Thélus

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Thélus
Thelus centre 1 *K5*.jpg
The centre of Thélus
Blason Thelus.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Thélus
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Thélus
Hauts-de-France region location map.svg
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Thélus
Coordinates: 50°21′20″N2°48′05″E / 50.3556°N 2.8014°E / 50.3556; 2.8014 Coordinates: 50°21′20″N2°48′05″E / 50.3556°N 2.8014°E / 50.3556; 2.8014
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Arras
Canton Arras-2
Intercommunality Arras
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Bernard Milleville
Area
1
8.99 km2 (3.47 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01) [1]
1,245
  Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62810 /62580
Elevation88–143 m (289–469 ft)
(avg. 121 m or 397 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Thélus is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France. It is located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) southeast of the Canadian National Vimy Memorial dedicated to the Battle of Vimy Ridge and the missing First World War Canadian soldiers with no known grave; the Memorial is also the site of two Canadian cemeteries. [2]

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Pas-de-Calais Department of France

Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

Geography

Thélus lies 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Arras, at the junction of the N17 and D49 roads. Junction 7 of the A26 autoroute is less than a mile away.

The Route nationale 17, or RN17, is a trunk road (nationale) in France connecting Paris to the border with Belgium.

A26 autoroute Road in France

The A26 is a 357.6 km (222.2 mi) long French motorway connecting Calais and Troyes. It is also known as the Autoroute des Anglais as its length forms the first part of the main route from the Dover-Calais ferries and the Channel Tunnel towards Southern and Eastern France and the Cote d'Azur. The motorway is used by a high proportion of British cars, particularly during the summer holiday season. The A26 between Calais and Arras is one of the two main routes between London and Paris, the other being the A16.

Population

Population history
1962196819751982199019992006
65970385388799810221204
Census count starting in 1962: Population without duplicates

Places of interest

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars. The Commission is also responsible for commemorating Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action during World War II. The Commission was founded by Sir Fabian Ware and constituted through Royal Charter in 1917 named the Imperial War Graves Commission. The change to the present name took place in 1960.

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE . Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. "Canadian National Vimy Memorial, France". The Great War UK. The Great War UK. 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2017. The ridge runs in a direction from Givenchy-en-Gohelle in the north-west to Farbus in the south-east.