Théodore Olivier | |
---|---|

Born | |

Died | August 5, 1853 60) | (aged

Resting place | Montparnasse Cemetery 48°50′17″N2°19′37″E / 48.83806°N 2.32694°E |

Alma mater | École Polytechnique |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Mathematics |

Institutions | Ecole centrale des arts et manufactures |

Influences | Gaspard Monge |

**Théodore Olivier** (1793–1853) was a French mathematician.

Olivier studied in the *Licée Imperial* of Lyon where he obtained in 1811 a degree in mathematics with high honours. After this, he went to the École Polytechnique.^{ [1] } Olivier looked like Napoleon, but nobody could prove that Olivier was an illegitimate son of the Emperor.^{ [2] }

In 1815, he was an adjunct professor in the Artillery School at Metz and, in 1819, he became a full professor. In 1821, at the request of the King of Sweden, Charles XIV John (Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte), he went to Sweden to organize the military school of Mariemberg.^{ [3] }

Returning to France, Oliver criticized the pedagogical system in the École Polytechnique and in 1829, jointly with Alphonse Lavallée, Jean-Baptiste Dumas and Jean Claude Eugène Péclet, founded the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, where he was professor of geometry and mechanics for the rest of his life.^{ [4] } He also was, between 1830 and 1844, a professor at the École Polytechnique and, from 1838, a professor at the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Métiers.^{ [5] }

Olivier is mainly known for the construction of three-dimensional models of geometry for pedagogical purposes.^{ [4] } Most of them were sold to North American institutions such as Union College, the University of Columbia and West Point, where they are preserved.^{ [6] }

Olivier also studied the theory of gears, writing an extensive treatise on the subject, and constructing models, preserved in the Musée des Art et Offices in Paris.^{ [7] }

Olivier had no children, but he was the uncle of the French explorer Aimé Olivier de Sanderval.

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- Hervé, J.M. (2007). "Théodore Olivier (1793–1853)". In Marco Ceccarelli (ed.).
*Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science*. Springer. pp. 294–319. ISBN 978-1-4020-6365-7. - Jacomy, Bruno (1995). "Du cabinet au Conservatoire. Les instruments scientifiques du Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers à Paris".
*Journal of the History of Collections*(in French).**7**(2): 227–233. doi:10.1093/jhc/7.2.227. ISSN 0954-6650. - Nesme, Auguste (1858).
*Notice sur Théodore Olivier*(in French). Aimé Vingtrinier.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Théodore Olivier (mathematician) .

- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Théodore Olivier",
*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*, University of St Andrews - Union College Permanent Collection, "Olivier Models".
- Union College (ed.). "The Olivier Models" . Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- Canada Science and Technology Museum, ed. (2 June 2011). "Theodore Olivier 3D Geometric Models" . Retrieved 19 June 2016.

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