Thích Nhật Từ

Last updated
Thích Nhật Từ
TT. Thich Nhat Tu phat bieu trong le be mac Dai le Vesak 2014.JPG
Thích Nhật Từ in 2014.
TitleDharma master, Spiritual leader
(Pháp sư)
Personal
Born
Trần Ngọc Thảo

(1969-04-01) April 1, 1969 (age 53)
SaiGon, Vietnam
Religion Buddhism
NationalityVietnamese
School Mindfulness Meditation
Founder of the Buddhism Today
Lineage43rd generation (Lâm Tế)
8th generation
EducationD.Phil. in Philosophy
Known forSpirituality
Other namesThầy (teacher)
Temple Giac Ngo Temple
Senior posting
Websitewww.buddhismtoday.com and www.chuagiacngo.com

Ven. Thich Nhat Tu or Thích Nhật Từ (釋日慈) in Vietnamese (Saigon, 1969) is a Vietnamese Buddhist reformer, an author, a poet, a psychological consultant, and an active social activist in Vietnam. [1] He is committed to propagate Buddha's teachings through education, cultural activities and charitable programs in order to benefit the individuals and the society at large. [2]

Contents

Biography

Ven. Thich Nhat Tu was born in 1969. After completing secondary high school, he became a novice at 13 years old, under the spiritual guidance of the late Most Ven. Thich Thien Hue at Giac Ngo Temple and received full ordination in 1988. He has been the Abbot of Giac Ngo Temple since 1992, and is the founder of Buddhism Today Foundation in 2000. He is also the Abbot of Huong Son temple (Ha Tinh), and Vo Uu temple (Thu Duc). [3]

In 1992 he went to India for higher education and got his MA degree in philosophy in 1997 from Delhi University and D.Phil. degree from Allahabad University in 2001, respectively. [2]

Ven. Thich Nhat Tu has authored more than seventy books in Vietnamese and English on Buddhist philosophy and applied Buddhism. He is editor-in-chief and publisher of Buddhism Today Books Series (more than 200 volumes on different subjects have been published in Vietnamese to meet the needs of researchers and practitioners). He is also author and editor of Buddhism Today Dharma Talks Series (more than 2000 VCDs and audio CDs on Buddhamdharma as taught by Ven. Dr. Thich Nhat Tu have been produced by the Buddhism Today Association for the general public). He is editor and publisher of Buddhism Today Dharma Music Series (more than 100 CD albums have been published). [4]

He is also editor and publisher of the Vietnamese Tripitaka in MP3 format (The recording of the Vietnamese Sutta Pitaka translated from the Pali by Thich Minh Chau and that of the Mahayana tradition translated from the Chinese by various Mahayana scholars, the Āgamas, and Vinaya Pitaka. The Abhidharma is being carried out. The first mp3 edition of Sutta Pitaka came into existence in May 2006 for celebrations of Buddha Jayanti and has been placed on one of its websites, [5] for downloading to both Macintosh and Windows computers. It is available for free distribution and non-commercial purposes. [6]

Since 2002, he has extensively given public Dharma talks to Vietnamese communities, domestically as well as internationally, such as America, Australia and Europe. He is organizer and moderator of A Fortnightly Retreat for about 1500 practitioners at Pho Quang Temple, HCMC. [7]

He is also actively engaged in the inter-religious dialogue and promotion of peace and harmony. He is committed to propagate Buddhist teachings through education, cultural activities and charitable programs in order to benefit the society at large. [2]

Ven. Dr. Thich Nhat Tu currently serves as deputy rector of the Vietnam Buddhist University, deputy chair of the National Department of International Buddhist Affairs (National Vietnam Buddhist Sangha), Vice Director of Vietnam Buddhist Research Institute, vice chair of National Department of Buddhist Education, vice chair of National Department of Dharma Propagation and editor-in-chief of Buddhism Today magazine and Vietnam Buddhist University series. [4]

Education and conference

In spite of being born in the period when the country was still in difficulties with after war consequences, all Buddhist schools were forced to close, he was fortunate enough to be trained under respected Buddhist leaders in Vietnam in the 20th century, namely Thich Minh Chau, Thich Thien Sieu, Thich Duc Nghiep, etc... Thanks to their teachings and training, when still a Samanera, he was already rich in knowledge of Theravada and Mahayana sutras. He got a Bachelor of Arts in English in 1994, University of Pedagogy; Master of Philosophy in 1997, Delhi University; Doctor of Philosophy in 2001, Allahabad University. [8] [9]

