|Address|| Tulle |
Anatole de Baudot
The Théâtre des Sept Collines (Theater of the Seven Hills) or Théâtre de Tulle is the municipal theater in the city of Tulle, Corrèze, France. It has an innovative reinforced concrete structure, the first such theater to be built. In 1932 it was converted into a cinema, but starting in 1994 was restored as a theater.
Tulle is a commune in central France. It is the capital of the department of Corrèze, in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is also the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tulle. It is the third-largest town in the former region of Limousin, after Limoges and Brive-la-Gaillarde.
Tulle was served by a theater in part of the Abbey of Saint Martin for over sixty years until 1890, but the building had too many disadvantages to continue to be used for performances. The idea of building a new theater in Tulle is attributed to Jean-Baptiste Tavé (1856-1925), a lawyer and radical deputy. After being elected mayor of Tulle in 1892, he became committed to completing the project.
During a meeting of 30 November 1894, the municipal council of Tulle approved construction of a theater on the Quai de la République, on the Corrèze River.The new Théâtre de Tulle was built between 1899 and 1902 on the site formerly occupied by a 17th-century Jesuit chapel.
The architects were Joseph Auberty and Anatole de Baudot, architect of the recently built Lycée Edmond Perrier in Tulle.Anatole de Baudot was a believer in the school of rationalist architecture launched by his teacher, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, whose influence he freely acknowledged. To avoid the risk of fire, De Baudot proposed an innovative structure using the Paul Cottancin's reinforced concrete construction method. This was the first theater to be built of reinforced cement.
Joseph-Eugène-Anatole de Baudot was a French architect and a pioneer of reinforced-concrete construction. He was a prolific author, architect for diocesan buildings, architect for historical monuments, and a professor of architecture. He is known for the church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre in Paris, the first to be built using concrete reinforced with steel rods and wire mesh.
The Lycée Edmond Perrier is a general and technical secondary education institution, located in Tulle, Correze. It is dedicated to zoologist Edmond Perrier, born in Tulle in 1844. It was built by Anatole de Baudot, and has many similarities with the Lycée Lakanal, due to the same architect. His motto is "Sint rupes virtutis iter", identical to that of Tulle which means "The difficulties are the path of virtue".
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution. His major restoration projects included Notre-Dame Cathedral, the Basilica of Saint Denis, Mont Saint-Michel, Sainte-Chapelle, and the medieval walls of the city of Carcassonne. His later writings on the relationship between form and function in architecture had a notable influence on a new generation of architects, including Antoni Gaudí, Victor Horta, and Louis Sullivan.
The theater was an Italian-style room with three narrow balconies. There was an entrance hall, above which was a foyer.The facade was polychrome, incorporating sandstone, limestone, ceramics, colored glass and brick.
In 1932, the municipality decided to transform the theatre into a cinema. The Eden operated from 1934 to 1988. The Parisian architect Dubreuil removed the original three balconies to make room for two broader and deeper balconies. The original reinforced cement roof was covered in the classic slate roof that is seen today.
It was decided to convert the building back to its original purpose, with the job assigned to the architects Larrouy, Sicre and Hervé David and the designer Bernard Guillaumot. The changes made to the interior in 1932 were removed. A new concrete structure was installed inside that matched the exterior of the building, which was unchanged since the time of Anatole de Baudot. The two balconies were modified to leave only one spanning the theater. The stage opening, which was 6 by 6 metres (20 by 20 ft) was increased to 11 by 8 metres (36 by 26 ft), with a depth of 13 metres (43 ft), allowing almost any type of show to be staged. The theater was renovated with financial assistance of 50% from the state and 30% from the region. It reopened in 1994.
Corrèze is a department in south-western France, named after the river Corrèze which runs though it. Its capital is Tulle, and its most populated town is Brive-la-Gaillarde.
Auguste Perret was a French architect and a pioneer of the architectural use of reinforced concrete. His major works include the Théatre des Champs-Élysées, the first Art Deco building in Paris; the Church of Notre-Dame du Raincy (1922–23); the Mobilier Nationale in Paris (1937); and the French Economic, Social and Environmental Council building in Paris (1937–39). After World War II he designed a group of buildings in the centre of the port city of Le Havre, including St. Joseph's Church, Le Havre. to replace buildings destroyed by bombing during World War II. His reconstruction of the city is now a World Heritage Site.
Eugène Freyssinet was a French structural and civil engineer. He was the major pioneer of prestressed concrete.
The École Spéciale d'Architecture is a private school for architecture at 254, boulevard Raspail in Paris, France.
Rambouillet is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located on the outskirts of Paris, 44.3 km (27.5 mi) southwest from the centre. Rambouillet is a sub-prefecture of the department.
Limousin is a former administrative region of France. On 1 January 2016, it became part of the new region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It comprised three departments: Corrèze, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne.
Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, central France. Beaulieu is a medieval city, originally dominated by its great abbey of St Pierre, of which only the abbey church remains. On 1 January 2019, the former commune Brivezac was merged into Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne.
Seilhac is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.
The Church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre is located at 19 Rue des Abbesses in the 18th arrondissement of Paris.
The Maquis du Limousin was one of the largest Maquis groups of French resistance fighters.
Alexandre Bigot was a French ceramicist. He was primarily a ceramics manufacturer; producing the designs of many artists and architects of the French Art Nouveau movement; including: Jules Lavirotte, Hector Guimard, Louis Majorelle, Henri Sauvage, Henry van de Velde, Auguste Perret, Andre Arfidson, Anatole de Baudot and more.
The PO Corrèze (POC) is a former metre-gauge railway in the Corrèze department in central France. The concession was granted to the Chemin de Fer de Paris à Orléans (PO) and constructed by the Société de Construction des Batignolles. Together with the Chemin de Fer du Blanc-Argent and the Blois à Saint Aignan, they formed the metre-gauge network of the PO.
The Cité de Carcassonne is a medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne, in the department of Aude, Occitanie region. It is located on a hill on the right bank of the River Aude, in the south-east part of the city proper.
Paul Cottancin was a French engineer and a pioneer in the use of reinforced brickwork and concrete. He is known for the church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre in Paris, which he designed in collaboration with the architect Anatole de Baudot.
The Lycée Victor-Hugo is a secondary school in the 3rd arrondissement, Paris, France.
The architecture of Paris created during the Belle Époque, between 1871 and the beginning of the First World War in 1914, was notable for its variety of different styles, from neo-Byzantine and neo-Gothic to classicism, Art Nouveau and Art Deco. It was also known for its lavish decoration and its imaginative use of both new and traditional materials, including iron, plate glass, colored tile and reinforced concrete. Notable buildings and structures of the period include the Eiffel Tower, the Grand Palais, the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, the Gare de Lyon, the Bon Marché department store, and the entries of the stations of the Paris Metro designed by Hector Guimard.