Théâtre des Sept Collines

Last updated
Théâtre des Sept Collines
Theatre tulle.jpg
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Théâtre des Sept Collines
Location within France
Address Tulle
France
Coordinates 45°16′00″N1°46′15″E / 45.266787°N 1.770786°E / 45.266787; 1.770786
Construction
Opened1902
ArchitectJoseph Auberty
Anatole de Baudot
Website
septcollines.com

The Théâtre des Sept Collines (Theater of the Seven Hills) or Théâtre de Tulle is the municipal theater in the city of Tulle, Corrèze, France. It has an innovative reinforced concrete structure, the first such theater to be built. In 1932 it was converted into a cinema, but starting in 1994 was restored as a theater.

Contents

Origins

Tulle was served by a theater in part of the Abbey of Saint Martin for over sixty years until 1890, but the building had too many disadvantages to continue to be used for performances. The idea of building a new theater in Tulle is attributed to Jean-Baptiste Tavé (1856-1925), a lawyer and radical deputy. After being elected mayor of Tulle in 1892, he became committed to completing the project. [1]

During a meeting of 30 November 1894, the municipal council of Tulle approved construction of a theater on the Quai de la République, on the river Corrèze. [1] The new Théâtre de Tulle was built between 1899 and 1902 on the site formerly occupied by a 17th-century Jesuit chapel. [2]

Construction

The architects were Joseph Auberty and Anatole de Baudot, architect of the recently built Lycée Edmond Perrier in Tulle. [1] Anatole de Baudot was a believer in the school of rationalist architecture launched by his teacher, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, whose influence he freely acknowledged. [3] To avoid the risk of fire, De Baudot proposed an innovative structure using the Paul Cottancin's reinforced concrete construction method. [1] This was the first theater to be built of reinforced cement. [4]

The theater was an Italian-style room with three narrow balconies. There was an entrance hall, above which was a foyer. [1] The facade was polychrome, incorporating sandstone, limestone, ceramics, colored glass and brick. [2]

Later history

In 1932, the municipality decided to transform the theatre into a cinema. The Eden operated from 1934 to 1988. The Parisian architect Dubreuil removed the original three balconies to make room for two broader and deeper balconies. The original reinforced cement roof was covered in the classic slate roof that is seen today. [1]

It was decided to convert the building back to its original purpose, with the job assigned to the architects Larrouy, Sicre and Hervé David and the designer Bernard Guillaumot. The changes made to the interior in 1932 were removed. A new concrete structure was installed inside that matched the exterior of the building, which was unchanged since the time of Anatole de Baudot. The two balconies were modified to leave only one spanning the theater. The stage opening, which was 6 by 6 metres (20 by 20 ft) was increased to 11 by 8 metres (36 by 26 ft), with a depth of 13 metres (43 ft), allowing almost any type of show to be staged. [1] The theater was renovated with financial assistance of 50% from the state and 30% from the region. It reopened in 1994. [5]

Related Research Articles

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc French architect and author

Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution. His major restoration projects included Notre-Dame de Paris, the Basilica of Saint Denis, Mont Saint-Michel, Sainte-Chapelle, and the medieval walls of the city of Carcassonne, and he planned much of the physical construction of the Statue of Liberty. His later writings on the relationship between form and function in architecture had a notable influence on a new generation of architects, including Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, Antoni Gaudí, Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright.

Corrèze Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Corrèze is a department in France, named after the river Corrèze which runs through it. Its capital is Tulle, and its most populated town is Brive-la-Gaillarde.

Tulle Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Tulle is a commune in central France. It is the third-largest town in the former region of Limousin and is the capital of the department of Corrèze, in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Tulle is also the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tulle.

École Spéciale dArchitecture

The École Spéciale d'Architecture is a private school for architecture at 254, boulevard Raspail in Paris, France.

