Théophile Archambault (February 19, 1806 – December 12, 1863) was a French psychiatrist who was a native of Tours.
He studied in Angers and Paris, where he later worked under psychiatrist Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol (1772–1840) in an informal capacity.In 1840 he became assistant to François Leuret (1797–1851) at the Bicêtre hospital, and soon afterwards was tasked with re-organization of the Maréville asylum in Nancy. He spent seven years at Nancy, where he also gave classes on mental pathology at the school of medicine. In 1848 he succeeded Achille-Louis Foville (1799–1878) at the Charenton mental hospital.
Archambault spoke fluent English, and in 1840 translated William Charles Ellis' "Treatise on the Nature, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Insanity" into French. Other publications by Archambault include:
Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital is a teaching hospital in the 13th arrondissement of Paris. Part of the Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris and a teaching hospital of Sorbonne University, it is one of Europe's largest hospitals. It is also France's largest hospital.
Eugène (Eugeniusz) Minkowski was a French psychiatrist of Jewish Polish origin, known for his incorporation of phenomenology into psychopathology and for exploring the notion of "lived time". A student of Eugen Bleuler, he was also associated with the work of Ludwig Binswanger and Henri Ey. He was influenced by the phenomenological philosophy and the vitalistic philosophy of Henri Bergson, and by the phenomenologists Edmund Husserl and Max Scheler; therefore his work departed from classical medical and psychological models. He was a prolific author in several languages and regarded as a great humanitarian. Minkowski accepted the phenomenological essence of schizophrenia as the "trouble générateur" as he thought that it consists in a loss of "vital contact with reality" and shows itself as autism.
Bénédict Augustin Morel was a French psychiatrist born in Vienna, Austria. He was an influential figure in the field of degeneration theory during the mid-19th century.
Antoine Augustin Calmet, O.S.B., a French Benedictine monk, was born at Ménil-la-Horgne, then in the Duchy of Bar, part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Jacques-Joseph Moreau, nicknamed "Moreau de Tours", was a French psychiatrist and member of the Club des Hashischins. Moreau was the first physician to do systematic work on drugs' effects on the central nervous system, and to catalogue, analyze, and record his observations.
Hippolyte Bernheim was a French physician and neurologist, born at Mülhausen, Alsace. He is chiefly known for his theory of suggestibility in relation to hypnotism.
Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol was a French psychiatrist.
Jacques Dupin was a French poet, art critic, and co-founder of the journal L'éphemère.
Jean-Pierre Falret was a French psychiatrist. He was born and died in Marcilhac-sur-Célé.
Jules Baillarger, full name Jules Gabriel François Baillarger, was a French neurologist and psychiatrist.
Valentin Magnan was a French psychiatrist who was a native of Perpignan.
Paul Sérieux was a French psychiatrist who was a native of Paris.
François Leuret was a French anatomist and psychiatrist who was a native of Nancy.
Félix Voisin was a French psychiatrist born in Le Mans.
Louis Jean François Delasiauve was a French psychiatrist.
Jules Séglas was a French psychiatrist who practiced medicine at the Bicêtre and Salpêtrière Hospitals in Paris.
Achille-Louis Foville was a French neurologist and psychiatrist. He produced the first description of the terminal stria.
Jacques-Étienne Belhomme was a French psychiatrist who was a native of Paris. He was the son of carpenter Jacques Belhomme (1737–1824), who managed a maison de santé for the insane on Rue de Charonne in Paris.
Benjamin Ball was an English-born French psychiatrist, Professor of Mental Medicine in the Paris Faculty.
This is a translated version of 'Esprit Blanche' on French Wikipedia
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