Théodore-Adrien Sarr

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His Eminence

Théodore-Adrien Sarr
Archbishop Emeritus of Dakar
Cardinal Theodore Adrien Sarr 2.JPG
Appointed2 June 2000
Term ended22 December 2014
Predecessor Hyacinthe Thiandoum
Successor Benjamin Ndiaye
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Santa Lucia a Piazza d’Armi
Ordination28 May 1964
by  Hyacinthe Thiandoum
Consecration24 November 1974
by  Hyacinthe Thiandoum
Created cardinal24 November 2007
by Pope Benedict XVI
Personal details
Born (1936-11-28) 28 November 1936 (age 82)
Fadiouth, Senegal
DenominationRoman Catholic
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Styles of
Théodore-Adrien Sarr
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Reference style His Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Dakar (Emeritus)

Théodore-Adrien Sarr (born 28 November 1936 [1] ) is a Senegalese cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He is currently the Archbishop Emeritus of Dakar, having previously served as Archbishop of Dakar from 2000 to 2014, and before that as Bishop of Kaolack from 1974 to 2000. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI. [1] Pope Francis accepted his resignation as Archbishop of Dakar, in accordance with Canon 401.1 of the Latin-rite Code of Canon Law, on Monday, 22 December 2014. [2]

Senegal republic in Western Africa

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dakar archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dakar is the Metropolitan See for the Ecclesiastical province of Dakar in Senegal.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Kaolack diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Kaolack is a diocese located in the city of Kaolack in the Ecclesiastical province of Dakar in Senegal.



Early life and ordination

Théodore-Adrien Sarr was born in Fadiouth to Rôg [1] (baptised Edouard [1] or Roger) and Louise (maiden name : Louise Diakher Diouf) Sarr, [1] as one of seven children [3] (including two sons and four daughters)[ clarification needed ]. He was born to a Serer family and has many family members in Gambia. [4] He completed his secondary studies at the minor seminary in Hann, where he received a baccalaureate. Sarr then studied philosophy and theology at the Major Seminary of Sébikhotane and the University of Dakar. [1] [3]

Joal-Fadiouth Town in Thiès Region, Senegal

Joal-Fadiouth is a town and commune in the Thiès Region at the end of the Petite Côte of Senegal, south-east of Dakar.

The Serer people are a West African ethnoreligious group. They are the third largest ethnic group in Senegal making up 15% of the Senegalese population. They are also found in northern Gambia and southern Mauritania.

He was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Hyacinthe Thiandoum on 28 May 1964, and furthered his studies at the University of Dakar, from where he obtained his licentiate in the classical languages of Latin and Greek. [1] [3]

Hyacinthe Thiandoum Catholic cardinal

Cardinal Hyacinthe Thiandoum was the first native Archbishop of Dakar (Senegal).

Cheikh Anta Diop University university located in Dakar, Senegal

Cheikh Anta Diop University, also known as the University of Dakar, is a university in Dakar, Senegal. It is named after the Senegalese physicist, historian and anthropologist Cheikh Anta Diop and has an enrollment of over 60,000.

A licentiate is a degree below that of a PhD given by universities in some countries. The term is also used for a person who holds this degree. The term derives from Latin licentia, "freedom", which is applied in the phrases licentia docendi meaning permission to teach and licentia ad practicandum signifying someone who holds a certificate of competence to practise a profession. Many countries have degrees with this title, but they may represent different educational levels.

Pastoral work

Sarr then did pastoral work at the parish of Saint-Thérèse in Dakar, as assistant to the groups of Catholic Action. [5] He also served as a professor at the Minor Seminary of N'Gasobil, later as its superior from 1970 to 1974. [5]

Dakar Capital and largest city of Senegal

Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal. The city of Dakar proper has a population of 1,030,594, whereas the population of the Dakar metropolitan area is estimated at 2.45 million.

Catholic Action was the name of many groups of lay Catholics who were attempting to encourage a Catholic influence on society.

In a hierarchy or tree structure of any kind, a superior is an individual or position at a higher level in the hierarchy than another, and thus closer to the apex. In business, superiors are people who are supervisors and in the military, superiors are people who are higher in the chain of command. Superiors are given, sometimes supreme, authority over others under their command. When an order is given, one must follow that order and obey it or punishment may be issued.


