Thénia

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Thénia
Thenia 11092012.jpg
DZ 35 Thenias.svg
Algeria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thénia
Coordinates: 36°43′40″N3°33′14″E / 36.72778°N 3.55389°E / 36.72778; 3.55389
Country Algeria
Province Boumerdès
Elevation
301 m (988 ft)
Population
 (1998) [1]
  Total19,078
Time zone UTC+1 (West Africa Time)

Thénia (الثنية), sometimes written as Thenia, with around 40,000 inhabitants, is the chief town in the daïra of the same name, in the wilaya of Boumerdès, in northern Algeria. Historically, the name is a contraction of "Theniet Beni Aicha" (ثنية بني عائشة) ("the mountain pass of the sons of Aisha"), the Arabic translation of the Kabyle Berber toponym Tizi n At Ɛica. The steep-sided pass, which is only about 800 metres (2,600 ft) wide at its narrowest point, is sometimes taken to mark the transition between Mitidja and Grande Kabylie. [2]

Contents

Villages

The villages of the commune of Thénia are:

Geography

Thénia is located on the main road from Algiers to Constantine, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Algiers, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) inland from the coast, at an altitude of 300 metres (980 ft). [3] Between the town and the coast, the scrub-covered Djebel bou Arous rises to a height of around 400 metres (1,300 ft) and then falls more gently to the coast. South and east is the valley of the Isser River, whose sides rise to around 600 metres (2,000 ft) and are deeply incised by streams. In many places the slopes are covered with vineyards and olive-groves.

Thénia is on the double-track portion of the Algiers-Skikda railway line and is the end of electric commuter rail service from Algiers station.

Zawiya

History

During the French occupation, the town was renamed Ménerville, after Charles-Louis Pinson de Ménerville (1808–76), the first president of the court of appeals in Algiers. [4] It resumed the name of Thénia a few years after independence in 1962.

In 1944, the town had 2,656 inhabitants, of whom the majority, 1,929, were European pieds noirs while the commune or district had 12,755, of whom 2,640 were pieds noirs. [2]

Thénia was very near to the offshore epicenter of the 21 May 2003 Boumerdès earthquake, the strongest earthquake to hit Algeria since 1980. [5]

At least four people were killed and around 20 injured by a car bomb outside a police station in the town on 29 January 2008. [6]

French conquest

Algerian Revolution

Salafist terrorism

Roads

Yahia Boushaki Boulevard Rue Yahia Boushaki - Thenia - Boumerdes.jpg
Yahia Boushaki Boulevard

The town of Thénia contains dozens of roads in its urban network:

Rivers

Boumerdes River [Wikidata] wdy bwmrds.jpg
Boumerdès River  [ Wikidata ]

This commune is crossed by several rivers:

Dam

Meraldene Dam Barrage de Thenia, Bourdine, Mraldene, Gueddara, Mehrene, Aith Aicha, Basse Kabylie, Boumerdes.jpg
Meraldene Dam

This commune has one dam:

Football clubs

ClubDivisionLevelLocationLogo
CMB Thénia Ligue Régional II 5Thénia

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Articles related to Algeria include:

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of the Col des Beni Aïcha</span>

The Battle of the Col des Beni Aïcha or Battle of Thenia, which broke out on 19 April 1871, was a battle of the Mokrani Revolt between the Algerian rebels, and the France, which was the colonial power in the region since 1830.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Soumâa</span> Place in Thénia District, Thénia

Soumâa or Thala Oufella is a village in the Boumerdès Province in Kabylie, Algeria.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zawiyet Sidi Boumerdassi</span> Building in Algeria

Zawiyet Sidi Boumerdassi or Zawiyet Ouled Boumerdès is a zawiya located within Boumerdès Province in Algeria.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki</span> Lodge of Algerian Sufi Order

Zawiyet Sidi Brahim Boushaki or Zawiyet Thénia is a zawiya of the Rahmaniyya Sufi brotherhood located in Boumerdès Province within lower Kabylia of Algeria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brahim Boushaki</span> Algerian Sufi theologian (1912-1997)

Brahim Boushaki, was an Algerian Scholar, Imam and Sufi Sheikh. He was born in the village of Soumâa near the town of Thénia 53 km east of Algiers. He was raised in a very spiritual environment within Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki with high Islamic values and ethics. He had great interpersonal skills and devoted his entire life in service of Islam and Algeria according to the Algerian Islamic reference.

Yahia Boushaki, commonly known as Si Omar or simply as Boushaki, was a prominent revolutionary leader during the Algerian war of independence as a member of the Front de Libération Nationale that launched an armed revolt throughout Algeria and issued a proclamation calling for a sovereign Algerian state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mohamed Rahmoune</span> Algerian revolutionary (1940-2022)

Mohamed Rahmoune, commonly known as Si Rabah or simply as Rahmoune, was a prominent revolutionary leader during the Algerian war of independence as a member of the Front de Libération Nationale that launched an armed revolt throughout Algeria and issued a proclamation calling for a sovereign Algerian state.

References

  1. Statoids
  2. 1 2 Algeria. Geographical Handbook Series. Vol. II, B. R. 505 A (Restricted). British Naval Intelligence Division. May 1944.
  3. Excerpt from the 1962 Michelin map of Algeria: "Carte Michelin Ménerville". Geneawiki.
  4. "Algérie - Ménerville". Geneawiki.
  5. Curtis L. Edwards, ed. (2004). Zemmouri, Algeria, Mw 6.8 Earthquake of May 21, 2003. Reston, Virginia: American Society of Civil Engineers, TCLEE. ISBN   9780784407462.[ dead link ]
  6. Mustapha Benfodil (9 February 2008). "Thénia, dellys et naciria : dans l'épicentre de la terreur" [Thénia, Dellys and Naciria: in the epicenter of terror]. El Watan (in French). Archived from the original on 13 February 2008.