Théodore Turrettini

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Théodore Turrettini
Col-theodore-turrettini-portrait-circa-1895.jpg
Born(1845-04-27)27 April 1845
Geneva
Died(1916-10-07)October 7, 1916
Geneva
Scientific career
Fields engineering
Tomb of Theodore and Catherine Turrettini, Kings Cemetery, Geneva. Tombe de Theodore et Catherine Turrettini, cimetiere des Rois, Geneve.jpg
Tomb of Théodore and Catherine Turrettini, Kings Cemetery, Geneva.

Théodore Turrettini (1845–1916) was a Swiss engineer and politician.

Switzerland federal republic in Western Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

Life

Théodore Turrettini was trained as an engineer at the Polytechnic School of Lausanne, where he graduated in 1867. He then left Switzerland to train in a workshop in Frankfurt, and at the Siemens & Halske factory in Berlin. He later spent a short while in Paris. Back to Geneva in 1870, he became director of the "Society of Physical Instruments", a position he would keep until his death. His duties included the development of precision instruments, of machines and of drills for the St.Gothard tunnel. He also attempted to collaborate with Raoul Pictet in order to develop machines for producing cold.

Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.

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Turrettini's main achievement was the creation of hydroelectric power stations in Geneva, which were the most powerful of the time.

In 1891, Turrettini became a member of the International Niagara Commission.

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References

Paquier, Serge, "Turrettini, Théodore", in Dictionnaire Historique de la Suisse (in French).