Théophile Alexis Durand (4 September 1855, Saint-Josse-ten-Noode – 12 January 1912) was a Belgian botanist.
Saint-Josse-ten-Noode or Sint-Joost-ten-Node is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. It is bordered by the City of Brussels and Schaerbeek.
He studied pharmacy at the University of Liège, afterwards travelling to Switzerland, where he befriended botanist Henri François Pittier, with whom he collaborated on studies of Swiss flora. When Pittier later moved to Costa Rica, he provided Durand with dried specimens for study purposes.Beginning in 1879, he was associated with the National Botanic Garden of Belgium, where in 1901, he succeeded François Crépin as its director. In 1910 he was appointed president of the International Botanical Congress, held in Brussels.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing, dispensing, and review of drugs and providing additional clinical services. It is a health profession that links health sciences with pharmaceutical sciences and aims to ensure the safe, effective, and affordable use of drugs. The professional practice is becoming more clinically oriented as most of the drugs are now manufactured by pharmaceutical industries. Based on the setting, the pharmacy is classified as a community or institutional pharmacy. Providing direct patient care in the community of institutional pharmacies are considered clinical pharmacy.
The University of Liège (ULiège), in Liège, Wallonia, Belgium, is a major public university in the French Community of Belgium. Its official language is French. As of 2016, ULiège is ranked in the #251–300 category worldwide according to Times Higher Education, 265nd by QS World University Rankings, and between the 205th and 300th place by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. More than 2000 people, academics, scientists and technicians, are involved in research of a wide variety of subjects from basic research to applied research.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.
With his daughter, illustrator Hélène Durand, he published "Sylloge Florae Congolanae" (1909).He also made significant contributions to the "Index Kewensis" (first supplement, 1901-1906). Some plants with the specific epithet of durandii commemorate his name, an example being Celtis durandii (family Cannabaceae).
Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis, Humulus (hops) and Celtis (hackberries). Celtis is by far the largest genus, containing about 100 species.
Émile Auguste Joseph De Wildeman was a Belgian botanist and phycologist. He is known for his investigations of Congolese flora.
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Henri François Pittier de Fabrega was a Swiss-born geographer and botanist.
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Adolphe Tonduz (1862-1921) was a Swiss botanist who collected plants in both Guatemala and Costa Rica. He was the first director of the National Herbarium of Costa Rica, which was founded in 1887. Together with Henri Pittier he published 'Primitae Florae Costaricensis' and 'Herborisations au Costa Rica'.
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Hélène Durand was a Belgian botanical illustrator.
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