Thérésa (born Eugénie Emma Valladon but cited simply as Emma Valladon; 25 April 1837 — 14 May 1913) was a French singer. She often worked with Suzanne Lagier and had cartoons (caricatures) drawn by André Gill of her for the newspaper La Lune .
Eugénie Emma Valladon (but often cited simply as Emma Valladon)was born the daughter of a musician in La Bazoche-Gouet in the Eure-et-Loir department of France on 25 April 1837. As a child, Valladon dreamt of being a singer but began her career working in fashion studios.
She began her singing career by performing in small café chantants (cafe concerts) in Paris, such as in the Café Moka, Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin and the Café des Giants, enjoying modest success.During a Christmas show, Valladon was noticed by Arsène Goubert, the director of the café chantant Alcazar, who offered her three hundred francs to sing there; at this she began to use the stage name Thérésa. Within a month of her arrival at the Alcazar, Thérésa enjoyed great success both with the public and critics, and also later went to perform in Rome, Italy, and Saint Petersburg, Russia. She often worked with Suzanne Lagier and in the case of "El", they were appreciated by the public but not the critics. Increasing her popularity, Thérésa was depicted in several cartoons (caricatures) by André Gill in the newspaper La Lune . From 1867 to 1869, she took a break from singing as a result of laryngitis, which made her lose her voice, but then returned with the "popular" Les canards tyroliens.
Some of her most successful songs' choruses were sung by many people, including La gardeuse d'ours del (1863), Rien n'est sacré pour un sapeur! (1864) and La femme à barbe del (1865). She was "admired" by Alexandre Dumas, Théodore de Banville, Pauline von Metternich and Napoleon III.She was financially very successful; earning around 100,000 francs a year. She retired in 1893, but returned to the stage for an evening to perform Le Chat Noir the following year. She retired for good in 1895 when she went to live in Sarthe, where she died in 1913. She was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery.
Édith Piaf was a French singer-songwriter, cabaret performer and film actress noted as France's national chanteuse and one of the country's most widely known international stars.
Francisque Xavier Michel was a French historian and philologist.
Hélène Dutrieu, was a Belgian cycling world champion, stunt cyclist, stunt motorcyclist, automobile racer, stunt driver, pioneer aviator, wartime ambulance driver, and director of a military hospital.
Émile Cohl, born Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, was a French caricaturist of the largely forgotten Incoherent Movement, cartoonist, and animator, called "The Father of the Animated Cartoon" and "The Oldest Parisian".
Joseph Albert Alexandre Glatigny, was a French poet, comedian and playwright.
André Gill was a French caricaturist. Born Louis-Alexandre Gosset de Guînes at Paris, the son of the Comte de Guînes and Sylvie-Adeline Gosset. Gill studied at the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. He adopted the pseudonym André Gill in homage to his hero, James Gillray. Gill began illustrating for Le Journal Amusant. Gill, however, became known for his work for the weekly four-sheet newspaper La Lune, edited by Francis Polo, in which he drew portraits for a series entitled The Man of the Day. He worked for La Lune from 1865 to 1868. When La Lune was banned, he worked for the periodical L'Éclipse from 1868 to 1876. Gill also drew for famous periodical Le Charivari.
Pierre Delanoë, born Pierre Charles Marcel Napoleon Leroyer in Paris, France, was a French lyricist who wrote thousands of songs for dozens of singers such as Dalida, Edith Piaf, Charles Aznavour, Petula Clark, Johnny Hallyday, Joe Dassin, Michel Sardou or Mireille Mathieu. Delanoë was his grandmothers maiden name.
Astrolabe Glacier is a glacier 7 kilometres (4 nmi) wide and 19 kilometres (10 nmi) long, flowing north-northeast from the continental ice and terminating at the coast in a prominent tongue at the east side of Geologie Archipelago. It was first sighted in 1840 by the French expedition under Captain Jules Dumont d'Urville, although no glaciers were noted on d'Urville's chart of this coast but a formidable icy dike with perpendicular flanks of 37.7 m high according to the joined plate, corresponding to the glacier tongue. The glacier was photographed from the air by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump in January 1947. It was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1949–51, and named after d'Urville's flagship, the Astrolabe.
The Alcazar was a Café-concert which opened in 1858, located at 10 Rue du Faubourg Poissonière in Paris, and closed in 1902.
Le jeune sage et le vieux fou is an opera by the French composer Étienne Méhul with a libretto by François-Benoît Hoffman. It takes the form of a comédie mêlée de musique in one act. It was first performed at the Théâtre Favart on 28 March 1793. A revised version appeared in 1801.
Francesca Solleville is a French singer. She was born in Périgueux on 2 March 1932 and lives in Malakoff (Hauts-de-Seine). She is the granddaughter of the founder of the Italian League for the Rights of Man. She is married to the painter Louis Loyzeau de Grandmaison.
Geneviève, comtesse Hubert de Chambure Thibault was a French musicologist associated with the revival of interest in early music. She graduated from the Sorbonne in 1920 with a thesis on John Dowland and in 1925 co-founded the Société de musique d'autrefois, designed to promote the publication de musical texts and a magazine les Annales musicologiques. From 1961 to 1973, she was curator of the historical instrumentals of the Conservatoire de Paris - in addition to having amassed her own private collection. She was an important muse and teacher to the first generation of baroque specialists, including young Americans in Paris - William Christie (harpsichordist) and soprano Judith Nelson. In 1967 she founded the Laboratoire d'organologie et d'iconographie musicale at the CNRS, which was the first national center for the research of music iconography, later becoming the French national center of the Répertoire International d'Iconographie Musicale (RIdIM).
Suzanne Lagier was a French theatre actress and opera singer. She often performed with Thérésa and made many appearances in Paris, France and Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Antoine Paul Taravel, known as Xavier Privas was a French singer, poet, goguettier and composer.
Emma Liébel was a French chanteuse. She was one of the pioneers of the chanson réaliste style.
Jeanne-Henriette Tirman was a French woman painter and printmaker.
Étienne-Gabriel Peignot was a 19th-century French bibliographer.
Annie Le Brun, is a French writer, poet and literary critic.
Alceste Anastasie Hortense Cœuriot, also known under the stage name Madame Ismaël, was a French operatic mezzo-soprano. Her professional career ran from 1850 to 1888 under the last name Ismaël, which was her husband Jean-Vital Jammes' stage name, and she would keep the stage name even after their divorce in 1860. Throughout her onstage roles, she mostly portrayed roles of comic old women, "duègne" roles, or "Dugazon" roles, which were of young mothers and women past youth.
Alice Marie Marguerite Sauvrezis was a French composer, pianist, choral conductor and concert organiser. As an active member of a group of Breton composers in Paris and as president of the Société Artistique et Littéraire de l'Ouest she promoted Celticist music and culture in France.