Théodule-Armand Ribot

Last updated
Théodule-Armand Ribot
Theodule-Armand Ribot.jpg
Théodule-Armand Ribot
Born18 December 1839
Died9 December 1916 (aged 76)
Nationality French
Scientific career
Fields Psychology
Institutions École Normale Supérieure

Théodule-Armand Ribot (18 December 1839 9 December 1916) was a French psychologist. He was born at Guingamp, [1] and was educated at the Lycée de St Brieuc. He is known as the founder of scientific psychology in France, [1] and gave his name to Ribot's Law regarding retrograde amnesia.

Contents

In 1856 he began to teach, and was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure in 1862. [2]

He passed his agrégation in philosophy, this allowed him to teach in high school. He worked as a high school teacher in Vesoul (1866–1868), and then in Laval (1868–1872). [1]

On the 9 April 1888 at The Collège de France he gave the first lecture in psychology in France. [1]

In 1885 he gave a course of lectures on Experimental Psychology at the Sorbonne, and in 1888 was appointed professor of that subject at the College of France. His thesis for his doctors' degree, republished in 1882, Hérédité: étude psychologique (5th ed., 1889), was his most important and best known book. [2]

L'Hérédité psychologique is considered to have introduced Darwinian and Spencerian evolutionary ideas to France. [3]

Following the experimental and synthetic methods, he brought together a large number of instances of inherited peculiarities. He paid particular attention to the physical element of mental life, ignoring all spiritual or nonmaterial factors in man. In his work on La Psychologie anglaise contemporaine: l'école expérimentale (1870), he showed his sympathy with the sensationalist school, and again in his translation of Herbert Spencer's Principles of Psychology. [2]

Ribot was in 1889 the co-president (with Jean-Martin Charcot) of the first international congress for experimental psychology and in 1890 the president for the fourth congress. From the first 12 such international congresses, the International Union of Psychological Science eventually emerged.

Besides numerous articles, he wrote on Arthur Schopenhauer, Philosophie de Schopenhauer (1874; 7th ed., 1896), and on the contemporary psychology of Germany (La Psychologie allemande contemporaine, 1879; 13th ed., 1898), also four little monographs on Les Maladies de la mémoire (1881; x3th ed., 1898); De la volonté (1883; 14th ed., 1899); De la personnalité (1885; 8th ed., 1899); and La Psychologie de l'attention (1888), which supplied useful data to the study of mental illness. [2]

In 1896 he introduced the term Anhedonia describing the inability to feel pleasure. [4]

Bibliography

Works

English editions

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alfred Binet</span> French psychologist, IQ test developer (1857–1911)

Alfred Binet, born Alfredo Binetti, was a French psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test, the Binet–Simon test. In 1904, the French Ministry of Education asked psychologist Alfred Binet to devise a method that would determine which students did not learn effectively from regular classroom instruction so they could be given remedial work. Along with his collaborator Théodore Simon, Binet published revisions of his test in 1908 and 1911, the last of which appeared just before his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gustave Le Bon</span> French psychologist

Charles-Marie Gustave Le Bon was a leading French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, which is considered one of the seminal works of crowd psychology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maine de Biran</span> French philosopher (1766-1824)

François-Pierre-Gontier de Biran, usually known as Maine de Biran, was a French philosopher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Émile Boutroux</span> French philosopher and historian

Étienne Émile Marie Boutroux was an eminent 19th-century French philosopher of science and religion, and a historian of philosophy. He was a firm opponent of materialism in science. He was a spiritual philosopher who defended the idea that religion and science are compatible at a time when the power of science was rising inexorably. His work is overshadowed in the English-speaking world by that of the more celebrated Henri Bergson. He was elected membership of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1898 and in 1912 to the Académie française.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire</span>

Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire was a French philosopher, journalist, statesman, and possible illegitimate son of Napoleon I of France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alfred Jules Émile Fouillée</span> French philosopher

Alfred Jules Émile Fouillée was a French philosopher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jean Bourdeau</span>

