Théodore Baron

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Baron monument, Namur, Belgium, by sculptor Charles van der Stappen Theodore Baron Monument Namur 03.JPG
Baron monument, Namur, Belgium, by sculptor Charles van der Stappen

Théodore Baron (19 August 1840 – 4 September 1899) was a Belgian painter, best known for his realistic landscapes.

Baron was born in Ixelles. Following the example of French-educated Belgian painter Alfred de Knyff (1819-1886), Baron adopted an austere, wintry style of landscape painting with a dull color palette, called mode gris by contemporaries. [1]

Ixelles Municipality in Belgium

Ixelles is one of the nineteen municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.

In 1868 Baron became one of the founding members of the Société Libre des Beaux-Arts, formed to react against the Belgian version of academicism and to advance Realist painting and artistic freedom. [2]

Société Libre des Beaux-Arts Brussels

The Société Libre des Beaux-Arts was an organization formed in 1868 by Belgian artists to react against academicism and to advance Realist painting and artistic freedom. Based in Brussels, the society was active until 1876, by which time the aesthetic values it espoused had infiltrated the official Salon. It played a formative role in establishing avant-gardism in Belgium.

Academic art style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies of art

Academic art, or academicism or academism, is a style of painting, sculpture, and architecture produced under the influence of European academies of art. Specifically, academic art is the art and artists influenced by the standards of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts, which was practiced under the movements of Neoclassicism and Romanticism, and the art that followed these two movements in the attempt to synthesize both of their styles, and which is best reflected by the paintings of William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Thomas Couture, and Hans Makart. In this context it is often called "academism", "academicism", "art pompier" (pejoratively), and "eclecticism", and sometimes linked with "historicism" and "syncretism".

Realism (arts) artistic style of representing subjects realistically

Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements. Realism has been prevalent in the arts at many periods, and can be in large part a matter of technique and training, and the avoidance of stylization.

Among Baron's students were Isidore Verheyden [3] and Hippolyte de la Charlerie. In 1913 a street in Auderghem was named in his honor.

Isidore Verheyden Belgian painter

Isidore Verheyden was a Belgian painter of landscapes, portraits and still life.

Hippolyte de la Charlerie Illustrator and painter

Hippolyte de la Charlerie (1827–1869) was a Belgian painter and illustrator.

Auderghem Municipality in Belgium

Auderghem or Oudergem is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.

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  1. The Belgian Galleries: Being a History of the Flemish School of Painting Esther Singleton, 1911, page 107
  2. Arto: Aperçus historiques
  3. Dictionary of Women Artists, Volume 1, edited by Delia Gaze, page 282