Théâtre de la Cité-Variétés

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Interior view of the Theatre de la Cite Theatre de la Cite - Vue interieure - Kaufmann 1837 plate17 GB-Princeton.jpg
Interior view of the Théâtre de la Cité

The Théâtre de la Cité-Variétés, also known simply as the Théâtre de la Cité, was an entertainment venue now demolished, located in the former rue Saint-Barthélemy, now the Boulevard du Palais  (fr ), on the Île de la Cité in the modern 4th arrondissement of Paris. The theatre had a capacity of 1,800–2,000 spectators. [1]

Île de la Cité island in the river Seine, Paris, France

The Île de la Cité is one of two remaining natural islands in the Seine within the city of Paris. It is the centre of Paris and the location where the medieval city was refounded.

4th arrondissement of Paris French municipal arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The 4th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as quatrième.

Contents

History

Built by the architect Nicolas Lenoir  (fr ) (who also designed the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin) on the site of the Église Saint-Barthélemy, which façade it retained, the hall was inaugurated on 20 October 1792. [2] From October 1792 to November 1793 it was named Théâtre du Palais-Variétés [2] because of its proximity to the Palais de Justice. The venue was later renamed Théâtre de la Cité-Variétés.

Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin theater

The Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin is a venerable theatre and opera house at 18, Boulevard Saint-Martin in the 10th arrondissement of Paris.

Palais de Justice, Paris courthouse in Paris

The Palais de Justice, formerly the Palais de la Cité, is located on the Boulevard du Palais in the Île de la Cité in central Paris, France.

From October 1792 to May 1800 the theatre was managed by Nicolas Lenoir, also known as Lenoir du Romain, and his nephew, known as Lenoir de Saint-Edme. Thereafter, it had a number of different managers, including Nicolas Cammaille-Saint-Aubin (May 1800 – February 1801), César Ribié and Louis Ferville (3 February – August 1801), Lenoir de Saint-Edme (November 1802 – September 1803, 23 October 1803 – June 1805), and an association of actors under the direction of Jean-François de Brémond de la Rochenard, dit Beaulieu (4 August 1805 – September 1806). The repertory included comedies, comédies-vaudevilles , melodramas, patriotic scenes, opéras-bouffes , opéras-folies , opéras-comiques , ballets-pantomimes , and pantomimes. [2] [3]

Nicolas Cammaille-Saint-Aubin was a French playwright français.

Louis-François Ribié, also known as César Ribié, was a French actor and theatre manager.

From 16 November to 6 December 1801 a German troupe known as the Théâtre Mozart, directed by Haselmayer and the bass Elmenreich, presented the first operas to be performed in German in Paris: [4] Die Entführung aus dem Serail by Mozart (16 November), [5] Das rothe Käppchen by Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf (21 November), [6] Das Neusonntagskind by Wenzel Müller (25 November), [7] Der Spiegel von Arkadien by Franz Xaver Süssmayr (29 November), [8] Der Tiroler Wastel by Jakob Haibel (30 November), [9] and Das Sonnenfest der Braminen by Müller (3 December). [10] The conductor of the French orchestra was Frédéric Blasius, who came from a German family. [11]

<i>Die Entführung aus dem Serail</i> opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Die Entführung aus dem Serail is an opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The German libretto is by Gottlieb Stephanie, based on Christoph Friedrich Bretzner's Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail. The plot concerns the attempt of the hero Belmonte, assisted by his servant Pedrillo, to rescue his beloved Konstanze from the seraglio of Pasha Selim. The work premiered on 16 July 1782 at the Vienna Burgtheater, with the composer conducting.

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf was an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.

Wenzel Müller composer

Wenzel Müller was an Austrian composer and conductor.

Other groups sometimes used the theatre on the odd nights, when the resident company was not performing. From 11 June to 1 October 1799, the artists of the Odéon (destroyed by fire on 18 March) found sanctuary at the Cité. Beginning on 22 January 1804 the artists of the Théâtre Olympique on the Rue de la Victoire performed at the Cité for one year. From 22 January 1804 to 4 June 1807 the troupe of the Variétés-Montansier, evicted from their theatre at the Palais-Royal, appeared at the Cité. [2]

Napoleon's decree on the theatres of 29 July 1807 condemned the Théâtre de la Cité to oblivion. The final performance was on 10 August 1807. [2]

On 10 thermidor year 15, Napoleon I of France signed a decree reducing the number of theatres in Paris to eight, giving the force of law to a decree of the interior minister of 25 April that same year. This measure cut short an expansion in theatres.

Bal du Prado

Lenoir constructed a ballroom on the site in January 1809, which in 1846 took the name Bal du Prado, itself razed in 1859 to allow for the construction of the tribunal de commerce de Paris  (fr ). [2]

See also

Notes

  1. Donnet 1821, p. 257.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Wild 1989, pp. 86–89.
  3. Lecomte 1910, pp. 4–203.
  4. Wild 1989, p. 87; Loewenberg 1978, column 483; Lecomte 1910, p. 238; Castil-Blaze 1856, pp. 468–469 ("Opéra allemand"), incorrectly gives the year as 1802 per Loewenberg; Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung , vol. 4, no. 20 (10 February 1802), columns 320–323 ("Fortsetzung der Briefe eines deutschen Künstlers in Paris").
  5. Loewenberg 1978, column 394.
  6. Loewenberg 1978, column 481.
  7. Loewenberg 1978, column 510.
  8. Loewenberg 1978, column 516.
  9. Loewenberg 1978, column 526. Wild and Lecomte mistakenly identify the composer as Daniel Steibelt.
  10. Loewenberg 1978, column 483.
  11. Wild 1989, p. 87; Castil-Blaze 1856, p. 468.

Bibliography

Coordinates: 48°51′21″N2°20′48″E / 48.8559°N 2.34654°E / 48.8559; 2.34654

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