Jean Bourdeau was a French writer, known for his books on aspects of socialism. He was also a translator of Schopenhauer, and an early adopter in France of some of the thought of Nietzsche. He wrote on a wide range of subjects, from Johannes Janssen to Maxim Gorky and the rising personality cult of Lenin. He contributed in particular to the Journal des Débats, on contemporary philosophy

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Théodore Eugène César Ruyssen</span>

Théodore Eugène César Ruyssen was a French historian of philosophy and pacifist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georges Balandier</span> French sociologist

Georges Balandier was a French sociologist, anthropologist and ethnologist noted for his research in Sub-Saharan Africa. Balandier was born in Aillevillers-et-Lyaumont. He was a professor at the Sorbonne, and is a member of the Center for African Studies, a research center of the École pratique des hautes études. He held for many years the Editorship of Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie and edited the series Sociologie d'Aujourd'hui at Presses Universitaires de France. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1976. He died on 5 October 2016 at the age of 95.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georges Dumas</span> French psychologist

Georges Dumas was a French medical doctor and psychologist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henri-Étienne Beaunis</span> French physiologist and psychologist

Henri-Étienne Beaunis was a French physiologist and psychologist. He defended the thesis of the Nancy School in the field of hypnosis. He is known for his works on anatomy, physiology, psychology and hypnosis.

Robert Blanché (1898–1975) was an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Toulouse. He wrote many books addressing the philosophy of mathematics.

Paul Fraisse was a French psychologist known his work in the field of perception of time.

Gabriel Charles Revault d'Allonnes was a French psychologist best known for his study of the psychology of attention.

Dominique Parodi was a French philosopher and educational administrator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Benjamin B. Bourdon</span>

Benjamin B. Bourdon (1860–1943) was a French psychologist born in Normandy on August 5, 1860. He is often referred to as a pioneer of experimental psychology in France. Bourdon founded the first university established Experimental Psychology and Linguistics laboratory at the University of Rennes in 1896 and integrated the first experimental psychology course in a provincial university in 1891. His life is known by means of his (1932) autobiography in Carl Murchison`s compilation of autobiographies (1932) and biographies by Nicolas, S. (1998), Beuchet (1961), and Piéron (1961). The accounts of Bourdon's life describe him as one of the few French advocates of the new scientific psychology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Foulquié</span> French philosopher and thinker

Paul Foulquié was a French thinker and philosopher known for his books on metaphysics, epistemology, existentialism and psychology. His works have been translated into different languages.

The Prix Bordin is a series of prizes awarded annually by each of the five institutions making up the Institut Français since 1835.

L'Année Psychologique is the oldest French peer-reviewed academic journal dedicated exclusively to scientific psychology. It covers cognitive psychology, experimental psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, neuropsychology, psychopathology, and history of psychology.

Serge Nicolas is a French professor of psychology at the Institute of Psychology of the University of Paris since 2003. He specializes in the study of memory and history of psychology. He is also chief-editor of the journal L'Année psychologique, and a distinguished member of the Institut Universitaire de France since 2016.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Nicolas, Serge; Charvillat, Agnès (March 2001). "Introducing psychology as an academic discipline in France: Théodule Ribot and the Collège de France (1888-1901): Théodule Ribot and the Collège de France (1888-1901)". Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. 37 (2): 143–164. doi:10.1002/jhbs.1002. PMID   11343297.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ribot, Théodule Armand". Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 286.
  3. "Acknowledgements". History of Psychiatry. 20 (4): 512. 2009-11-25. doi:10.1177/0957154x08352261. ISSN   0957-154X. S2CID   220324890.
  4. Ho, Nancy; Sommers, Marilyn (June 2013). "Anhedonia: A Concept Analysis". Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 27 (3): 121–129. doi:10.1016/j.apnu.2013.02.001. ISSN   0883-9417. PMC   3664836 . PMID   23706888.
  5. "Psychologie de l'attention : Th茅odule Ribot : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Internet Archive. 1889.