The Théâtre de la Cité-Variétés, also known simply as the Théâtre de la Cité, was an entertainment venue now demolished, located in the former rue Saint-Barthélemy, now the Boulevard du Palais, on the Île de la Cité in the modern 4th arrondissement of Paris. The theatre had a capacity of 1,800–2,000 spectators.
The Île de la Cité is one of two remaining natural islands in the Seine within the city of Paris. It is the centre of Paris and the location where the medieval city was refounded.
The 4th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as quatrième.
Built by the architect Nicolas Lenoir(who also designed the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin) on the site of the Église Saint-Barthélemy, which façade it retained, the hall was inaugurated on 20 October 1792. From October 1792 to November 1793 it was named Théâtre du Palais-Variétés because of its proximity to the Palais de Justice. The venue was later renamed Théâtre de la Cité-Variétés.
The Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin is a venerable theatre and opera house at 18, Boulevard Saint-Martin in the 10th arrondissement of Paris.
The Palais de Justice, formerly the Palais de la Cité, is located on the Boulevard du Palais in the Île de la Cité in central Paris, France.
From October 1792 to May 1800 the theatre was managed by Nicolas Lenoir, also known as Lenoir du Romain, and his nephew, known as Lenoir de Saint-Edme. Thereafter, it had a number of different managers, including Nicolas Cammaille-Saint-Aubin (May 1800 – February 1801), César Ribié and Louis Ferville (3 February – August 1801), Lenoir de Saint-Edme (November 1802 – September 1803, 23 October 1803 – June 1805), and an association of actors under the direction of Jean-François de Brémond de la Rochenard, dit Beaulieu (4 August 1805 – September 1806). The repertory included comedies, comédies-vaudevilles , melodramas, patriotic scenes, opéras-bouffes , opéras-folies , opéras-comiques , ballets-pantomimes , and pantomimes.
Nicolas Cammaille-Saint-Aubin was a French playwright français.
Louis-François Ribié, also known as César Ribié, was a French actor and theatre manager.
From 16 November to 6 December 1801 a German troupe known as the Théâtre Mozart, directed by Haselmayer and the bass Elmenreich, presented the first operas to be performed in German in Paris:Die Entführung aus dem Serail by Mozart (16 November), Das rothe Käppchen by Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf (21 November), Das Neusonntagskind by Wenzel Müller (25 November), Der Spiegel von Arkadien by Franz Xaver Süssmayr (29 November), Der Tiroler Wastel by Jakob Haibel (30 November), and Das Sonnenfest der Braminen by Müller (3 December). The conductor of the French orchestra was Frédéric Blasius, who came from a German family.
Die Entführung aus dem Serail is an opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The German libretto is by Gottlieb Stephanie, based on Christoph Friedrich Bretzner's Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail. The plot concerns the attempt of the hero Belmonte, assisted by his servant Pedrillo, to rescue his beloved Konstanze from the seraglio of Pasha Selim. The work premiered on 16 July 1782 at the Vienna Burgtheater, with the composer conducting.
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf was an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.
Wenzel Müller was an Austrian composer and conductor.
Other groups sometimes used the theatre on the odd nights, when the resident company was not performing. From 11 June to 1 October 1799, the artists of the Odéon (destroyed by fire on 18 March) found sanctuary at the Cité. Beginning on 22 January 1804 the artists of the Théâtre Olympique on the Rue de la Victoire performed at the Cité for one year. From 22 January 1804 to 4 June 1807 the troupe of the Variétés-Montansier, evicted from their theatre at the Palais-Royal, appeared at the Cité.
Napoleon's decree on the theatres of 29 July 1807 condemned the Théâtre de la Cité to oblivion. The final performance was on 10 August 1807.
On 10 thermidor year 15, Napoleon I of France signed a decree reducing the number of theatres in Paris to eight, giving the force of law to a decree of the interior minister of 25 April that same year. This measure cut short an expansion in theatres.
Lenoir constructed a ballroom on the site in January 1809, which in 1846 took the name Bal du Prado, itself razed in 1859 to allow for the construction of the tribunal de commerce de Paris.
Henri Meilhac was a French dramatist and opera librettist.
The Palais-Royal, originally called the Palais-Cardinal, is a former royal palace located in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France. The screened entrance court faces the Place du Palais-Royal, opposite the Louvre. In 1830 the larger inner courtyard of the palace, the Cour d'Honneur, was enclosed to the north by what was probably the most famous of Paris's covered arcades, the Galerie d'Orléans. Demolished in the 1930s, its flanking rows of columns still stand between the Cour d'Honneur and the popular Palais-Royal Gardens.
Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, French playwright, was born and died in Paris. He was one of the most prolific librettists of the 19th century, often working in collaboration with others.
Edmond Gondinet was a French playwright and librettist. This author, nearly forgotten today, produced forty plays of which several were successful. He collaborated with Alphonse Daudet and Eugène Labiche, among others.
François Antoine Habeneck was a French classical violinist and conductor.
Jules Adenis was a 19th-century French playwright and opera librettist. Some of his works include Un postillon en gage (1856) Sylvie (1864), and La grand'tante (1867).
François-Henri-Joseph Blaze, known as Castil-Blaze, was a French musicologist, music critic, composer, and music editor.
Comédie-Italienne or Théâtre-Italien are French names which have been used to refer to Italian-language theatre and opera when performed in France.
The Boulevard du Temple, formerly nicknamed the "Boulevard du Crime", is a thoroughfare in Paris that separates the 3rd arrondissement from the 11th. It runs from the Place de la République to the Place Pasdeloup, and its name refers to the nearby Knights Templars' Temple where they established their Paris priory.
The Théâtre du Palais-Royal is a 750-seat Parisian theatre at 38 rue de Montpensier, located at the northwest corner of the Palais-Royal in the Galerie de Montpensier at its intersection with the Galerie de Beaujolais.
L'attaque du moulin is a drame lyrique (opera) in four acts by the French composer Alfred Bruneau. The libretto, by Louis Gallet with the collaboration of Émile Zola, is based on a short story by Zola. Zola's story is about the Franco-Prussian War, but the setting of the opera was changed to the period of the French Revolution.
The Théâtre National de la rue de la Loi was a Parisian theatre located across from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France on the rue de la Loi, which was the name of the rue de Richelieu from 1793 to 1806. The theatre was built by the actress and theatre manageress Mademoiselle Montansier, and opened on 15 August 1793. It was designed by the architect Victor Louis and had a capacity of 2,300 spectators. The theatre was demolished in 1820, and its former site is now the Square Louvois.
Léon Battu was a French dramatist, born 1829 in Paris, where he died on 22 November 1857.
Pierre-Paul-Désiré Siraudin was a French playwright and librettist.
Alfred Delacour or Alfred-Charlemagne Delacour, real name Pierre-Alfred Lartigue, was a 19th-century French playwright and librettist.
Lambert-Thiboust was a 19th-century French playwright.
Sewrin, real name Charles-Augustin Bassompierre, was a French playwright and goguettier. In addition to his writing of comedies, opéras-comiques, vaudevilles and songs, he also was a librettist for François Adrien Boieldieu, Ferdinand Hérold and Luigi Cherubini
Raymond Deslandes, called Raimond Deslandes, was a 19th-century French journalist, playwright and theater manager.
Charles de La Rounat, real name Aimé-Nicolas-Charles Rouvenat, was a 19th-century French writer, playwright, journalist and theatre director.
Antoine-Jean Bourlin, better known as Dumaniant, was a French comedian, playwright and goguettier.