Thérouanne

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Thérouanne
TherouanneVillage.JPG
The centre of Thérouanne
Blason Therouanne.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Thérouanne
Therouanne
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Thérouanne
Hauts-de-France region location map.svg
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Thérouanne
Coordinates: 50°38′15″N2°15′35″E / 50.6375°N 02.2597°E / 50.6375; 02.2597 Coordinates: 50°38′15″N2°15′35″E / 50.6375°N 02.2597°E / 50.6375; 02.2597
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Saint-Omer
Canton Fruges
Intercommunality Pays de Saint-Omer
Government
  Mayor (20012008) Alain Chevalier
Area
1
8.37 km2 (3.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
1,115
  Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62811 /62129
Elevation31–116 m (102–381 ft)
(avg. 38 m or 125 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Thérouanne (Dutch: Terwaan; French Flemish Terenburg) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France. It is located 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Aire-sur-la-Lys and 13 km (8.1 mi) south of Saint-Omer, on the D 157 and D 341 road junction. Located on the river Lys.

Contents

Population

Historical population of Thérouanne
Year1962196819751982199019992006
Population8688778869439711,0451,082
From the year 1962 on: No double countingresidents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

History

At the time of the Gauls, Tarwanna or Tervanna was the capital of the Belgian tribe of the Morini. After the Romans conquered Gaul, they too made the city the capital of the Civitas Morinorum district.

The origin of the name has several theories. According to the historian Malbracq, it got its name from its founder "Lucius Tauruannus", [2] others say it is derived from "Terra avanae" The land of Oats. But this second derivation seems to be a generic used term. [3]

In the 7th century, probably around 639, Saint Audomar (Saint Omer) established the bishopric of Terwaan or Terenburg, the diocese of Thérouanne, which during the Middle Ages controlled a large part of the left bank of the river Scheldt. Territorially it was part of the county of Artois which belonged to the county of Flanders. In 1303 the town was burnt by Flemish forces during the Franco-Flemish War.

Thanks to that ecclesiastical control of some of the most prosperous cities north of the Alps, like Arras and Ypres, the bishopric was able to build a cathedral which was at the time the largest in France.

The town was captured by the Emperor Maximilian and Henry VIII from the French in 1513 after the battle of the Spurs. In 1553 Charles V besieged Thérouanne, then a French enclave in the Holy Roman Empire, in revenge for a defeat by the French at the siege of Metz. After he captured the city he ordered it to be razed, the roads to be broken up, and the area to be ploughed and salted.[ dubious ] [4] Only a small commune which lay outside the city walls, then named Saint-Martin-Outre-Eaux, was left standing, and later (probably around 1800) took over the name Thérouanne. Part of the portal of the cathedral was acquired by Saint-Omer; a colossal statue of Christ is all that is left of it these days.

The disappearance of the former bishopric led to a reform of sees at the Council of Trent, and the bishopric of Thérouanne was split between those of Saint-Omer and Ypres.

Therouanne lies on the Via Francigena.

Bishops

Places of interest

Twin towns

Thérouanne is twinned with Hamstreet in Kent (in southern England, across the English Channel).

Notable people

Hugh of Saint Omer (also Hugh of Falkenberg or Hugh of Fauquembergues, died 1106) was the Prince of Galilee and Lord of Tiberias

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. Godmond, Christopher (1836). Memoir of Therrouanne, the ancient capital of the Morini in Gaul ... also a discourse on the Portus Itius of Cæsar.
  3. Postan, Michael Moïssey (1973). The Medieval Economy and Society: An Economic History of Britain, 1100-1500 . University of California Press. ISBN   978-0-520-02325-3.
  4. salting is mentioned in Elise Whitlock Rose, Cathedrals and Cloisters of Northern France, p. 8, but this is not a reliable historical source.
  5. The abbey in Base Merimée