Théâtre Pigalle

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Théâtre Pigalle
1946 La troupe de Huon de Bordeaux.jpg
A 1946 production of Huon de Bordeaux
at the Théâtre Pigalle
featuring Jean Mercure and René Arrieu
Address 10-12 rue Pigalle
9th. Paris
Paris
Coordinates 48°52′43″N2°19′58″E / 48.8787°N 2.3328°E / 48.8787; 2.3328
Owner Henri de Rothschild
Capacity 1100
Opened 1929
Closed 1948

The Théâtre Pigalle was a theatre in Paris, located in the rue Pigalle in the ninth arrondissement.

Contents

History

Opened on June 20, 1929, financed by Philippe de Rothschild on the estate of his father Henri de Rothschild, the Rothschilds' ambition was to construct the most modern theatre in the world. The architects, Charles Siclis, Henri Just and Pierre Blum, were sent through Europe to research the latest technical developments in theatre design. Graphic artist Jean Carlu designed two well-known posters emphasizing its machine-age image.

Philippe de Rothschild Wine grower and auto racer

Philippe, Baron de Rothschild was a member of the Rothschild banking dynasty who became a Grand Prix race-car driver, a screenwriter and playwright, a theatrical producer, a film producer, a poet, and one of the most successful wine growers in the world.

Henri de Rothschild French dramatist and playwright

Henri James Nathaniel Charles, Baron de Rothschild was a French playwright who wrote under the pen names André Pascal, Charles des Fontaines, and P.-L. Naveau. He was also qualified as a physician, a philanthropist, and an entrepreneur.

Jean Carlu French artist

Jean Carlu was a French graphic designer, specialised in posters. He was member of a family of architects; his brother Jacques Carlu for example designed the Palais de Chaillot in Paris. He made posters during World War II to promote an increase in American production.

André Antoine was hired as art director, and Gabriel Astruc as manager. Antoine was replaced after two years with Gaston Baty following a disagreement with Rothschild.

André Antoine French actor (1858–1943)

André Antoine was a French actor, theatre manager, film director, author, and critic who is considered the father of modern mise en scène in France.

Gabriel Astruc French writer

Gabriel Astruc was a French journalist, agent, promoter, theatre manager, theatrical impresario, and playwright whose career connects many of the best-known incidents and personalities of Belle Epoque Paris.

Gaston Baty, whose full name was Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Gaston Baty, was a French playwright and theatre director. His stage adaptation of Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary was presented in an English translation on Broadway in 1937. Constance Cummings played the title role. Baty is also the author of a play entitled Dulcinea, which has been filmed twice and produced on television in 1989. It is an original play that takes its inspiration from Miguel de Cervantes's great novel Don Quixote and uses some of its characters. The second film version, made in 1963, starred Millie Perkins as Dulcinea, and was released in the U.S. as The Girl from La Mancha. He wrote Vie de l'art théatral, des origines a nos jours in 1932 with René Chavance.

The 1500-seat venue opened with Sacha Guitry's piece, Histories of France. The great German impresario Max Reinhardt staged a production of Die Fleidermaus here in November 1933 [1] Through the 1930s and the war, directors and performers here included Louis Jouvet (the 1931 premiere of Judith written by Jean Giraudoux), the brothers Émile Isola and Vincent Isola, Raymond Rouleau, and many others. Although the venue had been "furnished with four elevators, an immense switchboard, and a vast amount of complicated theatrical machinery", [2] Jouvet, for one, found it challenging to make it work theatrically.

Sacha Guitry French dramatist and playwright

Alexandre-Pierre Georges "Sacha" Guitry was a French stage actor, film actor, director, screenwriter, and playwright of the Boulevard theatre. He was the son of a leading French actor, Lucien Guitry, and followed his father into the theatrical profession. He became known for his stage performances, often in boulevardier roles, in the many plays he wrote, of which there were more than 120. He was married five times, always to rising actresses whose careers he furthered. Probably his best-known wife was Yvonne Printemps to whom he was married between 1919 and 1932.

Max Reinhardt Theatre director, actor

Max Reinhardt was an Austrian-born theatre and film director, intendant, and theatrical producer. With his innovative stage productions, he is regarded as one of the most prominent directors of German-language theatre in the early 20th century. In 1920, he established the Salzburg Festival with the performance of Hofmannsthal's Jedermann.

Louis Jouvet French actor

Jules Eugène Louis Jouvet was a French actor, director, and theatre director.

After the failure of Claude Vermorel's Thermidor in 1948, the theatre closed its doors. The site was sold in 1958, and an automobile garage built on the site.

Sources

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References

  1. Meyer Weisgal ... so far: an autobiography By Meyer Wolfe Weisgal, page 117
  2. Louis Jouvet, man of the theatre, Bettina Liebowitz Knapp