Théophile Nata (born 1947) is a Beninese politician and a former member of the Pan-African Parliament.
Nata attended Natitingou Catholic Primary School for four years starting in 1954 and ended in 1960. He graduated from the Sainte Jeanne d' Arc de Oudah, Southern Benin after seven years.
He studied French and literature for two years at the Higher Education Centre of Lomé, Togo, as well as at Abidjan University in Côte d'Ivoire and the Sorbonne. He received a Master's Degree which dealt with colonisation and decolonisation in the novels of Aimé Césaire.
Nata acquired a PhD in Comparative Literature at the Sorbonne in 1976. He obtained a Bachelor's Degree, a Master of Arts and a Postgraduate diploma from the International Institute of Phonetics, Paris III University. He was appointed Associate Professor of French Language, Literature and Linguistics at the National University of Benin in 1976 as well.
Nata was the co-coordinator of the AGECOOP Project within the Directorate of National Commissions and Councils. He became director of the Asia Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation in 1978. In 1988, Nata was appointed as Benin's Ambassador to Algeria and then as Beninese Ambassador to the United States.
He was a participant in the 1990 National Conference and was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Benin's transitional government that same year. In 1991, he was made Commander of the National Order of Benin.
Nata served as Minister of Youth and Sports from 1991 to 1993. He founded a political party in 1992. He was elected to the National Assembly in the 1995 parliamentary election and was elected by the National Assembly as its Second Vice-President. In 1999, he was appointed Minister of Rural Development; he gained the rank of High Officer of the National Order of Benin in 2000. From 2001 to 2003, he served as Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.He was again elected as a deputy in the National Assembly in the March 2003 parliamentary election.
Nata has served in the Pan-African Parliament since 2004. Following the death of Jerome Sacca Kina Guezere in 2005, he became Fourth Vice-President of the Pan-African Parliament.
The Politics of Benin take place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, wherein the President of Benin is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the legislature. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The current political system is derived from the 1990 Constitution of Benin and the subsequent transition to democracy in 1991. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Benin a "hybrid regime" in 2019.
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