On 1 July 1974, Sarr was appointed the second Bishop of Kaolack by Pope Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 24 November from Archbishop Thiandoum, with Bishops Théophile Cadoux, MSC, and Augustin Sagna serving as co-consecrators, in an open-air ceremony at the grand square of Collège Pie XII in Kaolack. Bishop Sarr was later named the third Archbishop of Dakar on 2 June 2000. [1] [3]

Pope Paul VI Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1963 to 1978

Pope Paul VI was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms, and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements. Montini served in the Holy See's Secretariat of State from 1922 to 1954. While in the Secretariat of State, Montini and Domenico Tardini were considered as the closest and most influential advisors of Pius XII, who in 1954 named him Archbishop of Milan, the largest Italian diocese. Montini later became the Secretary of the Italian Bishops' Conference. John XXIII elevated him to the College of Cardinals in 1958, and after the death of John XXIII, Montini was considered one of his most likely successors.

The Missionaries of the Sacred Heart of Jesus are a missionary congregation in the Catholic Church. It was founded in 1854 by Servant of God Jules Chevalier(1824-1907) at Issoudun, France, in the Diocese of Bourges.

Augustin Sagna was a Senegalese prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.

In addition to his duties as Archbishop, he also serves as President of the Episcopal Conference of Senegal, Mauritania, Cape Verde, and Guinea-Bissau, and the first Vice-President of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar. [5]

Mauritania Islamic republic in Northwest Africa

Mauritania (;, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in Northwest Africa. It is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

Guinea-Bissau country in Western Africa

Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, is a country in West Africa that covers 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,815,698.

A vice president is an officer in government or business who is below a president in rank. It can also refer to executive vice presidents, signifying that the vice president is on the executive branch of the government, university or company. The name comes from the Latin vice meaning "in place of". In some countries, the vice president is called the deputy president. In everyday speech, the abbreviation VP can be used.


Pope Benedict XVI created him Cardinal-Priest of S. Lucia a Piazza d'Armi in the consistory of 24 November 2007. On 17 January 2009 he was appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Culture by Pope Benedict. [6] [7]

Cardinal Sarr was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that selected Pope Francis. However, he is no longer eligible to participate in any future papal conclaves as he reached the age of eighty on 28 November 2016.



Sarr discourages abortion, noting that the synod fathers affirmed that life must be respected from beginning to its natural end. He further stated that pastoral ministers in Africa must seek to help women with unwanted pregnancies, and that there are ways to deal with a difficult maternity other than abortion. [8]

HIV/AIDS and condoms

In 2009, Cardinal Sarr defended the Pope over a controversy surrounding the latter's refusal to approve any sort of condom use in the fight against AIDS. [9]

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 (in French) Benoist, Joseph-Roger de, Histoire de l'Eglise catholique au Sénégal du milieu du XVe siècle à l'aube du troisième millénaire", KARTHALA Editions (2008), p 511-16, ISBN   2811141774 (Retrieved : 16 July 2012)
  2. " - Translator". Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 (in English) All Africa  : "Professional Information" of Théodore-Adrien Sarr (in) All Africa (Retrieved : 16 July 2012)
  4. (in English) Mwakikagile, Godfrey, "The Gambia and Its People: Ethnic Identities and Cultural Integration in Africa", p 137, ISBN   9987160239
  5. 1 2 3 Sarr, Théodore-Adrien [in] EWTN (The College of Cardinals) (Retrieved : 16 July 2012)
  6. (in English) Catholic "The Chosen" (Retrieved : 16 July 2012)
  7. [ permanent dead link ]
  8. "Anti-life ideology decried as rule of world". Archived from the original on 17 October 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  9. "Cardinal stunned at media manipulation of Pope's comments". Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Théophile Cadoux MSC
Bishop of Kaolack
Succeeded by
Benjamin Ndiaye
Preceded by
Hyacinthe Thiandoum
Archbishop of Dakar
Succeeded by
Benjamin Ndiaye