Théâtre de Paris

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Théâtre de Paris
Nouveau-Théâtre (1891–1918 )
Théâtre Réjane (1906–1918)

Théâtre Moderne
Petit Théâtre de Paris
Theatre de Paris, 15 rue Blanche, Paris 9.jpg
Address 15 rue Blanche
Paris
Coordinates 48°52′43″N2°19′53″E / 48.878603°N 2.331506°E / 48.878603; 2.331506 Coordinates: 48°52′43″N2°19′53″E / 48.878603°N 2.331506°E / 48.878603; 2.331506
Type theatre
Capacity 1,100 (plus 300)
Opened 1891
Website
www.theatredeparis.com

The Théâtre de Paris is a theatre located at 15, rue Blanche in the 9th arrondissement of Paris. It includes a second smaller venue, the Petit Théâtre de Paris.

9th arrondissement of Paris French municipal arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The 9th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.

Contents

History

The first theatre on the site was built by the Duke of Richelieu in 1730. Baron Ogny bought it in 1779 and renamed it Folie-Richelieu. Then during the First Empire it was directed by Fortunée Hamelin, a celebrated member of the Merveilleuses ("marvelous women") of the Directoire era.

Armand de Vignerot du Plessis French diplomat

Louis François Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, 3rd Duke of Richelieu, was a French soldier, diplomat and statesman. He joined the army and participated in three major wars. He eventually rose to the rank of Marshal of France.

First French Empire Empire of Napoleon I of France between 1804–1815

The First French Empire, officially the French Empire, was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. Although France had already established an overseas colonial empire beginning in the 17th century, the French state had remained a kingdom under the Bourbons and a republic after the Revolution. Historians refer to Napoleon's regime as the First Empire to distinguish it from the restorationist Second Empire (1852–1870) ruled by his nephew as Napoleon III.

French Directory Executive power of the French Constitution of 1795-1799

The Directory or Directorate was a five-member committee which governed France from 2 November 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety, until 9 November 1799, when it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, and replaced by the French Consulate. It gave its name to the final four years of the French Revolution.

Fortunee Hamelin, first of a line of women to run the theatre. Painting by Andrea Appiani (1798) Madame Hamelin by Andrea Appiani, musee Carnavalet 02.jpg
Fortunée Hamelin, first of a line of women to run the theatre. Painting by Andrea Appiani (1798)

In 1811, the Folie-Richelieu was transformed into a park, then demolished completely in 1851 in the redevelopment under Baron Haussmann. It became the site of the church of Sainte-Trinité de Paris with part of the site becoming a roller skating rink. In 1880, using plans by the architects Aimé Sauffroy and Ferdinand Grémailly, part of the rink became the Palace Théâtre and, after a further restoration in 1891 by Édouard Niermans, the Casino de Paris. After that, the rest of the rink, near the present rue Blanche, was demolished to make way for the Nouveau-Théâtre.

Roller skating traveling with roller skates

Roller skating is the traveling on surfaces with roller skates. It is a form of recreational activity as well as a sport, and can also be a form of transportation. In fact, as the United States readied for World War II, the government entertained the notion to add roller skates as essential equipment to move infantry around Europe to save gas. Skates generally come in three basic varieties: quad roller skates, inline skates or blades and tri-skates, though some have experimented with a single-wheeled "quintessence skate" or other variations on the basic skate design. In America, this hobby was most popular first between 1935 and the early 1960s and then in the 1970s, when polyurethane wheels were created and disco music oriented roller rinks were the rage and then again in the 1990s when in-line outdoor roller skating, thanks to the improvement made to inline roller skates in 1981 by Scott Olson, took hold.

Édouard Niermans (architect) French architect

Édouard-Jean Niermans was a famous Dutch-born French architect during the Belle Époque.

Casino de Paris theater

The Casino de Paris, located at 16, rue de Clichy, in the 9th arrondissement, is one of the well known music halls of Paris, with a history dating back to the 18th century. Contrary to what the name might suggest, it is a performance venue, not a gambling house. The closest métro/RER stations are Liège, Trinité – d'Estienne d'Orves, and Haussmann – Saint-Lazare.

