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The centre of Thérouanne
|Intercommunality||Pays de Saint-Omer|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Alain Chevalier|
|8.37 km2 (3.23 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||31–116 m (102–381 ft) |
(avg. 38 m or 125 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Thérouanne (Dutch: Terwaan; French Flemish Terenburg) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France. It is located 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Aire-sur-la-Lys and 13 km (8.1 mi) south of Saint-Omer, on the D 157 and D 341 road junction. Located on the river Lys.
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
At the time of the Gauls, Tarwanna or Tervanna was the capital of the Belgian tribe of the Morini. After the Romans conquered Gaul, they too made the city the capital of the Civitas Morinorum district.
The origin of the name has several theories. According to the historian Malbracq, it got its name from its founder "Lucius Tauruannus",others say it is derived from "Terra avanae" The land of Oats. But this second derivation seems to be a generic used term.
In the 7th century, probably around 639, Saint Audomar (Saint Omer) established the bishopric of Terwaan or Terenburg, the diocese of Thérouanne, which during the Middle Ages controlled a large part of the left bank of the river Scheldt. Territorially it was part of the county of Artois which belonged to the county of Flanders. In 1303 the town was burnt by Flemish forces during the Franco-Flemish War.
Thanks to that ecclesiastical control of some of the most prosperous cities north of the Alps, like Arras and Ypres, the bishopric was able to build a cathedral which was at the time the largest in France.
The town was captured by the Emperor Maximilian and Henry VIII from the French in 1513 after the battle of the Spurs. In 1553 Charles V besieged Thérouanne, then a French enclave in the Holy Roman Empire, in revenge for a defeat by the French at the siege of Metz. After he captured the city he ordered it to be razed, the roads to be broken up, and the area to be ploughed and salted.[ dubious ] Only a small commune which lay outside the city walls, then named Saint-Martin-Outre-Eaux, was left standing, and later (probably around 1800) took over the name Thérouanne. Part of the portal of the cathedral was acquired by Saint-Omer; a colossal statue of Christ is all that is left of it these days.
The disappearance of the former bishopric led to a reform of sees at the Council of Trent, and the bishopric of Thérouanne was split between those of Saint-Omer and Ypres.
Therouanne lies on the Via Francigena.
Thérouanne is twinned with Hamstreet in Kent (in southern England, across the English Channel).
Hugh of Saint Omer (also Hugh of Falkenberg or Hugh of Fauquembergues, died 1106) was the Prince of Galilee and Lord of Tiberias
Arras is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais. The historic centre of the Artois region, with a Baroque town square, Arras is located in Northern France at the confluence of the Scarpe river and the Crinchon River.
Saint-Omer is a commune in France.
Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. The population of the town itself is 5,368, the population of the canton is 14,939.
The Morini were a Belgic coastal tribe, dwelling in the modern Pas de Calais region, around present-day Boulogne-sur-Mer.
Hazebrouck is a commune in the Nord department, Hauts-de-France. Hazebrouck in Flanders was a small market town before it became an important railway junction in the 1860s. West Flemish was the usual popular language used in the town until 1880. At that time French was taught at school by mandate of the French government in an effort to "Frenchify" the people of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and to extinguish their Flemish roots. The development of the railways linked Hazebrouck to Lille to Calais and Dunkirk.
The arrondissement of Saint-Omer is an arrondissement of France in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region. It has 89 communes. Its population is 129,608 (2016), and its area is 813.0 km2 (313.9 sq mi).
Aire-sur-la-Lys is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Saint Audomar, better known as Saint Omer, was a bishop of Thérouanne, after whom nearby Saint-Omer in northern France was named.
Saint-Omer Cathedral is a Roman Catholic former cathedral, a minor basilica, and a national monument of France, located in Saint-Omer. It was formerly the seat of the Bishop of Saint-Omer, but the see was not restored after the French Revolution, being instead absorbed into the Diocese of Arras under the Concordat of 1801. The church is still commonly referred to as the "cathedral" however.
Rely is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Of the early life of Erkembode, who lived in the late 7th and first half of the 8th centuries, nothing is known. It has been surmised that he was an Irish monk who travelled with several companions to Sithiu, now Saint-Omer in northern France where he lived in the monastery. He was a disciple of the abbot at Sithiu, saint Bertin, himself a disciple of saint Columbanus of Luxeuil, the Celtic abbey in the French Vosges mountains. Later Erkembode was elected by the clergy and people as bishop of Thérouanne, while remaining abbot of his abbey. In later times that abbey of Sithiu became part of the Order of Saint Benedict after the Carolingian reforms of Benedict of Aniane.
The former French diocese of Thérouanne controlled a large part of the left bank of the river Scheldt during the Middle Ages. Territorially it was part of the county of Artois which belonged to the county of Flanders.
Clairmarais is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Clarques is a former commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune Saint-Augustin.
Preures is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Wittes is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Arras (–Boulogne–Saint-Omer) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The episcopal see is the Arras Cathedral, in the city of Arras. The diocese encompasses all of the Department of Pas-de-Calais, in the Region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. The current bishop is Jean-Paul Jaeger, appointed in 1998.
The former Roman Catholic Diocese of Ypres, in present-day Belgium, existed from 1559 to 1801. Its seat was Saint Martin's Cathedral in Ypres. In 1969 it was reconstituted as a titular see.
The Communauté d'agglomération du Pays de Saint-Omer (CAPSO) is located in the Pas-de-Calais département, in northern France. It was formed on 1 January 2017 by the merger of the former Communauté d'agglomération de Saint-Omer, the Communauté de communes du Canton de Fauquembergues, the Communauté de communes du pays d'Aire and the Communauté de communes de la Morinie.
St Martin's Cathedral, also called St Martin's Church, is a church and former cathedral in the Belgian city of Ypres. It was a cathedral and the seat of the former diocese of Ypres from 1561 to 1801, and is still commonly referred to as such. At 102 metres (335 ft) tall, it is among the tallest buildings in Belgium.
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