|Born||22 April 1801|
|Died|| 17 April 1855 53) (aged|
Jean-Étienne-Théodore Ducos (22 April 1801 – 17 April 1855) was a French politician and shipowner.
Jean-Étienne-Théodore Ducos was born in Bordeaux, France, on 22 April 1801 into a family of shipowners. He became a general counsel, and in 1834 was elected deputy for Bordeaux. He sat with the opposition to the dynasty until 1848. After the February Revolution of 1848 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly.
Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution, was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe. In France the revolutionary events ended the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic.
Ducos was defeated in the elections of May 1849, but a few months later was elected as a representative of the Seine. He transferred his allegiance to the Bonapartists. On 9 January 1851 he was Minister of Marine and Colonies, and accepted the dismissal of General Changarnier. He and his other cabinet colleagues were forced from office that month, but he was re-appointed the day after 2 December 1851 coup. During his administration steam boats were developed for the military, and France occupied New Caledonia. He was responsible for organizing military transport during the Crimean War.
New Caledonia is a special collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, located to the south of Vanuatu, about 1,210 km (750 mi) east of Australia and 20,000 km (12,000 mi) from Metropolitan France. The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea. Locals refer to Grande Terre as Le Caillou.
The Crimean War was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire. The French promoted the rights of Roman Catholics, while Russia promoted those of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The longer-term causes involved the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the unwillingness of Britain and France to allow Russia to gain territory and power at Ottoman expense. It has widely been noted that the causes, in one case involving an argument over a key, have never revealed a "greater confusion of purpose", yet led to a war noted for its "notoriously incompetent international butchery".
Théodore Ducos became a senator on 4 March 1853. He died in office on 17 April 1855.
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Events from the year 1801 in France.
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