Thérèse Renaud

Last updated

Thérèse Renaud (July 3, 1927 December 12, 2005) was a Canadian actress and writer associated with Les Automatistes. She was also known as Thérèse Leduc. [1]

Les Automatistes were a group of Québécois artistic dissidents from Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The movement was founded in the early 1940s by painter Paul-Émile Borduas. Les Automatistes were so called because they were influenced by Surrealism and its theory of automatism. Members included Marcel Barbeau, Roger Fauteux, Claude Gauvreau, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Pierre Gauvreau, Fernand Leduc, Jean-Paul Mousseau, and Marcelle Ferron and Françoise Sullivan.

Contents

She was born in Montreal. Renaud went to Paris in 1946 to study theatre. On her return to Montreal, she worked as a comedian and singer, appearing on radio and television. She returned to Paris in 1959 to work on her literary work. While there, she conducted interviews with people from the arts for Radio Canada. She worked as a professional astrologer for several years. [2]

Montreal City in Quebec, Canada

Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.

In 1946, she published Les Sables du rêve, considered to be the first Automatist work. [3] Renaud was a signatory to the Refus Global in 1948. [2]

Le Refus global, or Total Refusal, was an anti-establishment and anti-religious manifesto released on August 9, 1948 in Montreal by a group of sixteen young Québécois artists and intellectuals that included Paul-Émile Borduas and Jean-Paul Riopelle.

Renaud died in Paris at the age of 78. [4]

Personal life

She married the artist Fernand Leduc. [4]

Renaud came from a talent family. The choreographer Jeanne Renaud and the artist Louise Renaud were her sisters. [5] As well, her cousin, Estelle Mauffette, was a Quebec actress. [6]

You may be looking for one of the 110 Infant and Child Martyrs of the French Revolution. This page is about a Canadian dancer.

Louise Renaud was a Canadian artist associated with Les Automatistes.

Estelle Mauffette was a Canadian actress and comedian. She was the first actress to portray the role of Donalda in the show Un homme et son péché by Claude-Henri Grignon. She was the sister of the famous radio host Guy Mauffette.

Works [2]

Related Research Articles

Françoise d'Eaubonne was a French feminist, who introduced the term "ecofeminism" in 1974.

Stéphanie Félicité, comtesse de Genlis French musician and writer (1746-1830)

Caroline-Stéphanie-Félicité, Madame de Genlis was a French writer of the late 18th and early 19th century, known for her novels and theories of children's education. She is now best remembered for her journals and the historical perspective they provide on her life and times.

Violette Leduc French writer

Violette Leduc was a French author.

Louis-Sébastien Mercier French dramatist and writer

Louis-Sébastien Mercier was a French dramatist and writer.

Tanella Boni Ivorian poet and novelist

Tanella Suzanne Boni is an Ivorian poet and novelist. Also an academic, she is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Abidjan. Apart from her teaching and research activities, she was the President of the Association of writers of the Côte d'Ivoire from 1991 to 1997, and later the organizer of the International Poetry Festival in Abidjan from 1998 to 2002.

Fernand Leduc was a Canadian abstract expressionist painter and a major figure in the Quebec contemporary art scene in the 1940s and 1950s. During his 50-year career, Leduc participated in many expositions in Canada and France. He was born in Viauville, Montreal, Quebec.

André Salmon French poet

André Salmon was a French poet, art critic and writer. He was one of the early defenders of Cubism, with Guillaume Apollinaire and Maurice Raynal.

Nadia Chafik

Nadia Chafik is a Moroccan novelist.

Michèle Causse French academic

Michèle Causse was a French lesbian theorist, translator and author.

Thérèse Dorny French actress

Thérèse Dorny was a French film and stage actress.

Jovette Marchessault was a Canadian writer and artist from Quebec, who worked in a variety of literary and artistic domains including novels, poetry, drama, painting and sculpture. An important pioneer of lesbian and feminist literature and art in Canada, many of her most noted works were inspired by other real-life women in literature and art, including Violette Leduc, Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas, Emily Carr, Anaïs Nin and Helena Blavatsky.

Françoise Sullivan, is a Canadian painter, sculptor, dancer and choreographer.

Henriette Tassé was a Quebec journalist and writer.

Milly Mathis was a French actress who appeared in more than 100 films during her career. Born on September 8, 1901 as Emilienne Pauline Tomasini in Marseilles, France, she made her film debut with a small, uncredited role in the 1927 German film, Die Liebe der Jeanne Ney. Most of her parts would be in featured or supporting roles. Her final performance would be in a featured role in French film, Business (1960). She was also an occasional performer on France's legitimate stage. She died on March 30, 1965 in Salon-de-Provence, France, and was buried in the Cimetière Saint-Pierre in Marseilles.

Jeanne Lapointe was a Canadian academic and intellectual.

Madeleine Gagnon is a Quebec educator, literary critic and writer.

Denise Boucher is a Canadian writer living in Quebec.

References

  1. "Le cercle des automatistes et la différence des femmes" (PDF). L'Automatisme en Mouvement (in French). 34 (2–3). 1998.
  2. 1 2 3 "Renaud, Thérèse" (in French). Infocentre littéraire des écrivains.
  3. "The Automatists and the Book". Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences, 1949-1951.
  4. 1 2 "Thérèse Renaud (1927-2005) - Hommage à une femme entière". Le Devoir (in French). December 28, 2005.
  5. "Early life and training, 1928-1946 (Jeanne Renaud)". Dance Collection Danse.
  6. Elspeth Cameron; Janice Dickin (January 1, 1997). Great Dames. University of Toronto Press. p. 126. ISBN   9780802072153 . Retrieved October 7, 2019.