Thich Nhat Tu has attended and contributed papers at international Buddhist conferences such as the International Conclave on Buddhism and Spiritual Tourism (New Delhi), Fo Guang Shan International Monastic Seminar (Kaohsiung), the Fourth World Buddhist Summit (Bangkok), Dharma Drum Mountain World Center for Buddhist Education Conference (Taipei), the First World Buddhist Forum (Hangzhou), the 23rd General Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists (Kaohsiung), the First International Buddhist Conference (Kandy), International Buddhist Conference during United Nations day of Vesak (Thailand, 2007–2013), the Asian Zen Conference (international seminar on Meditation and Zen, Hong Kong), International Conference on Dharma – Dhamma (Sanchi/ Bhopal, India), National Conference on Buddhist Education (Hanoi), the International Conference on Buddhism in the New Era (HCM), International Conference on Multi-ethnic and Multi-language Asia, and others (HCM), etc. [10]

He was international conference coordinator of United Nations Day of Vesak conference 2008 and 2014. He was convenor of several national conference on philosophy and Buddhism co-organised by Vietnam Buddhist University, Vietnam Buddhist Research Institute and HCM University of Humanities and Social Sciences. [3]

He has been appointed as the International Organising Committee member of the UN Day of Vesak Celebration 2006–2012 and vice chair, international secretariat of the UN Day of Vesak Celebration 2007, Bangkok, general secretary of UNDV in 2008 and again deputy general secretary of UNDV 2014. [11]

Honorary doctorates

In appreciation of his excellent contribution to Buddhist education, his works on Buddhist academic research and leadership in international Buddhist community, several universities have conferred upon him Honorary Doctorates as follows:

International Awards and Recognitions

Vietnamese Government Awards and Recognitions

National Vietnam Buddhist Sangha Awards

Promotion of the Buddhist culture

Since 2002, Thich Nhat Tu set up a Buddhist Music Club in Ho Chi Minh city, with the participation of many famous songwriters, singers and actors to propagate the Buddhist philosophy and practice for general public. He is the editor and publisher of more than 150 CD, VCD, DVD of Buddhist music since 2002. [18]

Being a secretary general of Cultural Department, HCMC Buddhist Sangha (2002–2007) and chairman of the Cultural Department of HCMC Buddhist Sangha (since 2012), every year he organises many Buddhist cultural performances at Lan Anh theatre and Hoa Binh theatre. On top of that, many Buddhist exhibitions, calligraphy, and arts have been organised by him too. [19]

He wrote Follow the Footsteps of the Buddha in India and Nepal, a book that bought the inspiration for the VTC1 Television to accompany him to India to make documentary film about Buddhist pilgrimage in India and Nepal. [19]

Charity for the poor and jail inmates

He is an active social activist and charity fundraiser to help the poor, the old, children, homeless and those suffered from natural disasters, etc... He formed Buddhism Today Charity Group in 2000 to sponsor hundreds of eyes operation a year, donating to Social Support Centers, Retirement Houses, Orphanage Houses, Youth Education Centers, and cancer patients in many hospitals in Vietnam. [20] [21]

He has conducted meditation retreats for thousands of inmates in several rehabilitation facilities and correctional facilities in South Vietnam, such as Tan Hiep (1200 inmates), Chanh Phu Hoa (1000 inmates), Phu Nghia (400 inmates) and Ba Ria Vung Tau (800 inmates). [22]

On February 5 and April 23, 2007, a total of 1850 “long-term” inmates of K.20 Prison, a security jail in Ben Tre Province, and on May 1, 2010, a total of 5500 inmates of Son Phu 4, Thai Nguyen city, under his guidance, have observed vegetarianism and mindfulness practice as a path to inner freedom. [23] [24]

The Buddhist Youth Club

He took part in the foundation of The Buddhist Youth Club in 2006. He promoted the youth activities in South Vietnam in 2010 in which there were 4,000 young Buddhists from 24 cities and provinces to participate in the Buddhist Summer Camp in Dai Nam Theme Park, Binh Duong Province. [25]

Nowadays his model of Buddhist Youth Club has been applied by many provincial Buddhist Sanghas to propagate Buddhism and organise retreats for lay followers, as well as giving exam consultation every year., [26] [27]

The Dhamma Door

In hundreds of his Dharma talks, Ven. Thich Nhat Tu urges monks, nuns, and lay people to practice the original teachings of the Buddha, in which The Four Noble Truths (sufferings, origin of sufferings, cessation of sufferings, and path leading to cessation of sufferings) and The Noble Eightfold Path are the central doctrine of all Buddhist traditions, a conceptual framework for all of Buddhist thoughts, instead of being influenced by the Chinese Buddhism. [28]

