Michel Etienne Anthelme Théodore Grandperret
|Minister of Justice|
10 August 1870 –4 September 1870
|Preceded by||Émile Ollivier|
|Succeeded by||Adolphe Crémieux|
|Minister of Religious Affairs|
10 August 1870 –4 September 1870
|Preceded by||Émile Ollivier|
|Succeeded by||Jules Simon|
24 November 1877 –6 January 1890
|Born||26 January 1818|
|Died||6 January 1890 71) (aged|
Michel Etienne Anthelme Théodore Grandperret (26 January 1818 –6 January 1890) was a French lawyer and politician. He was a staunch Bonapartist. He served briefly as Minister of Justice and Religious Affairs during the last weeks on the Second French Empire. Later he was a Life Senator from 1877 to his death.
Théodore Grandperret was born in Caluire,Rhône,on 26 January 1818.His parents were Claude-Louis Grandperret (1791–1854),a teacher and school inspector,and Caroline Amélie Mollet (1793–1858). He studied Law in Paris and in 1844 joined the bar in Lyon. He became a laureate and then a member of the Académie de Lyon for his first essays on local history and literature. He contributed theatre reviews to the Courrier de Lyon and wrote for the Journal du Rhône,directed by his father. In 1849 he became a magistrate as substitute for the Court of First Instance of Lyon.
On 2 June 1851 Grandperret married Alexandrine Emanuelle Félicie Martin (1826–1872) at Saint-Jean-le-Vieux,Ain. Their children were Louis Charles Emmanuel Grandperret (1852–1890) and Charles Antoine Grandperret (1856–1931).
In 1852 Grandperret was attached to the Lyon public prosecutor's office. He was general council at Bourges in 1855 and Toulouse in 1859. In 1861 he was appointed Attorney General at Orléans,where he met Mgr. Félix Dupanloup. In 1867 he was appointed Attorney General at Paris in place of Louis François Chabanacy de Marnas(fr).Soon afterwards he was appointed to the Council of State. In 1868 he was awarded the Cross of the Legion of Honour. He was known for his indictment in the Troppmann affair in December 1869.
In the trial of Prince Pierre Napoléon Bonaparte for homicide on 21 May 1871 Grandperret served as Attorney General at the High Court convened in Tours. His evident bias towards the Bonaparte family caused the lawyers of the Noir family to be called the "defense lawyers". Grandperret was the author of a report sent to the Keeper of the Seals on 5 May 1870 on a "conspiracy" against the life of the emperor discovered shortly before the plebiscite. He was reappointed Attorney General at the high court in Blois convened in July 1870 to investigate the conspiracy. The case was abandoned after the defeat at Wissembourg during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. In the last weeks of the empire after the resignation of the cabinet of Émile Ollivier he accepted the portfolio of Minister of Justice in the cabinet of the Comte de Palikao,holding office from 10 August to 4 September 1870.As Minister he was Keeper of the Seals (Garde des sceaux).
After the fall of the empire Grandperret enrolled at the Paris bar and stayed out of politics for several years. As a lawyer between 1870 and 1877 Grandperret defended Paul de Cassagnac in the defamation suit lodged against him by General de Wimpffen.For a period Louis Le Provost de Launay (1850–1912),future deputy and senator,was Grandperret's secretary. Grandperret's first wife died on 26 January 1872 at the age of 45. On 25 September 1872 he married Claire Gabrielle Hectorine Blanhet (1822–1910).
On 15 November 1877 Grandperret was elected by the coalition of the right as Life Senator in place of Alphonse Lepetit(fr),who had died. Since there was no clear majority the election was annulled,but in a fresh election on 24 November 1877 he was elected by a clear majority against the republican candidate Victor Lefranc. He joined the Bonapartist Appel au peuple group and voted consistently with the right. He voted against the Jules Ferry laws on education,against reestablishment of divorce,against the exile of the princes,against reinstatement of the district poll,against the draft Lisbonne law restricting the freedom of the press and against the prosecution of General Boulanger.He held office until his death.
Théodore Grandperret died in Paris on 6 January 1890.
Publications by Théodore Grandperret include:
Prince Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte was a French nobleman, revolutionary and politician, the son of Lucien Bonaparte and his second wife Alexandrine de Bleschamp. He was a nephew of Napoleon I, Joseph Bonaparte, Elisa Bonaparte, Louis Bonaparte, Pauline Bonaparte, Caroline Bonaparte and Jérôme Bonaparte.
