François-Clément Théodore Dubois (24 August 1837 – 11 June 1924) was a French composer, organist, and music teacher.
Théodore Dubois was born in Rosnay in Marne. He studied first under Louis Fanart (the choirmaster at Reims Cathedral) and later at the Paris Conservatoire under Ambroise Thomas. He won the Prix de Rome in 1861. In 1868, he became choirmaster at the Church of the Madeleine, and in 1871 took over from César Franck as choirmaster at the Basilica of Sainte-Clotilde. In 1877, Dubois returned to the Church of the Madeleine, succeeding Camille Saint-Saëns as organist there. From 1871 he taught at the Paris Conservatoire, where his pupils included Pierre de Bréville, Guillaume Couture, Gabrielle Ferrari, Gustave Doret, Paul Dukas, Achille Fortier, Xavier Leroux, Albéric Magnard, Édouard Risler, Guy Ropartz, Spyridon Samaras, and Florent Schmitt.
Dubois was director of the Conservatoire from 1896 (succeeding Thomas on the latter's death) to 1905, continuing his predecessor's intransigently conservative regime.The music of Auber, Halévy and especially Meyerbeer was regarded as the correct model for students, and old French music such as that of Rameau and modern music, including that of Wagner were kept rigorously out of the curriculum. Dubois was unremittingly hostile to Maurice Ravel who, when a Conservatoire student, did not conform to the faculty's anti-modernism, and in 1902 Dubois unavailingly forbade Conservatoire students to attend performances of Debussy's ground-breaking new opera, Pelléas et Mélisande . In June 1905 he was forced to bring his planned retirement forward after a public scandal caused by the faculty's blatant attempt to stop Ravel winning the Prix de Rome. Gabriel Fauré was appointed to succeed Dubois as director, with a brief from the French government to modernise the institution.
Although he wrote many religious works, Dubois had considerable hopes for a successful career in opera. His fascination with Near-Eastern subjects led to the composition to his first staged work, La guzla de l'émir, and his first four-act opera, Aben-Hamet, which broke no new ground. His other large-scale opera, Xavière, is a wildly dramatic tale set in the rural Auvergne. The story revolves around a widowed mother who plots to kill her daughter, Xavière, with the help of her fiancé's father to gain the daughter's inheritance. However, Xavière survives the attack with the help of a priest, and the opera finishes with a conventional happy ending.
The music of Dubois also includes ballets, oratorios and three symphonies. His best known work is the oratorio Les sept paroles du Christ ("The Seven Last Words of Christ" ), which continues to be given an occasional airing; his Toccata in G (1889), for the organ, is a recital staple, by no means solely in France. The rest of his large output has almost entirely disappeared from view. He has had a more lasting influence in teaching, with his theoretical works Traité de contrepoint et de fugue (on counterpoint and fugue) and Traité d'harmonie théorique et pratique (on harmony) still being sometimes used today.
See: List of music students by teacher: C to F#Théodore Dubois.
Gabriel Urbain Fauré was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher. He was one of the foremost French composers of his generation, and his musical style influenced many 20th-century composers. Among his best-known works are his Pavane, Requiem, Sicilienne, nocturnes for piano and the songs "Après un rêve" and "Clair de lune". Although his best-known and most accessible compositions are generally his earlier ones, Fauré composed many of his most highly regarded works in his later years, in a more harmonically and melodically complex style.
Charles-Marie Jean Albert Widor was a French organist, composer and teacher, most notable for his ten organ symphonies.
Paule Charlotte Marie Jeanne Maurice was a French composer.
André Gedalge was an influential French composer and teacher.
Émile Louis Fortuné Pessard was a French composer.
Émile Paladilhe was a French composer of the late romantic period.
Stéphane Raoul Pugno was a French composer, teacher, organist, and pianist known for his playing of Mozart's works.
Émile Durand was a French musical theorist, teacher and composer. He was better known for his theoretical writings than for his compositions.
Frédéric Blasius was a French violinist, clarinetist, conductor, and composer. Born MatthäusBlasius, he used Frédéric as his pen name on his publications in Paris.
The Belgian-born French conductor André Cluytens (1905–67) was a prolific recording artist. His recording career ran from May 1943 to December 1965. Many of Cluytens recordings have since been re-issued.
Victor Charles Paul Dourlen was a French composer and music teacher at the Conservatoire de Paris during the first half of the nineteenth century. He is primarily known as a theorist on account of his treatises on harmony, based on the methods of Charles Simon Catel, which were widely used as reference works, especially his Traité d'harmonie, the Traité d'accompagnement pratique, and his Méthode élémentaire pour le pianoforte.
Paul-Louis Rougnon was a French composer, pianist and music educator.
(Alphonse Zoé Charles) Renaud de Vilbac was a prolific French organist and composer.
Antoine Aimable Elie Elwart was a French composer and musicologist.
Adolphe Édouard Marie Deslandres was a French composer and organist.
Clément Loret was an organist, music educator, and composer of Belgian origin, French naturalized.
René Alix was a French organist, choral conductor and composer.
Albert Bertelin was a French composer.
Aimé Ambroise Simon Leborne was a Belgium-born French composer and music educator, who made his career in Paris.
Jacques Bondon was a French composer.