Théodore Tronchin (Latin : Tronchinus) (1582–1657) was a Genevan Calvinist theologian, controversialist and Hebraist.
He was born at Geneva on 17 April 1582, the son of Rémi Tronchin and Théodora Rocca, the adopted daughter of Théodore de Bèze.He studied theology at Geneva, Basel, Heidelberg, Franeker, and Leiden. He became professor of oriental languages at the academy of Geneva in 1606; he was preacher there in 1608, and professor of theology in 1618. He was rector in 1610.
In 1618 he was sent with his colleague Giovanni Diodati to the Synod of Dort, as Genevan delegate, where he spoke in favour of the perseverance of the saints.In 1632 he was army chaplain under Henri, Duke of Rohan, during his final campaign in Valtellina. In 1655 he was one of the delegation that conferred in Geneva with John Dury.
He died in Geneva on 19 November 1657. The theologian Louis Tronchin was his son.His daughter Renée married the printer Pierre Chouet, and the theologian Jean-Robert Chouet was their son.
He was an orthodox Calvinist, opposed to Amyraldism.
He was asked to reply to the Jesuit Pierre Coton, who in Genève plagiaire (1618) had attacked the Genevan Bible translation, the Bible de Genève .Benédict Turrettini answered quickly in 1618, to the early parts of the book; and Coton published a rebuttal. Tronchin's answer Coton plagiaire (also Cotton) appeared at the beginning of 1620.
Other works were:
His 1628 funeral oration for Simon Goulart is known for the hint in it that Goulart knew the author of the Vindiciae contra tyrannos .
Jacobus Arminius, the Latinized name of Jakob Hermanszoon, was a Dutch theologian from the Protestant Reformation period whose views became the basis of Arminianism and the Dutch Remonstrant movement. He served from 1603 as professor in theology at the University of Leiden and wrote many books and treatises on theology.
Daniel Chamier (1564–1621) was a Huguenot minister in France, founder of the Academy of Montpellier and author.
Giovanni Diodati or Deodati was a Genevan-born Italian Calvinist theologian and translator. He was the first translator of the Bible into Italian from Hebrew and Greek sources.
Simon Episcopius was a Dutch theologian and Remonstrant who played a significant role at the Synod of Dort in 1618. His name is the Latinized form of his Dutch name Simon Bisschop.
François Turrettini was a Genevan-Italian Reformed scholastic theologian.
Samuel Werenfels was a Swiss theologian. He was a major figure in the move towards a "reasonable orthodoxy" in Swiss Reformed theology.
Jean Le Clerc, also Johannes Clericus, was a Genevan theologian and biblical scholar. He was famous for promoting exegesis, or critical interpretation of the Bible, and was a radical of his age. He parted with Calvinism over his interpretations and left Geneva for that reason.
Irenicism in Christian theology refers to attempts to unify Christian apologetical systems by using reason as an essential attribute. The word is derived from the Greek word ειρήνη (eirene) meaning peace. It is a concept related to a communal theology and opposed to committed differences, which can cause unavoidable tension or friction, and is rooted in the ideals of pacifism. Those who affiliate themselves with irenicism identify the importance of unity in the Christian Church and declare the common bond of all Christians under Christ.
Bénédict Turrettini, the son of Francesco Turrettini, a native of Lucca, who settled in Geneva in 1579, was born at Zürich on 9 November 1588. He was ordained a pastor in Geneva in 1612, and became professor of theology in 1618.He became citizen of the Republic of Geneva in 1627.
Simon Goulart was a French Reformed theologian, humanist and poet.
Georg Cruciger (1575–1637) was a German Calvinist theologian and linguist.
Matthias Martinius (Martini) was a German Calvinist theologian and educator.
The Confession of Faith, popularly known as the Belgic Confession, is a doctrinal standard document to which many of the Reformed churches subscribe. The Confession forms part of the Three Forms of Unity of the Reformed Church, which are still the official subordinate standards of the Dutch Reformed Church. The confession's chief author was Guido de Brès, a preacher of the Reformed churches of the Netherlands, who died a martyr to the faith in 1567, during the Dutch Reformation. De Brès first wrote the Belgic Confession in 1559.
Jean-François Salvard was a Reformed theologian, originally from the Aosta Valley and who was active in France, Switzerland and in the Republic of Geneva where he died. He is known as the editor of the Harmonia confessionum of 1581.
Friedrich Spanheim the Younger was a German Calvinist theologian of conservative views, son of Friedrich Spanheim.
Philippe Mestrezat was a Genevan Calvinist minister and professor at Geneva.
Tronchin may refer to:
Louis Tronchin was a Genevan Calvinist theologian and the son of Théodore Tronchin.
Jean-Robert Chouet was an early modern physicist and political leader in the Republic of Geneva. He is chiefly remembered for introducing Cartesianism to the Académie de Genève.
| Chair of theology at the Genevan Academy |
With: Giovanni Diodati (1615-1631)
Bénédict Turrettini (1615-1645)
Friedrich Spanheim (1631-1642)
Alexander Morus (1642-1649)
Antoine Léger (1645-1654)
Philippe Mestrezat (1649-1656)
François Turrettini (1653-1656)