Rambouillet Commune in Île-de-France, France

Rambouillet is a subprefecture of the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region of France. It is located on the outskirts of Paris, 44.3 km (27.5 mi) southwest of its centre. In 2018, the commune had a population of 26,933.

Limousin Region of France

Limousin is a former administrative region of southwest-central France. On 1 January 2016, it became part of the new administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It comprised three departments: Corrèze, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne.

Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, central France. Beaulieu is a medieval city, originally dominated by its great abbey of St Pierre, of which only the abbey church remains. On 1 January 2019, the former commune Brivezac was merged into Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne.

Seilhac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Seilhac is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Viam Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Viam is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France. The village is positioned on a lake, used for swimming, fishing, water-skiing, canoeing, kayaking, sailing and land activities such as hiking and cycling.

Saint-Jean de Montmartre Church in arrondissement of Paris, France

Saint-Jean de Montmartre is a Roman Catholic parish church located at 19 Rue des Abbesses in the 18th arrondissement of Paris.

Maquis du Limousin Group of French Resistance fighters in the region of Limousin during World War II

The Maquis du Limousin was one of the largest Maquis groups of French resistance fighters fighting for the liberation of France.

PO Corrèze

The PO Corrèze (POC) is a former metre-gauge railway in the Corrèze department in central France. The concession was granted to the Chemin de Fer de Paris à Orléans (PO) and constructed by the Société de Construction des Batignolles. Together with the Chemin de fer du Blanc-Argent and the Blois à Saint Aignan, they formed the metre-gauge network of the PO.

Lycée Edmond Perrier Public school in Tulle, Limousin, France

The Lycée Edmond Perrier is a general and technical secondary education institution, located in Tulle, Correze. It is dedicated to zoologist Edmond Perrier, born in Tulle in 1844. It was built by Anatole de Baudot, and has many similarities with the Lycée Lakanal, due to the same architect. His motto is "Sint rupes virtutis iter", identical to that of Tulle which means "The difficulties are the path of virtue".

Anatole de Baudot

Joseph-Eugène-Anatole de Baudot was a French architect and a pioneer of reinforced-concrete construction. He was a prolific author, architect for diocesan buildings, architect for historical monuments, and a professor of architecture. He is known for the church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre in Paris, the first to be built using concrete reinforced with steel rods and wire mesh.

Paul Cottancin

Paul Cottancin was a French engineer and a pioneer in the use of reinforced brickwork and concrete. He is known for the church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre in Paris, which he designed in collaboration with the architect Anatole de Baudot.

Lycée Victor Hugo, Paris School in Paris, France

The Lycée Victor-Hugo is a secondary school in the 3rd arrondissement, Paris, France.

Paris architecture of the <i>Belle Époque</i>

The architecture of Paris created during the Belle Époque, between 1871 and the beginning of the First World War in 1914, was notable for its variety of different styles, from neo-Byzantine and neo-Gothic to classicism, Art Nouveau and Art Deco. It was also known for its lavish decoration and its imaginative use of both new and traditional materials, including iron, plate glass, colored tile and reinforced concrete. Notable buildings and structures of the period include the Eiffel Tower, the Grand Palais, the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, the Gare de Lyon, the Bon Marché department store, and the entries of the stations of the Paris Metro designed by Hector Guimard.

Aubazines Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Aubazines, also spelled Aubazine, is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of central France.

Spire of Notre-Dame de Paris Architectural feature destroyed in 2019 fire

The spire of Notre-Dame de Paris was located above the cross-section of the cathedral's transept. Notre-Dame de Paris has had two timber spires, known as flèches. The first was built between 1220 and 1230. It eventually became so damaged that it was removed in the late 18th century. The second was put into place by the French Architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in 1859, and destroyed in a major fire on 15 April 2019.

References

Citations

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Un peu d’histoire...
  2. 1 2 Barrière 1997, p. 44.
  3. Leipp 1982, p. 108.
  4. Le théâtre de Tulle: Région Limousin.
  5. Savy 2010, p. 334.

Sources