Brittany, France

The arrondissement of Rennes is an arrondissement of France in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in the Brittany region. It has 109 communes. Its population is 599,717 (2016), and its area is 2,228.4 km2 (860.4 sq mi).

Michael C.E. Jones is a British historian.

Françoise Morvan is a French writer who specialises in Breton history and culture.

Stanislas Nordey French actor and director

Stanislas Nordey is a French actor and theatre director. He is the son of actress Véronique Nordey and film director Jean-Pierre Mocky.

Éric Vigner is a French stage director, actor and scenic designer. He is directing the CDDB-Théâtre de Lorient, Centre Dramatique National from 1996 to 2015.

<i>La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime</i>

La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime was a weekly newspaper published 1935-1950 in Brittany, France. It a regional organ of the French Communist Party in Brittany.

Hoël I of Brittany was an illegitimate son of Alan II and Judith. He was Count of Nantes and Duke of Brittany from 960 to 981.

Jérôme Deschamps, born Neuilly-sur-Seine on 5 October 1947, is an actor, director and stage author, as well as a cinema actor and director associated with the Famille Deschiens troupe founded by Macha Makeïeff in 1978. In 2003 he was appointed Artistic Director of the Théâtre national de Nîmes, leaving that post for the equivalent at the Théâtre national de l'Opéra-Comique in June 2007, where he remained until 2015.

The Centre de l'Imaginaire Arthurien is a cultural centre dedicated to the Matter of Britain. It was founded in 1988 in Rennes through the influence of different specialists in Arthurian legend, local politicians, artists and writers. Since 1990 its headquarters has been at the Château de Comper in Paimpont Forest.

Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers

The Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers, also Théâtre des Amandiers, is a theatre in Nanterre and a known theatre outside of Paris. The present building opened in 1976. The company is a Centre dramatique national, a national public theatre. Artistic directors included Patrice Chéreau and Catherine Tasca (1982), Jean-Pierre Vincent (1990) and Jean-Louis Martinelli (2002). The theatre runs a film studio and an acting school which is connected to theatre studies at the Paris West University Nanterre La Défense.

Jean-Pierre Miquel was a French actor and theatre director, as well as an administrator of the Comédie française.

L'Otage is a three-act theatre play by the French author Paul Claudel, and the first one of La Trilogie des Coûfontaine.

Le Pain dur is a three-act theatre play by French author Paul Claudel, published in 1918 and the second play of La Trilogie des Coûfontaine. The play was performed in Switzerland and Canada by Ludmilla Pitoëff between 1941 and 1943.

Guerech of Brittany, was Count of Nantes and Duke of Brittany from 981 to 988.

The Order of the Ermine was originally a chivalric order of the 14th and 15th centuries in the Duchy of Brittany. The ermine is the emblem of Brittany. In the 20th century, it was revived by the Cultural Institute of Brittany as an honor for those contributing to Breton culture. It was created in 1972 to honor those who contribute to Breton culture and development. At its head is a Chancellor and two vice-chancellors: Riwanon Kervella and André Lavanant. The siege is at the Institut Culturel de Bretagne, the castle of the Ermine, Vannes.

Patrick Malrieu was a French industrial executive and a Breton music historian.

Alain Mottet was a French actor.

References

  1. "Le Grand Huit Centre dramatique national". Les Archives du Spectacle. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  2. "R.S. " Rennes retrouve sa scène "". Libération. 8 February 2008. ISSN   1298-0463.
  3. ORTF (9 February 2008). "Visite du TNB Rénové". L'Ouest en mémoire (INA). Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  4. Benoit Le Breton (9 February 2008). "Le TNB rénové, pilier d'un théâtre européen". Ouest-France . Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  5. "BAR-RESTAURANT / L'ENTRACTE" . Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  6. Blanche Le Bihan-Youinou, « La naissance du Centre dramatique de l'Ouest en 1949. Professionnalisation artistique et intervention politique Archived 2011-09-08 at the Wayback Machine », in, revue ATALA #9, mars 2006
  7. 1 2 "Historique du TNB". Archived from the original on 12 November 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  8. 1 2 Benoit Le Breton, « Le TNB rénové, pilier d'un théâtre européen », Ouest-France, 9 février 2008

Further reading