Gabrielle Rejane, photograph by Nadar Nadar, Felix - Gabrielle Rejane (1856-1920).jpg
Gabrielle Réjane, photograph by Nadar

The first director of the Nouveau-Théâtre, actor and stage director Lugné-Poe, an associate of André Antoine, introduced the Norwegian Henrik Ibsen and the Swedish August Strindberg to Parisian audiences, before leaving to found the Théâtre de l'Œuvre in 1893.

Lugné-Poe actor and director

Aurélien-Marie Lugné, known by his stage-name and pen name Lugné-Poe, was a French actor, theatre director, and scenic designer best known for his work at the Théâtre de l'Œuvre, one of the first theatrical venues in France to provide a home for the artists of the symbolist movement at the end of the nineteenth century. Most notably, Lugné-Poe introduced French audiences to the Scandinavian playwrights August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen.

André Antoine French actor (1858–1943)

André Antoine was a French actor, theatre manager, film director, author, and critic who is considered the father of modern mise en scène in France.

Henrik Ibsen Norwegian playwright and theatre director

Henrik Johan Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. As one of the founders of Modernism in theatre, Ibsen is often referred to as "the father of realism" and one of the most influential playwrights of his time. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken, Pillars of Society, The Lady from the Sea, Rosmersholm, The Master Builder, and John Gabriel Borkman. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and by the early 20th century A Doll's House became the world's most performed play.

In 1906, the actress Gabrielle Réjane bought the theater, renovated it and gave it a new name, the Théâtre Réjane. She produced among other works the French premiere of L'oiseau bleu by Maurice Maeterlinck in 1911 and successfully played her signature role of Madame Sans-Gêne by Victorien Sardou at the theatre.

Gabrielle Réjane French actress

Gabrielle-Charlotte Reju, known professionally under the stage name Gabrielle Réjane, was a successful French stage actress and early silent film actress.

<i>The Blue Bird</i> (play) play by Maurice Maeterlinck

The Blue Bird is a 1908 play by Belgian playwright and poet Maurice Maeterlinck. It premiered on 30 September 1908 at Konstantin Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre, and was presented on Broadway in 1910. The play has been adapted for several films and a TV series. The French composer Albert Wolff wrote an opera based on Maeterlinck's original play, and Maeterlinck's innamorata Georgette Leblanc produced a novelization.

Maurice Maeterlinck Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist

Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1911 "in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations". The main themes in his work are death and the meaning of life. His plays form an important part of the Symbolist movement.

The producer Léon Volterra bought the hall in 1918, and on 12 August 1919, he inaugurated the Théâtre de Paris, Réjane having stipulated in the sales contract that the theater could not retain her name. Volterra ran the theatre until 1948, when it was taken over by Marcel Karsenty and the comedian Pierre Dux. The actress and director Elvira Popescu took over in 1955 along with Hubert de Mallet, managing it for ten years, before she left to the Théâtre Marigny.

Pierre Dux actor

Pierre Dux was a French stage director, stage actor, and film actor. He appeared in 50 films between 1932 and 1990.

Elvira Popescu Romanian-born French stage and movie actress and theatre director

Elvira Popescu was a Romanian-French stage and movie actress and theatre director. During the 1930s and 1940s she starred in a number of French comedy films.

Théâtre Marigny

The Théâtre Marigny is a theatre in Paris, situated near the junction of the Champs-Élysées and the Avenue Marigny in the 8th arrondissement.

Under Alain de Leseleuc (1965–1975) and Robert Hossein (1975–1990) the theatre specialized in musical works, particularly Offenbach operettas and opéras-bouffes, such as La Périchole directed by Maurice Lehmann, La belle Hélène directed by Jérôme Savary, and Le pont des soupirs directed by Jean-Michel Ribes. It also produced musicals like Starmania and Cats .

Since January 2002, Stéphane Hillel has been artistic director of both theatres.

Petit Théâtre de Paris

Elvira Popescu created a second venue with 300 seats, converted from costume workshops, which she first called the Théâtre Moderne before renaming it the Petit Théâtre de Paris. This second theatre is still functioning.

Premières and notable productions

Nouveau-Théâtre

Théâtre Réjane

Théâtre de Paris

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References

  1. Fortune and Whenham, "Modern editions and performances" pp. 173–181
This article includes information translated from the French Wikipedia equivalent.