Louis Léon César Faidherbe was a French general and colonial administrator. He created the Senegalese Tirailleurs when he was governor of Senegal.
Napoléon, comte Daru, was a French soldier and politician.
Jean-Baptiste Troppmann was a French spree killer who between August 24 and September 19, 1869, murdered eight members of the Kinck family, including six children aged between 2 and 16 years old, in order to gain access to their money. He was caught at the port of Le Havre at the end of September 1869 while attempting to flee the country.
Charlemagne Émile de Maupas was a French lawyer and politician who was head of the Parisian Police during the critical period when Napoleon III seized power in the coup of 2 December 1851.
Charles Hérisson was a French lawyer and politician of the French Third Republic. He was a member of the National Assembly of 1871, where he joined the Opportunist Republican parliamentary group, Gauche républicaine. He served as minister of commerce in the Government of France. He was a member of the Legion of Honour.
Théodore Tenaille-Saligny was a French lawyer, civil servant and politician. He came from a prosperous family, was a convinced republican, but was a strong opponent of the Paris Commune. During the French Third Republic he served several times as a departmental prefect. He made a number of attempts in national elections before finally becoming Senator for Nièvre from 1879 to 1888.
Adrien Joseph Prax-Paris was a French politician who was a Bonapartist deputy for Tarn-et-Garonne during the Second French Empire and the French Third Republic.
Arthur Legrand was a French lawyer, public servant and politician who represented Manche in the legislature almost continuously from 1871 to his death in 1916. His political beliefs were Bonapartist and conservative at first, and later he ran as an independent..
Louis Le Provost de Launay was a French politician who was Deputy and then Senator for the department of Côtes-du-Nord . He was a right-wing Bonapartist.
Stéphane Christophe Mony was a French railway engineer, company president and politician. He was involved in the Saint-Simonian movement when a young man. He was trained as an engineer, and he and his half brother Eugène Flachat built the Paris-Saint Germain and Paris-Versailles railway lines between 1833 and 1840. He was then appointed head of the Commentry mining company, later Commentry-Fourchambault, a position he held until his death. He was elected to the legislature towards the end of the Second French Empire, from 1868 to 1870. He did not succeed in getting reelected in the French Third Republic.
Pierre-Philippe-Alexandre Panon Desbassyns de Richemont was a French archaeologist, historian and politician. Between 1871 and 1882 he represented French India first in the National Assembly and then in the Senate.
Émile Joseph Marie Piétri, known as Joachim Pietri, was a French lawyer and public servant who was prefect of several departments, a repressive police chief of Paris in the last years of the Second French Empire and Bonapartist Senator of Corsica from 1879 to 1885.
Viscount Charles-André de La Jaille was a French general who campaigned in the Crimea, Italy and Mexico, fought in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and helped put down the Paris Commune the next year. He was monarchist Senator of Guadeloupe from 1876 to 1885.
Jacques Marcel Lucet was a French advocate and politician. He was a committed Republican, supported the French Third Republic (1848–51), and was forced into exile during the Second French Empire, first in Italy and then in Algeria. During the French Third Republic he was deputy and then senator of the department of Constantine, Algeria, from 1871 to 1883.
Jules Philippe Louis Albert Grévy was a French lawyer and politician. He represented Doubs in the National Assembly and then the Chamber of Deputies from 1871 to 1880. He was Governor-General of Algeria from 1879 to 1881, and a Senator for Life from 1880 until his death in 1899.
Dominique Forcioli was a French lawyer and left-wing politician. He was Senator of Algeria from 1883 to 1888, Deputy of Algeria from 1889 to 1898, and Deputy of Corsica from 1905 to 1910.
Félix Jean-Baptiste Chadenet was a French lawyer, civil servant and politician who twice represented the department of Meuse in the legislature. He had right wing views and supported Prince Louis-Napoleon before and after the 1851 coup that established the Second French Empire.
Armand Félix Fresneau was a French politician. He was a deputy in the French Second Republic and again in the French Third Republic, and then was a Senator until his death. He was a right-wing supporter of the Catholic Church and of the Bourbon pretenders to the throne of France.
Alphonse-Théodore Lecointe was a French general and politician.