Théâtre National de Bretagne

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Théâtre national de Bretagne
Rennes - Ecclesia Campus - Theatre National de Bretagne - conference - 1.jpg
Jean Vilar room
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Théâtre national de Bretagne
Location in France
Address Rennes
Coordinates 48°06′29″N1°40′21″W / 48.10805556°N 1.6725°W / 48.10805556; -1.6725
Capacity 2 126 (5 rooms)

The Théâtre national de Bretagne (TNB, National Theater of Brittany) is a cultural institution established in Rennes in 1990 by combining the Centre dramatique de l'Ouest and the Maison de la Culture of Rennes. For some time it was called the "Great Eight" due to the shape of its building. [1] Its mission is centered on creation, dissemination and training at regional, national and international levels. In 2002 it attained the status of European center of dance and theater production. Its director is Arthur Nauzyciel. He also runs the school along with French actor Laurent Poitrenaux. Every year in November the TNB organizes a festival called "Le Festival du TNB" and formerly called "Mettre en scène" (staging).



The theater is housed in the Maison de la Culture (Culture House), built in 1968 by the architects Jacques Carlu, Michel Joly and Patrick Coue. It reopened in February 2008 after three years of renovation work entrusted to the architect Antoine Stinco. [2] [3] After the renovation the building now has three theaters and two cinemas.

Antoine Stinco architect

Antoine Stinco is a French architect who specializes in construction and renovation of museums and exhibition rooms.

The Jean Vilar room is the largest of the theaters with 924-seats. The Jean-Marie Serreau room has 260 seats. In the basement, a third 120-seat venue, the Guy Parigot room, is home to rehearsals of young actors of the theater school of SBT, and is sometimes open to the public festivals. On the third floor two rooms are dedicated to art cinema: a larger one with 480 seats, and a smaller one with 92 seats. [4] On the first floor there is also a bar restaurant, "the intermission", that seats up to 250 people. [5]

Jean-Marie Serreau was a 20th-century French actor, theatre director and a former student of Charles Dullin.


The genesis of the Théâtre national de Bretagne dates back to 1940, when Georges Goubert and Guy Parigot founded a company of young actors. In 1948, as winner of first prize in the contest of young companies, the company went on tour through Brittany. Based on a report on the tour, Hubert Gignoux proposed a project to create a national drama center (CDN) in Brittany to Jeanne Laurent. With a grant of 8,000,000 francs from the Ministry of Education, and 2,000,000 from the city of Rennes, the Centre dramatique de l'Ouest (Drama Centre of the West) was born on 2 November 1949, the fourth CDN to emerge after the Centre dramatique de l'Est in 1946, the Comédie de Saint-Étienne in 1947 and the Grenier de Toulouse in 1949. [6]

The Centre dramatique de l'Ouest opened with Un chapeau de paille d'Italie (a straw hat from Italy) by Labiche, and was directed by Hubert Gignoux until 1957. It then began a co-management under Georges Goubert and Guy Parigot with the name Comédie de l'Ouest. [7]

In 1968 the Maison de la Culture de Rennes was created, and soon after came under common management with the Drama Centre until 31 December 1973. Between 1974 and 1980 the director of the Maison de la Culture de Rennes was Chérif Khaznadar, who developed theatrical actions in parallel. From 1 January 1975, Guy Parigot was the sole director of the Comédie de l’Ouest, renamed Théâtre du Bout du Monde" (Theater of the World's End). [7] It is hosted in late 1979 in the new theater Parcheminerie. Taking the name of Comedy of Rennes, the company found in 1981 a dual presidency, Dominique Quehec joining Guy Parigot, while Jean-Pierre Valentin became head of the House of Culture in 1982. In 1990 it was decided to merge the House of Culture and the Drama Centre and the Théâtre national de Bretagne was born, with its management entrusted to Emmanuel Véricourt.


With a status of "Société d'économie mixte", the theater has an annual budget of 11 million euros, with 3.1 million from the state, 2.9 million from the city of Rennes, and 3 million from its own revenue. [8] In 2005 it hosted 95,000 spectators with 10,000 subscribers. The audience is fairly young, with an average age of 26. [8]

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  1. "Le Grand Huit Centre dramatique national". Les Archives du Spectacle. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  2. "R.S. " Rennes retrouve sa scène "". Libération. 8 February 2008. ISSN   1298-0463.
  3. ORTF (9 February 2008). "Visite du TNB Rénové". L'Ouest en mémoire (INA). Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  4. Benoit Le Breton (9 February 2008). "Le TNB rénové, pilier d'un théâtre européen". Ouest-France . Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  5. "BAR-RESTAURANT / L'ENTRACTE" . Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  6. Blanche Le Bihan-Youinou, « La naissance du Centre dramatique de l'Ouest en 1949. Professionnalisation artistique et intervention politique Archived 2011-09-08 at the Wayback Machine », in, revue ATALA #9, mars 2006
  7. 1 2 "Historique du TNB". Archived from the original on 12 November 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  8. 1 2 Benoit Le Breton, « Le TNB rénové, pilier d'un théâtre européen », Ouest-France, 9 février 2008

Further reading