|Born||May 8, 1844|
Caraquet, New Brunswick, Canada
|Died|| March 11, 1911 66) (aged|
Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada
|Resting place||Saint-Pierre-aux-Liens Cemetery, Caraquet, NB|
|Education||Caraquet common school|
|Occupation||Teacher, farmer, merchant, politician|
|Children||3 sons, 1 daughter|
|Parent(s)|| Agapit Blanchard &|
Théotime Blanchard (May 8, 1844 – March 11, 1911) was a teacher, farmer, merchant and politician in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada. He represented Gloucester County from 1870 to 1875 and from 1892 to 1894 in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick and Gloucester in the House of Commons of Canada from 1894 to 1900 as a Conservative member.
New Brunswick is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. According to the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick is the only bilingual province. About two thirds of the population declare themselves anglophones and a third francophones. One third of the overall population describe themselves as bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas, mostly in Greater Moncton, Greater Saint John and the capital Fredericton.
Gloucester County is located in the northeastern corner of New Brunswick, Canada. Fishing, mining and forestry are the major industries in the county. The eastern section of the county is known for its Acadian culture.
The Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick is located in Fredericton. It was established in Saint John de jure when the colony was created in 1784, but came into session only in 1786, following the first elections in late 1785. It was the lower house in a bicameral legislature until 1891, when its upper house counterpart, the Legislative Council of New Brunswick, was abolished. Its members are called "Members of the Legislative Assembly," commonly referred to as "MLAs".
He was born in Caraquet, New Brunswick, the son of Agapit Blanchard and Anne-Marie Poirier, and the grandson of Tranquille Blanchard. He taught school in Neguac and in Caraquet. In 1867, he married Marie Gauvin. Blanchard was later named a justice of the peace.
Caraquet is a town in Gloucester County, New Brunswick, Canada.
Tranquille Blanchard was a merchant in New Brunswick whose mercantile endeavours were closely associated with Charles Robin and Company.
Neguac is a Canadian village in Northumberland County, New Brunswick.
A Roman Catholic, in the New Brunswick Legislative Assembly he helped lead the opposition to the Common Schools Act of 1871 that banned religious instruction in the province's school system based on the principle of Separation of church and state. Blanchard resigned his seat in the assembly and was appointed inspector of weights and measures for Restigouche County in 1876. From 1887 to 1892, he served as customs inspector at Caraquet. Blanchard was the first Acadian elected to the provincial assembly and the Canadian House of Commons from Gloucester County. He was defeated by Onésiphore Turgeon when he ran for reelection in 1900 and again in 1904. He died in Bathurst at the age of 66 after being injured in a vehicle accident.
The Common Schools Act of 1871 was legislation of the Canadian Province of New Brunswick, passed by the 22nd New Brunswick Legislative Assembly, which replaced the Parish Schools Act of 1858. The legislation aimed to abolish church-run schooling in New Brunswick and replace it with a system of government-run "common schools." The case of Maher v. Town Council of Portland was initiated as a result, and in the end, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council upheld the Act. The act was stridently opposed by the Roman Catholic Church and its adherents, and a series of clashes between New Brunswick Catholics and the provincial government culminated in the shooting of two people following riots at Caraquet in 1875, after which the act was substantially amended to implement a joint religious/secular schooling system.
The separation of church and state is a philosophic and jurisprudential concept for defining political distance in the relationship between religious organizations and the nation state. Conceptually, the term refers to the creation of a secular state and to disestablishment, the changing of an existing, formal relationship between the church and the state.
Restigouche County is located in north-central New Brunswick, Canada. The county is named for the Restigouche River which flows through the county and is famous for its salmon pools, which have attracted wealthy American and Canadian tourists to the region's summer colonies for decades. Forestry dominates the local economy.
Caraquet is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, Canada. It was created in 1973 from Gloucester. The riding is centred on the town of Caraquet, extending west to Grande-Anse, New Brunswick and Saint-Léolin, New Brunswick and south to Paquetville, New Brunswick.
John McMillan was a New Brunswick businessman and political figure. He represented Restigouche in the House of Commons of Canada as a Liberal member from 1867 to 1868.
Kennedy Francis Burns was a Canadian businessman and politician of the Liberal party.
George Thomas Baird was a Canadian politician.
Auguste Théophile Léger was a Canadian politician from the province of New Brunswick.
Henry Absalom Powell was a Canadian lawyer and politician.
John Wesley Weldon was a lawyer, judge and political figure in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada. He represented Kent County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1828.
Lévite Thériault was a land owner and political figure in New Brunswick. He represented Victoria County from 1868 to 1874 and Madawaska County from 1874 to 1882 and from 1886 to 1894 in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick.
George Valentine McInerney, was a lawyer and politician in New Brunswick. He represented Kent in the House of Commons of Canada from 1892 to 1900 as a Liberal-Conservative member.
Patrick George Ryan was a leather manufacturer and political figure in New Brunswick. He represented Gloucester County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1876 to 1895 as a Liberal.
Prosper Elize Paulin was a teacher, auctioneer and political figure in New Brunswick, Canada. He was elected in the 1895 provincial election to represent Gloucester County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick as a Conservative member. He served until 1899.
Robert Young was a businessman and political figure in Canada who was significant in the economic and political development of the city of Caraquet and in the province of New Brunswick.
Jean George Robichaud was a fish merchant and political figure in New Brunswick. He represented Gloucester County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1917 to 1922 and Gloucester in the House of Commons of Canada from 1922 to 1926 as a Liberal member.
Joseph Poirier was a merchant and political figure of Acadian descent in New Brunswick, Canada. He represented Gloucester County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1890 to 1895 and from 1899 to 1908 as a Conservative.
Clovis-Thomas Richard was a Canadian lawyer and political figure in the Province of New Brunswick. He was born in South Framingham, Massachusetts and raised in College Bridge, New Brunswick. He was educated at University of St. Joseph's College, earning a BA degree before attending Dalhousie University where he graduated in 1918 with a Bachelor of Laws degree.
Frederick Carman Young was a merchant and political figure in New Brunswick, Canada. He represented Gloucester County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1944 to 1960 as a Liberal member.
Bernard A. Jean was a lawyer and political figure in New Brunswick, Canada. He represented Gloucester County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick as a Liberal member from 1960 to 1970.
Caraquet is a Canadian parish in Gloucester County, New Brunswick.
Gloucester was a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, Canada from the 1828 election of the 9th New Brunswick Legislature. It mirrored Gloucester County, and used a bloc voting system to elect candidates. It was abolished with the 1973 electoral redistribution, divided up into five first past the post districts: Caraquet, Nepisiguit-Chaleur, Nigadoo-Chaleur, Shippagan-les-Îles and Tracadie.
The Dictionary of Canadian Biography is a dictionary of biographical entries for individuals who have contributed to the history of Canada. The DCB, which was initiated in 1959, is a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Laval University. Fifteen volumes have so far been published with more than 8,400 biographies of individuals who died or whose last known activity fell between the years 1000 and 1930. The entire print edition is online, along with some additional biographies to the year 2000.