Théodore Reinach

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Théodore Reinach
Theodore Reinach 1913.jpg
Théodore Reinach in 1913
Born(1860-07-03)July 3, 1860
DiedOctober 28, 1928(1928-10-28) (aged 68)
Residence La Motte-Servolex, Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Education Lycée Condorcet, Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Ecole des Sciences Politiques
Occupation Archaeologist, mathematician, lawyer, papyrologist philologist, epigrapher, historian, numismatist, musicologist, professor, politician
Political party Bloc des gauches
Board member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
Spouse(s)1) Charlotte Marie Evelyne Hirsch (1863–1889)
2) Fanny Thérèse Kann (1870–1917)
ChildrenBy Charoltte:
Hélène, Gabrielle

By Fanny:
Julien, Léon, Paul, Olivier
Parent(s)Hermann-Joseph Reinach and Julie Büding
RelativesSiblings: Joseph, Salomon
Awards Legion of Honor

Théodore Reinach (July 3, 1860 – October 28, 1928) was a French archaeologist, mathematician, lawyer, papyrologist, philologist, epigrapher, historian, numismatist, musicologist, professor, and politician.

France Republic in Europe with several non-European regions

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Mathematician person with an extensive knowledge of mathematics

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

Lawyer legal professional who helps clients and represents them in a court of law

A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services.

Contents

Academic career

Educated at the Lycée Condorcet, Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Ecole des Sciences Politiques, he had a brilliant career as a scholar, and was called to the Parisian bar, where he practised from 1881 to 1886, but eventually devoted himself to the study of numismatics. He became Chair in ancient numismatics at the Collège de France and was a director of various journals. He was awarded the medal of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1916. [1] In 1917, during World War I, he worked on assignment in the United States.

Lycée Condorcet Secondary education school in Paris, Île-de-France, France

The Lycée Condorcet is a school founded in 1803 in Paris, France, located at 8, rue du Havre, in the city's 9th arrondissement. Since its inception, various political eras have seen it given a number of different names, but its identity today honors the memory of the Marquis de Condorcet. The school provides secondary education as part of the French education system. Henri Bergson, Horace Finaly, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Marcel Proust, and Paul Verlaine were educated at the Lycée Condorcet.

École pratique des hautes études French research and education institution

The École pratique des hautes études, abbreviated EPHE, is a Grand Établissement in Paris, France, and a constituent college of PSL Research University. It is counted among France's most prestigious research and higher education institutions. It is highly selective and member of the elite Université PSL. Its degrees in religious studies and in history count among the best in the world. Closely linked to École française d'Extrême-Orient and Institut français du Proche-Orient, EPHE has formed continuously world-class experts in Asian and Islamic studies and among them investment bankers, diplomat and military officers specialized in these areas. Particularly, leading researchers in military strategy have taught in EPHE for more than a century. Moreover, famous researchers in natural sciences teach and taught in EPHE. Highly regarded for its top level in both natural and human sciences, EPHE has relations and exchange programs with world-renowned institutions such as Cambridge, Princeton, and Al-Azhar.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.

He wrote important works on the ancient kingdoms of Asia MinorTrois royaumes de l'Asie Mineure, Cappadoce, Bithynie, Pont (1888), Mithridate Eupator (1890); [2] also a critical edition and translation with Henri Weil of Plutarch's Treatise on Music; and an Histoire des Israélites depuis la ruine de leur indépendance nationale jusqu'à nos jours (2nd ed., 1901).

Henri Weil French classical philologist

Henri Weil was a French philologist.

Plutarch Ancient Greek historian and philosopher

Plutarch, later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia. He is classified as a Middle Platonist. Plutarch's surviving works were written in Greek, but intended for both Greek and Roman readers.

From 1888 to 1897 Théodore Reinach edited the Revue des études grecques. [3]

He received an honorary Doctorate of Letters (D.Litt.) from the University of Dublin in June 1902. [4]

Doctor of Letters higher doctorate

Doctor of Letters is an academic degree, a higher doctorate which, in some countries, may be considered to be equal to the Ph.D. and equal to the Doctor of Science. It is awarded in many countries by universities and learned bodies in recognition of achievement in the humanities, original contribution to the creative arts or scholarship and other merits. In some countries it also regarded as the highest degree of education. When awarded without an application by the conferee, it is awarded as an honorary degree.

University of Dublin University in Dublin, Ireland, founded 1592

The University of Dublin, corporately designated the Chancellor, Doctors and Masters of the University of Dublin, is a university located in Dublin, Ireland. It is the degree awarding body for Trinity College Dublin. It was founded in 1592 when Queen Elizabeth I issued a charter for Trinity College as "the mother of a university", thereby making it Ireland's oldest operating university. It was modelled after the collegiate universities of Oxford and of Cambridge, but unlike these other ancient universities, only one college was established; as such, the designations "Trinity College" and "University of Dublin" are usually synonymous for practical purposes.

Family and Villa Kerylos

In 1886, Théodore Reinach married Charlotte Marie Evelyne Hirsch. They had two daughters but she died at age twenty-six in 1889. Théodore Reinach married a second time in 1891 to Fanny Kann, a daughter of Maximilien Kann and Betty Ephrussi. [5] They made their home in a chateau at La Motte-Servolex in the Savoie department in southeastern France. As a resident there, Théodore Reinach was elected to the Chamber of Deputies of France as a member of the Bloc des gauches, serving from 1906–1914.

Ephrussi family

The Ephrussi family is a Russian Jewish banking and oil dynasty.

La Motte-Servolex Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

La Motte-Servolex is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Savoie Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France. Its prefecture is Chambéry; it is located in the French Alps. In 2016, it had a population of 429,681.

The Reinachs spent time on the French Riviera and in 1902 hired the architect Emmanuel Pontremoli to design a villa at Beaulieu-sur-Mer. Completed in 1908 the Greek-style property was named Villa Kerylos.

Fanny Reinach died in 1917 and Theodore in 1928. He was a member of the Institut de France and on his death he bequeathed the Villa Kerylos to the Institut.

Théodore's son, Léon (1893–1943), became the keeper of the archives at Villa Kerylos. Léon Reinach was married to Béatrice de Camondo with whom he had two children. Following the German occupation of France during World War II the Villa was seized by the Nazis and Léon and Béatrice Reinach and their two children were sent to Auschwitz concentration camp where they were murdered.

After the War, other of the Reinach children and grandchildren continued to live there until 1967. Today, the Villa Kerylos is a museum open to the public.

Fanny Reinach's mother was a member of the Ephrussi family whose cousin Maurice was married to Béatrice de Rothschild. Inspired by the beauty of the Reinach's Villa Grecque Kérylos and the area, nearby they built Villa Ephrussi de Rothschild. [6]

Notes

  1. http://numismatics.org.uk/medals-honorary-fellowship-prizes/the-societys-medal/
  2. Tilley, Arthur (October 1892). "Review of Mithridate Eupator by Théodore Reinach". The English Historical Review. 7: 744–746.
  3. Archived 2004-08-07 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "University intelligence". The Times (36783). London. 2 June 1902. p. 9.
  5. "Family tree of Betty Ephrussi". Geneanet. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2008-11-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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