Thérèse de Couagne (19 January 1697 – 26 February 1764) was a capitalist and slave owner who played an active role in the economy of New France.
Thérèse de Couagne was born on 19 January 1697 in Montreal, New France. She was the daughter of Charles de Couagne, a merchant trader, and Marie Gaudé She died on 26 February 1764 at the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal. She was married to François Poulin de Francheville on 27 November 1718 and became a widow on 28 November 1733. She became interested in business after her husband died.
She also inherited ownership of the slave Marie-Joseph Angélique, who was convicted of setting de Couagne's house on alight, starting the fire of Montreal in 1734.Though Angélique was executed, contemporary historians are unsure of who set the fire.
1734 (MDCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1734th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 734th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1730s decade. As of the start of 1734, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Marie-Josèphe dite Angélique was the name given by her last owners to a Portuguese-born black slave in New France. She was tried and convicted of setting fire to her owner's home, burning much of what is now referred to as Old Montreal. It had been generally accepted that Angélique was guilty, but it has recently been argued that she was innocent of the crime and was convicted more on the basis of her reputation as a rebellious runaway slave than on the basis of factual evidence. A competing theory is that she was guilty of the crime but was acting in rebellion against slavery. No consensus has been reached by historians regarding Angélique's actual guilt or innocence.
Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville was a soldier, ship captain, explorer, colonial administrator, knight of the order of Saint-Louis, adventurer, privateer, trader, member of Compagnies Franches de la Marine and founder of the French colony of Louisiana in New France. He was born in Montreal of French colonist parents.
Slavery in Canada includes both that practised by First Nations from earliest times and that under European colonization. While Britain did not ban the institution of slavery in present-day Canada until 1833, the practice of slavery in Canada ended through case law; and it died out in the early 19th century through judicial actions litigated on behalf of slaves seeking manumission. The courts, to varying degrees, rendered slavery unenforceable in both Lower Canada and Nova Scotia. In Lower Canada, for example, after court decisions in the late 1790s, the "slave could not be compelled to serve longer than he would, and ... might leave his master at will." Upper Canada passed the Act Against Slavery in 1793, one of the earliest anti-slavery acts in the world. These early measures resulted in a significant number of Black people immigrating to Canada from the United States after the American Revolution and again after the War of 1812, many by way of the Underground Railroad.
Events from the year 1734 in Canada.
Thérèse Casgrain, LL.D. was a French Canadian feminist, reformer, politician and senator.
François Poulin de Francheville, Seigneur de Saint-Maurice was a Montreal merchant who was granted permission by the King of France to mine the iron ore deposits on his seigneury in 1730. In 1730, Francheville founded the Compagnie des Forges de Saint-Maurice, but he died three years later.
Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil was a French politician, who was Governor-General of New France from 1703 to 1725, throughout Queen Anne's War and Father Rale's War.
Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville, Baroness d'Aulnoy, also known as Countess d'Aulnoy, was a French writer known for her literary fairy tales. When she termed her works contes de fées, she originated the term that is now generally used for the genre.
Afua Cooper is a Jamaican-born Canadian historian. In 2018 she is an associate professor of sociology at Dalhousie University. She is an author and dub poet. As of 2018 she has published five volumes of poetry. https://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/afua-cooper
Marie Thérèse dite Coincoin was notable as a free médecine, planter, slave owner and businesswoman at the colonial Louisiana outpost of Natchitoches.
Saint Marguerite d'Youville was a French Canadian widow who founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal, commonly known as the Grey Nuns of Montreal. She was canonized by Pope John Paul II of the Roman Catholic Church in 1990, the first native-born Canadian to be declared a saint.
Angélique de Bullion was a French benefactress influential in the foundation of Montreal.
Marie Thérèse of France was the fourth child and third daughter of Louis XIV of France and his wife, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the king's daughter, she was a Fille de France and was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale because she was the king's eldest surviving daughter. She did not survive childhood, dying at the age of five due to tuberculosis.
Marie Thérèse de Bourbon was the titular Queen consort of Poland in 1697. She was the daughter of the Prince of Condé. As a member of France's reigning House of Bourbon, she was a princesse du sang.
The Mohawk Nation reserve of Kahnawake, south of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, includes residents with surnames of Mohawk, French, Scots and English ancestry, reflecting its multicultural history. This included the adoption of European children into the community, as well as intermarriage with local colonial settlers over the life of the early village. Located along the St. Lawrence River south of the city of Montréal on the shores of the St-Louis rapids, it dates to 1667 as a Jesuit settlement called Mission Saint-François-Xavier du Sault-Saint-Louis. The original mission was located in what is now La Prairie and was called Kentake by its first Oneida settlers.
Captain François-Marie Renaud d'Avène des Méloizes was a French Cavalry officer who came to New France in 1685 in command of the Troupes de Marine and led the successful expedition against the Senecas. The Comte de Frontenac considered him "one of the best and wisest officers" in Canada. He is buried in the vaults of Notre-Dame Basilica-Cathedral, Quebec City.
Marie Morin was a nun and historian in New France. She was the first Canadian-born woman to become a nun.
Black Canadians, numbering 171,385, make up 10.3% of Montreal's population and are the largest visible minority group in the city. The majority of Black Canadians are of Caribbean and of continental African origin, though the population also includes African American immigrants and their descendants
Marie Angélique de Mackau née de Fitte de Soucy (1723-1801), was a French court office holder. She was royal governess to Élisabeth of France (1764–1794) and later to the children of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette from 1771 and 1792.
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