|Theater of the silence|
|Name||Theater of the silence|
|Local name||Théâtre du Silence|
|Principal venue|| La Rochelle,|
Théâtre du Silence (Theatre of silence) was a dance company created by Jacques Garnier and Brigitte Lefèvre.
Brigitte Lefèvre is a French ballet dancer, choreographer and teacher. Since 1995, she has been director of the Paris Opera Ballet where she remained until August 2014.
Founded by two Paris Opera Ballet dancers, Théâtre du Silence was one of the most famous dance companies in France. Its debut took place in 1972 at Théâtre de la Ville in Paris. From 1974 to 1985 the company was located in La Rochelle.
The Paris Opera Ballet is an integral part of the Paris Opera and the oldest national ballet company. Together with the Mariinsky Ballet, Moscow Bolshoi Ballet and the London Royal Ballet it is regarded as one of the four most preeminent ballet companies in the world.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
The Théâtre de la Ville is one of the two theatres built in the 19th century by Baron Haussmann at Place du Châtelet, Paris, the other being the Théâtre du Châtelet. It is located at 2, place du Châtelet in the 4th arrondissement.
Théâtre du Silence created many contemporary dance ballets, mostly choreographed by Jacques Garnier or Brigitte Lefévre. Choreographers such as Maurice Béjart, Merce Cunningham, David Gordon, Robert Kovitch ou Lar Lubovitch worked for the Théâtre du Silence and played an important role in spreading contemporary dance in France.
Maurice Béjart was a French-born dancer, choreographer and opera director who ran the Béjart Ballet Lausanne in Switzerland. He was awarded Swiss citizenship posthumously.
Mercier Philip "Merce" Cunningham was an American dancer and choreographer who was at the forefront of American modern dance for more than 50 years. He is also notable for his frequent collaborations with artists of other disciplines, including musicians John Cage, David Tudor, Brian Eno, Radiohead, artists Robert Rauschenberg, Bruce Nauman, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Jasper Johns, and costume designer Rei Kawakubo. Works that he produced with these artists had a profound impact on avant-garde art beyond the world of dance.
Béla Viktor János Bartók was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.
Anton Friedrich Wilhelm von Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. Along with his mentor Arnold Schoenberg and his colleague Alban Berg, Webern was in the core of those in the circle of the Second Viennese School, including Ernst Krenek and Theodor W. Adorno. As an exponent of atonality and twelve-tone technique, Webern exerted influence on contemporaries Luigi Dallapiccola, Křenek, and even Schoenberg himself. As a tutor, Webern guided and variously influenced Arnold Elston, Frederick Dorian, Matty Niël, Fré Focke, Karl Amadeus Hartmann, Philipp Herschkowitz, René Leibowitz, Humphrey Searle, Leopold Spinner, and Stefan Wolpe.
Jean-Pierre Drouet is a French multi-instrumentist percussionist and composer.
Terrence Mitchell Riley is an American composer and performing musician associated with the minimalist school of 20th century music, of which he was a pioneer. Influenced by both jazz and Indian classical music, his music became notable for its innovative use of repetition, tape music techniques, and delay systems. He is best known for works such as his 1964 composition In C and 1969 album A Rainbow in Curved Air, both considered landmarks of minimalist music and important influences on subsequent experimental, electronic, and rock music.
Joseph Maurice Ravel was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.
The Prix de Rome or Grand Prix de Rome was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state. The prize was extended to architecture in 1720, music in 1803, and engraving in 1804. The prestigious award was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, the Minister of Culture.
Dance in Quebec includes dances that are specific to the province of Quebec, Canada, it comprises traditional group, couple, and solo dance as well as contemporary jazz, ballet, and modern dance. There are a number of dance companies and dance schools.
Bulle Ogier is a French actress and screenwriter. She adopted the professional surname Ogier, which was her mother's maiden name. Her first appearance on screen was in Voilà l'Ordre, a short film directed by Jacques Baratier with a number of the then-emerging young singers of the 1960s in France, including Boris Vian, Claude Nougaro, etc.
Paul Milliet was a French playwright and librettist of the Parisian Belle Époque.
Jean-Étienne Despréaux was a French ballet dancer, choreographer, composer, singer and playwright.
Léocadia is a play by Jean Anouilh that premiered at the Théâtre de la Michodière in Paris on 2 December 1940. It is one of Anouilh's Pièces roses, together with Humulus le muet (1932), Le Bal des voleurs (1938), and Le Rendez-vous de Senlis (1941). For the occasion, Francis Poulenc composed one of his most celebrated songs, "Les Chemins de l'amour", sung by Yvonne Printemps.
André-Jean-Jacques Deshayes was a French ballet dancer, choreographer and ballet master born in Paris on 24 January 1777 and died in Batignolles on 10 December 1846.
Danseur Étoile or Danseuse Étoile, literally "star dancer", is the highest rank a dancer can reach at the Paris Opera Ballet. It is equivalent to the title "Principal dancer" in Anglo-Saxon countries or to the title "Primo Ballerino" or "Prima Ballerina" in Italian.
Cours Hattemer is a French private, secular school. It is independent of the state, and can follow its own teaching approach, which is structured and places great stress on repetition to drive home what has been learned. The school has many well-known alumni including the actress Brigitte Bardot and the French President Jacques Chirac.
Yves Claoué was a 20th-century French composer.
Brigitte Massin was a French musicologist and journalist.
Jean Massin was a French historian and musicologist. With his wife Brigitte Massin, he is the author of numerous books of history and musicology.
Béatrice Massin is a leading specialist in Baroque dance. Her choreographic writing confronts Baroque style with contemporary dance. She's the director of the company Fêtes galantes.
Michel Michalakakos is a French contemporary violist.
Louis-Jacques Rondeleux was a 20th-century French lyrical artist (baritone).
Hugues Randolph Gall is a French opera manager, former head of the Grand Théâtre de Genève and the Paris Opera.