Thérèse Renaud (July 3, 1927 – December 12, 2005) was a Canadian actress and writer associated with Les Automatistes. She was also known as Thérèse Leduc.
Les Automatistes were a group of Québécois artistic dissidents from Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The movement was founded in the early 1940s by painter Paul-Émile Borduas. Les Automatistes were so called because they were influenced by Surrealism and its theory of automatism. Members included Marcel Barbeau, Roger Fauteux, Claude Gauvreau, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Pierre Gauvreau, Fernand Leduc, Jean-Paul Mousseau, and Marcelle Ferron and Françoise Sullivan.
She was born in Montreal. Renaud went to Paris in 1946 to study theatre. On her return to Montreal, she worked as a comedian and singer, appearing on radio and television. She returned to Paris in 1959 to work on her literary work. While there, she conducted interviews with people from the arts for Radio Canada. She worked as a professional astrologer for several years.
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.
In 1946, she published Les Sables du rêve, considered to be the first Automatist work.Renaud was a signatory to the Refus Global in 1948.
Le Refus global, or Total Refusal, was an anti-establishment and anti-religious manifesto released on August 9, 1948 in Montreal by a group of sixteen young Québécois artists and intellectuals that included Paul-Émile Borduas and Jean-Paul Riopelle.
Renaud died in Paris at the age of 78.
She married the artist Fernand Leduc.
Renaud came from a talent family. The choreographer Jeanne Renaud and the artist Louise Renaud were her sisters.As well, her cousin, Estelle Mauffette, was a Quebec actress.
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