Jules Théophile Schuler
18 June 1821
|Died||26 January 1878 56) (aged|
|Resting place||Strasbourg, France|
|Known for||paintings and drawings|
|The Chariot of Death (1848–1851)|
Jules Théophile Schuler (18 June 1821 – 26 January 1878) was a French painter and illustrator in the Romantic style.He gave his name to an art award established in 1938.
The son of a pastor, he studied painting in his hometown, intaglio printmaking in Karlsruhe and finally took further lessons in the studios of Michel Martin Drolling and Paul Delaroche in Paris between 1839 and 1843.After 1848, he settled in Strasbourg where he painted, illustrated and gave drawing courses. From 1859 onwards, he collaborated with the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel, for whom he illustrated works by Verne ( Master Zacharius ), Hugo ( Les Châtiments ) and Erckmann-Chatrian, but also an alphabet for children, to which a letter "W" was added when it appeared in an American edition as Letters Everywhere: Stories And Rhymes For Children, and the children's classic Hans Brinker, or The Silver Skates .
Schuler's masterpiece is the monumental oil on canvas painting The Chariot of Death , created in a spirit of mystical despair after the French Revolution of 1848 and similar simultaneous events in Europe. It is prominently displayed in the Unterlinden Museum of Colmar, to which it was given by the artist in 1862.
In his mature years in Strasbourg, Schuler lived in a Renaissance house on 1, quai Saint-Nicolas. He is commemorated by a relief portrait below the oriel window.Since 1918, a street in Strasbourg bears his name (rue Théophile Schuler).
The Prix Théophile Schuler is awarded every year to up and coming local artists under the age of 35 by the Société des Amis des Arts et des Musées de Strasbourg ("Society of the friends of the arts and of the museums of Strasbourg"), founded in 1832, of which Schuler was a general secretary. It was established in 1938 thanks to a legacy by Schuler's daughter Alsa; in 2016, the prize amount was 3,000 Euros.
Colmar is a city and commune in the Haut-Rhin department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France. The third-largest commune in Alsace, it is the seat of the prefecture of the Haut-Rhin department and of the subprefecture of the Colmar-Ribeauvillé arrondissement.
The Unterlinden Museum is located in Colmar, in the Alsace region of France. The museum, housed in a 13th-century Dominican religious sisters' convent and a 1906 former public baths building, is home to the Isenheim Altarpiece by the German Renaissance painter Matthias Grünewald and features a large collection of local and international artworks and manufactured artifacts from prehistorical to contemporary times. It is a Musée de France. With roughly 200,000 visitors per year, the museum is the most visited in Alsace.
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The Palais Rohan in Strasbourg is the former residence of the prince-bishops and cardinals of the House of Rohan, an ancient French noble family originally from Brittany. It is a major architectural, historical, and cultural landmark in the city. It was built next to Strasbourg Cathedral in the 1730s, from designs by Robert de Cotte, and is considered a masterpiece of French Baroque architecture. Since its completion in 1742, the palace has hosted a number of French monarchs such as Louis XV, Marie Antoinette, Napoleon and Joséphine, and Charles X.
Doctor Ox is a collection of short stories by Jules Verne, first published in 1874 by Pierre-Jules Hetzel.
The history of the Jews in Alsace is one of the oldest in Europe. It was first attested to in 1165 by Benjamin of Tudela, who wrote about a "large number of learned men" in "Astransbourg"; and it is assumed that it dates back to around the year 1000. Although Jewish life in Alsace was often disrupted by outbreaks of pogroms, at least during the Middle Ages, and reined in by harsh restrictions on business and movement, it has had a continuous existence ever since it was first recorded. At its peak, in 1870, the Jewish community of Alsace numbered 35,000 people.
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Master Zacharius, or the clockmaker who lost his soul is an 1854 short story by Jules Verne. The story, an intensely Romantic fantasy echoing the works of E. T. A. Hoffmann, is a Faustian tragedy about an inventor whose overpowering pride leads to his downfall.
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The Buhl Altarpiece is a late 15th-century, Gothic altarpiece of colossal dimensions now kept in the parish church Église Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Buhl in the Haut-Rhin département of France. It was painted by followers of Martin Schongauer, most probably for the convent of the Dominican sisters of Saint Catherine of Colmar, and moved to its present location in the early 19th century. It is classified as a Monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.
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The Chariot of Death is a large allegorical painting by Théophile Schuler. It was gifted to the Unterlinden Museum by the artist in 1862. Its inventory number is 88.RP.454. The painting is considered as one of the most emblematic of the collection. A drawn copy of the painting is kept in the Cabinet des estampes et des dessins.