Théodore Duret (20 January 1838, Saintes – 16 January 1927, Paris) was a French journalist, author and art critic. He was one of the first advocates of Courbet, Manet, and the Impressionists. One of his best known works is Critique d'Avant Garde (Paris, 1885)which was written in support of the Impressionist movement. He also served as collecting advisor and buying agent for American art collector Louisine Havemeyer.
Theodore Duret was heir to a firm of Cognac dealers, was a collector, orientalist, and art critic.
In September 1871, Duret traveled throughout Asia alongside the collector Henri Cernuschi. Together, the two men visited Japan, China, Mongolia, Java, and Indonesia in an effort to collect art objects and artworks. Duret was particularly interested in purchasing Japanese prints and illustrations. In collecting these objects, he sought to discover what he called, "the real Japan." Upon his return to Paris, Duret published his Voyage en Asie in 1873, which documented the collector's travels and purchases throughout Asia. Although Duret recounts his personal travels inVoyage en Asie, he also comments on the family structures, languages, and religious practices of the countries he visited.
He was introduced to Whistler by Manet and posed for a portrait by Whistler in 1883 at Whistler's London studio at 13 Tite Street. At Duret's request, Whistler painted him in full evening dress, but Whistler suggested that he hold a pink domino, an addition necessary to the decorative arrangement of the composition. Whistler worked on the portrait over a long period of time, even though the finished work ultimately looks like a rapid sketch. Acclaimed when exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1885, it was ranked by many as the best portrait of Duret painted by any of the great Realist artists of the period.
Armand Guillaumin was a French impressionist painter and lithographer.
Events from the year 1878 in art.
Henry Osborne Havemeyer was an American industrialist, entrepreneur and sugar refiner who founded and became president of the American Sugar Refining Company in 1891.
Electra Havemeyer Webb was a collector of American antiques and founder of the Shelburne Museum.
Louisine Waldron Elder Havemeyer was an art collector, feminist, and philanthropist. In addition to being a patron of impressionist art, she was one of the more prominent contributors to the suffrage movement in the United States. The impressionist painter Edgar Degas and feminist Alice Paul were among the renowned recipients of the benefactor's support.
Zacharie Astruc was a French sculptor, painter, poet, and art critic.
Self-Portrait with Palette is an 1878–79 oil-on-canvas painting by the French artist Édouard Manet. This late impressionistic work is one of his two self-portraits. Velasquez's self-portrait in Las Meninas was a particular inspiration for Manet's painting which despite its allusion to the previous artist's work is very modern in its focus upon the personality of the artist and loose paint handling.
Adolphe Étienne Auguste Moreau-Nélaton was a French painter, art collector and art historian. His large collection is today held in its entirety by French national museums.
Auguste Pellerin was a French entrepreneur and art collector. He was one of the most important collectors of the works of Édouard Manet and Paul Cézanne at the beginning of the 20th century.
Ellen Andrée was a French actress and model for Édouard Manet, Edgar Degas and Pierre-Auguste Renoir and other impressionists, in the 1870s.
Berthe Morisot with a Bouquet of Violets is an 1872 oil painting by Édouard Manet. It depicts fellow painter Berthe Morisot dressed in black mourning dress, with a barely visible bouquet of violets. The painting, sometimes known as Portrait of Berthe Morisot, Berthe Morisot in a black hat or Young woman in a black hat, is in the collection of the Musée d'Orsay in Paris. Manet also created an etching and two lithographs of the same composition.
A Bundle of Asparagus or A Bunch of Asparagus is an 1880 painting by Édouard Manet.
The Matador Saluting is an oil on canvas painting produced by Édouard Manet between 1866 and 1867. Its precise date is unclear - Charles S. Moffett dates the first definite reference to the work to 1867, at an exhibition devoted to Manet's works at the pavillon de l'Alma.
Little Lange is a c.1861 oil-on-canvas painting by Édouard Manet, now on the Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe. It shows a boy around five years old from the Lange family, who were friends of the artist. Its dark palette is reminiscent of Spanish Golden Age works as well as Antoine Watteau's Gilles (Louvre). Produced early in the painter's career, the work's execution is sketchy in places and prefigures his later Impressionist work.
Madame Manet in the Conservatory is an 1879 oil on canvas painting by Édouard Manet of his wife Suzanne. It is held in the National Gallery, in Oslo.
A Young Lady in 1866 or Lady with a Parakeet is an 1866 painting by Édouard Manet, showing his favourite model Victorine Meurent, wearing a pink gown, holding a small bouquet of violettes and accompanied by an African Grey Parrot. It is an oil painting on canvas measuring 185.1 x 128.6 cm, and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It and Boy Carrying a Sword were the first of Manet's works to enter a gallery collection.
Portrait of Clemenceau is an oil painting on canvas of 1879–80 by Édouard Manet, now in the Musée d'Orsay. The work can be dated via two letters of 9 December 1879 and 8 January 1880 from their subject fixing sitting dates. Clemenceau was not happy with the work, stating "My portrait by Manet? Very bad, I don't have it and I don't mind that. It is at the Louvre, I ask myself why we put it there". But he enjoyed the sittings at Manet's home, enjoying the conversation and finding the painter very spiritual.
Portrait of Victorine Meurent is an 1862 oil on canvas painting by Édouard Manet, now in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. It shows Victorine Meurent aged 18, also shown by Manet in his The Street Singer a few months later
Portrait of Madame Brunet is an oil painting on canvas by Édouard Manet, begun in 1861 and completed in 1863. Its subject is Caroline de Pène, the wife of the sculptor Eugène Cyrille Brunet. According to Duret she was not beautiful and – although Manet flattered her – she burst into tears when she first saw the painting. It originally depicted the sitter full-length, but by 1867 Manet had cut away the bottom section.
Shigemi Inaga: Théodore Duret (1838–1927). Paris 1988