Thérèse Pierre

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Thérèse Pierre
Theresepierre6.jpg
Born5 November 1908  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Died26 October 1943  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg (aged 34)
Spouse(s)Emma Pitoizet  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Awards
  • Knight of the Legion of Honour  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Thérèse Pierre (5 November 1908 26 October 1943) [1] was a French resistance fighter. [2] [3] She died after she was tortured by the German Gestapo. [4]

Contents

Early life

Thérèse Pierre was born on 5 November 1908 in Épernay, Marne. Her parents were teachers. She got the first part of the professorship in 1929. She was appointed to Évreux, then to Felletin, and became a lecturer at Bar-le-Duc, Vitré, Redon, and Fougeres.

Resistance fighter

At Carhaix, at the beginning of 1942, she met a Finistere Resistance official, the future Lieutenant-Colonel Pascal. Thérèse Pierre was 34 years old and had a history as a communist activist. Transferred to Fougères, she became the head of the borough, in September 1942, under the name of Madeleine. She participated in the organization of Francs-Tireurs et Partisans groups and their weapons. She had more than a hundred men under her responsibility. She was in contact with the regional chiefs and with the resistance fighters. She was arrested on October 23, 1943 in Fougères by the Sicherheitsdienst (SD, SS Intelligence Service), and transferred to Rennes. On October 27, 2013, a plaque was unveiled on the facade of the house she lived at 32, rue des Prés in Fougères. On the occasion of the inauguration of a commemorative plaque at the Thérèse Pierre de Fougères College, on October 27, 1979, Mrs. Germaine Guénée, a resister and close friend of Thérèse Pierre, stated:

She was cautious and at the same time daring, which made her succeed in everything she did. It is absolutely remarkable that no resistance, under his orders, was taken in the course of actions carried out by her or with her ... She passed from a frank cordiality to short and dazzling anger when the safety of the Resistance was in danger because of carelessness or gossip or imprudence. She subjugated everyone since the F.T.P. from 17 who could have been his sons to the old militants who could have been his parents. [5]

Testimony: "Thérèse Pierre? Her ordeal and death are in many memories, but their details are not well known. Transferred to Jacques-Cartier Prison, she was tortured hour by hour from her arrest until her death, beaten and flogged for two consecutive days. She remained in contact with her prison mates through the central heating channel. Madame Lequeu, of Dol, received her last words. The body was completely bruised, she dragged herself on the floor of her cell, sobbed, screamed in pain, repeated tirelessly: "I will not speak ... They will not make me talk." Towards the end of this second day, she said distinctly: "They got nothing from me ..." The next morning, she was found hanging from the bars of her jail with one of her stockings. This was alleged to be a German-staged suicide. Her fueral took place at the cathedral of Rennes, where her body was transported from the morgue." [6]

Recognition

Thérèse Pierre was awarded the Order of the Division, including War Cross with Silver Star. Two schools bear her name, including the college Thérèse-Pierre de Fougères. The medal of the French resistance was awarded to her in 1946. [7]

Robin Hunzinger's film, Where are our lovers, retraces her story.

A street in Paris pays homage to her : promenade Thérèse Pierre. [8] [ circular reference ]

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References

  1. Son corps est retrouvé au niveau du 56 boulevard Jacques-Cartier et l'acte dressé à 10h30, "le décès paraissant remonter à quelques heures". Acte de décès, mairie de Rennes.
  2. Élisabeth Terrenoire, Combattantes sans uniforme: les femmes dans la résistance, p.27; éd. Bloud et Gay, 1946
  3. Des victoires de Hitler au triomphe de la démocratie et du socialisme: Origines et bilan de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale (1939-1945), actes du colloque scientifique organisé par l'Institut Maurice Thorez octobre 1969, p. 170, éd.Éditions sociales, 1970
  4. "C. Hunzinger : " Thérèse Pierre était une héroïne "". Ouest-France.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  5. "Société d'Histoire et d'Archéologie du Pays de Fougères: HEROINES DE LA RESISTANCE FOUGERAISE:Odile Gautry, Thérèse Pierre, Mme Bouffort". 21 September 2012.
  6. "Thérèse Pierre ? (Biographie) V - LA S.P.A.C. ET L'ENFER JACQUES-CARTIER". archive.wikiwix.com. Archived from the original on 2014-12-14. Retrieved 2018-04-24.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  7. Annexe du Journal officiel de la République Française, p. 45, Paris, 1946
  8. fr:Promenade Thérèse-Pierre

http://memoiredeguerre.pagesperso-orange.fr/biogr/therese-pierre/pierre-therese-talents-de-commandement-au-service-de-la-resistance.htm

Sources

CC-BY-SA-icon-80x15.png  This article incorporates text available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.