Claude François Théodore Caruelle d'Aligny (1798–1871) was a French landscape painter.
He was born at Chaumes (Nièvre) in 1798. In 1808 he went to Paris, where he studied painting under Louis Étienne Watelet, Jean-Baptiste Regnaultand Jean-Victor Bertin. He made his debut in 1822 with an historical landscape on the subject of Daphnis and Chloe. In 1824–7 he travelled in Italy, where he became friend of Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. He was to return to Italy several more times. He settled in Paris, making frequent visits to Fontainebleau, Barbizon, and the coast of Normandy. In 1843 he went to Greece to make drawings of the major ancient sites, and then continued to Asia Minor.
He was awarded a medal of the first class in 1837, and the Legion of Honour in 1842. His View of Genazzano, Environs of Rome, and View of Royat, France, were sent by the French Government to the International Exhibition of 1862 in London.He was described by Théophile Gautier as the "Ingres of landscape painting".
Aligny died at Lyons in 1871, while holding the post of Director of the École des Beaux-Arts de Lyon.
His most important works include:
He also etched a series of ten views of the most celebrated sites of ancient Greece.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching. He is a pivotal figure in landscape painting and his vast output simultaneously references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism.
The Barbizon school of painters were part of an art movement towards Realism in art, which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement of the time. The Barbizon school was active roughly from 1830 through 1870. It takes its name from the village of Barbizon, France, near the Forest of Fontainebleau, where many of the artists gathered. Some of the most prominent features of this school are its tonal qualities, color, loose brushwork, and softness of form.
Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, also known as Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, was a French painter and pupil of Jacques-Louis David, who participated in the early Romantic movement by including elements of eroticism in his paintings. Girodet is remembered for his precise and clear style and for his paintings of members of the Napoleonic family.
Ary Scheffer was a Dutch-French Romantic painter. He was known mostly for his works based on literature, with paintings based on the works of Dante, Goethe, and Lord Byron, as well as religious subjects. He was also a prolific painter of portraits of famous and influential people in his lifetime. Politically, Scheffer had strong ties to King Louis Philippe I, having been employed as a teacher of the latter's children, which allowed him to live a life of luxury for many years until the French Revolution of 1848.
Events from the year 1796 in art.
Théodore is the French version of the masculine given name Theodore.
Events from the year 1819 in France.
The Commission des Sciences et des Arts was a French scientific and artistic institute. Established on 16 March 1798, it consisted of 167 members, of which all but 16 joined Napoleon Bonaparte's conquest of Egypt and produced the Description de l'Égypte. More than half were engineers and technicians, including 21 mathematicians, 3 astronomers, 17 civil engineers, 13 naturalists and mining engineers, geographers, 3 gunpowder engineers, 4 architects, 8 artists, 10 mechanical artists, 1 sculptor, 15 interpreters, 10 men of letters, 22 printers in Latin, Greek and Arabic characters. Bonaparte organised his scientific 'corps' like an army, dividing its members into 5 categories and assigning to each member a military rank and a defined military role beyond his scientific function.
Jean Alexis Achard (1807–1884) was a French painter.
Michel François André-Bardon was a French history painter and etcher.
François Édouard Bertin (1797–1871) was a French painter born in Paris, and the son of the renowned journalist Louis-François Bertin. Édouard studied under Girodet-Trioson and Bidauld. He represented the details and general character of a landscape with great skill, but was less successful in his colouring. He was inspector of the Beaux Arts, and from 1854, was the director of the Journal des Débats. Bertin died in Paris in 1871.
Jean-Baptiste Delestre was a French artist and writer upon art. His painting "Scene during the eruption of Vesuvius" is displayed in the Museum of Nantes.
François Antoine Léon Fleury, a French landscape painter, was born in Paris in 1804. He was the son of Antoine Claude Fleury, under whom he at first studied, and then under Bertin and Hersent. Between 1827 and 1830 he made a sketching tour in France and the neighbouring countries. He occasionally painted figure subjects, such as The Baptism of Christ, at the church of St. Marguerite, and St. Genevieve, at St. Étienne-du-Mont, Paris. He died in 1858. Amongst his works are:
Artists in Isabey's Studio is a painting of 1798 by the French artist Louis Léopold Boilly, showing a large number of artists who were influential under the French Directory. It was displayed with 529 other works at the 1798 Paris Salon, which was mainly noted for Gérard's Psyche and Cupid. It is now in the Louvre, whose collections it entered in 1911.
Louis Étienne Watelet was a French landscape painter and art teacher.
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