Théodore Eugène César Ruyssen
August 11, 1868
|Died||May 5, 1967 98) (aged|
Théodore Eugène César Ruyssen (11 August 1868 – 5 May 1967) was a French historian of philosophy and pacifist.
Ruyssen was born in Clisson, Loire-Atlantique, France. He was professor of the history of philosophy at the University of Bordeaux, and president of l'Association de la Paix par le Droit from 1896 to 1948.
After a study trip through Germany upon leaving school in 1889, Ruyssen took up the profession of teaching in 1896. He taught philosophy in various schools and graduated as Doctor of Philosophy with a thesis on "I'Evolution psychologique du Jugement" in 1903. He lectured successively in the universities of Aix-en-Provence, Dijon and finally, Bordeaux, where he occupied the chair of History of Philosophy.
Ruyssen was the President of the Association de la paix par le droit , the most important peace organization in France, which is widely known throughout the world through its official organ "La Paix par le Droit," and a member of the International Peace Bureau in Berne.
Charles-Marie Gustave Le Bon was a leading French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, which is considered one of the seminal works of crowd psychology.
Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux, known as Gabriel Hanotaux was a French statesman and historian.
Frédéric Passy was a French economist and pacifist who was a founding member of several peace societies and the Inter-Parliamentary Union. He was also an author and politician, sitting in the Chamber of Deputies from 1881 until 1889. He was a joint winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901 for his work in the European peace movement.
Charles-Irénée Castel, abbé de Saint-Pierre was a French author whose ideas were novel for his times. His proposal of an international organisation to maintain peace was perhaps the first in history, with the possible exceptions of George of Poděbrady's Tractatus (1462–1464) and Émeric Crucé. He influenced Rousseau and Kant.
Théodule-Armand Ribot was a French psychologist. He was born at Guingamp, and was educated at the Lycée de St Brieuc. He is known as the founder of scientific psychology in France, and gave his name to Ribot's Law regarding retrograde amnesia.
Louis Couturat was a French logician, mathematician, philosopher, and linguist. Couturat was a pioneer of the constructed language Ido.
Léon Brunschvicg was a French Idealist philosopher. He co-founded the Revue de métaphysique et de morale with Xavier Leon and Élie Halévy in 1893.
Yves Guyot was a French politician and economist.
Alfred Jules Émile Fouillée was a French philosopher.
Henri-Étienne Beaunis was a French physiologist and psychologist. He defended the thesis of the Nancy School in the field of hypnosis. He is known for his works on anatomy, physiology, psychology and hypnosis.
Alexandre Théodore Dézamy was a French socialist, a representative of the Neo-Babouvist tendency in early French communism, along with Albert Laponneraye, Richard Lahautière, Jacques Pillot and others. He was also an early associate of Louis-Auguste Blanqui. He and his colleagues formed a link between the extreme left wing of the French Revolution (Babeuf) and Marxism.
Henri Lambert (1862–1934) was a Belgian engineer and glass works owner at Charleroi near Brussels. His glass works was the largest in the world in that time. He was one of the first occupied with social economy. He spoke Walloon with his blue collar workers, which was exceptional in that time. He was a prolific writer of articles for newspaper and political journals, brochures, and books on political philosophy, and had several of his works translated into German and English. He favoured individualism, free trade, and international peace. He also wrote works about corporations, trade unions, government, democracy, and representation, voicing bold and well-intentioned ideas. But his criticism of the principle of limited liability in connection with corporations is an original point which seems to have attracted attention at the turn of the century, as well as his ideas about the organisation of trade unions. He was called upon to address lawyers' and economists' associations and other bodies.
The Peace Through Law Association was a French pacifist organization active in the years before World War I (1914–1918) that continued to promote its cause throughout the inter-war period leading up to World War II (1939–1945). For many years it was the leading organization of the fragmented French pacifist movement. The APD believed that peace could be maintained through an internationally agreed legal framework, with mediation to resolve disputes. It did not support individual conscientious objection, which it thought was ineffective. It would not align with the left-wing "peace at all costs" groups, or with the right-wing groups that thought the League of Nations was all that was needed.
Lucien Le Foyer was a French lawyer, pacifist and politician. He played a leading role in French and international pacifist organizations both before the after World War I (1914–18), and after World War II (1939–45). He was also an accomplished poet.
Alfred Vanderpol was a French engineer, philanthropist and author who was one of the leaders of the pacifist movement in France in the years leading up to World War I (1914–18).
Jules Godin was a French lawyer and politician of the French Third Republic. He was Deputy of French India from 1876 to 1881 and Senator of French India from 1891 to 1909. He was briefly Minister of Public Works in 1898.
Louis Vigouroux was a French economist and politician who was a national deputy from 1900 to 1910. He had liberal views, which he expressed in various books and magazine articles.
Edgard Milhaud was a French professor of economics, a militant socialist, and a promoter and theoretician of social economy.
Fernand Faure was a French economist and politician. He held office as a deputy from 1885 to 1889, then despite repeated attempts at reelection was out of office until becoming a Senator in 1924. During the interim period he taught and published various books and articles on economics and statistics.
Pierre Hassner, born 31 January 1933 in Bucharest, Romania; died 26 May 2018 in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, was a geopolitologist and philosopher naturalized Romanian French.