According to Ven Thich Nhat Tu, there is no such of 84,000 Dharma doors as stated by Chinese schools. In original Buddhism, there is no second Dharma door except threefold learning Discipline, Meditation, and Wisdom. Chinese Dharmas only focus on a few sutras, and tend to ignore all other teachings of the Buddha, as a consequence it is not comprehensive enough to help people cure sufferings completely. To him, 10 Dhamma Doors of China, 14 Dhamma Doors of Japan, and 4 of Tibet are only two parts of The Noble Eightfold Paths which are Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration. Dharma doors propagators have ignored Right View, Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, and Right Effort. That is why none of the Dharma Doors is comprehensive. [29]

He urges Vietnamese Buddhist monks, nuns and lay followers to come back to the traditional Buddhism, maintain and propagate Vietnamese Buddhist culture in Vietnam, not to let it be influenced by Chinese traditions which have rooted in Vietnam in the past 2,000 years. He calls for a traditional Vietnamese chanting and writing. In Vietnam, all should be chanted and written in Vietnamese language so that everyone understands and follows the Buddha's teaching appropriately, as the full transition of Chinese tradition has deteriorated the initiatives and growth of Vietnamese Buddhism. [30]

United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 and 2014 in Vietnam

The greatest contribution of Ven. Thich Nhat Tu to the public relation of Vietnam Buddhist Sangha is successfully calling for the celebration of UN Day of Vesak (UNDV) [31] (United Nations Day of Vesak) 2008 and 2014 in Vietnam. As the deputy secretary of International Organising Committee (IOC) of United Nations Day of Vesak in Bangkok, he drafted the charter of UNDV, and introduced Le Manh That to IOC of UNDV. As a result, in late 2007, Le Manh That was appointed by IOC as chairman and Ven. Thich Nhat Tu as secretary general of UNDV in 2008, hosted by the Government of Vietnam at National Conference Center, Hanoi, Vietnam.

UNDV 2008 has attracted 550 Buddhist leaders and representatives from 78 countries to attend, while UNDV 2014 attended by 1100 international participants from 95 countries. In 2008, it was one of the 10 biggest events of the country, also a historical record in Vietnam. [32] [33] [34]

UNDV in 2008 and 2014 proved an amazing spectacle of religious and spiritual festivity, with thousands of Buddhists from the world to spread Buddha's message of peace, love and harmony. [35]

He successfully called for the celebration of World Buddhist Summit in Vietnam in 2010, in the Millennial Anniversary of Hanoi. Unfortunately, it was cancelled due to conflicted views between VN Buddhist Sangha and World Buddhist Summit Organisation. It is believed that Thich Nhat Tu is of Vietnamese Monks who has been able to being a bridge between National Vietnam Buddhist Sangha and international Sanghas. Thanks to that VN Buddhist Sangha has gained its reputation internationally. [36] [37]

Buddhist books by Thích Nhật Từ

I. English books

II. Books on applied Buddhism

III. Buddhist chanting books translated by Thich Nhat Tu

Related Research Articles

Thích Nhất Hạnh Buddhist monk and activist (1926–2022)

Thích Nhất Hạnh was a Vietnamese Thiền Buddhist monk, peace activist, prolific author, poet, teacher, and founder of the Plum Village Tradition, historically recognized as the main inspiration for engaged Buddhism. Known as the "father of mindfulness", Nhất Hạnh was a major influence on Western practices of Buddhism and mindfulness.

Vesak Buddhist festival marking the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha

Vesak, also known as Buddha Jayanti, Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists in South Asia and Southeast Asia as well as Tibet and Mongolia. The festival commemorates the birth, enlightenment (Nibbāna), and death (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha in Theravada, Tibetan Buddhism and Navayana.

Engaged Buddhism, also known as socially engaged Buddhism, refers to a Buddhist social movement that emerged in Asia in the 20th century, composed of Buddhists who are seeking ways to apply the Buddhist ethics, insights acquired from meditation practice, and the teachings of the Buddhist dharma to contemporary situations of social, political, environmental and economic suffering, and injustice. Finding its roots in Vietnam through the Thiền Buddhist teacher Thích Nhất Hạnh, Engaged Buddhism was popularised by the Indian jurist, politician, and social reformer B. R. Ambedkar who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement in the 1950s, and has since grown by spreading to the Indian subcontinent and the West.

Thích Quảng Đức Vietnamese Buddhist monk and self-immolator (1897–1963)

Thích Quảng Đức was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon road intersection on 11 June 1963. Quảng Đức was protesting the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government led by Ngô Đình Diệm, a staunch Roman Catholic. Photographs of his self-immolation circulated around the world, drawing attention to the policies of the Diệm government. John F. Kennedy said of one photograph, "No news picture in history has generated so much emotion around the world as that one." Malcolm Browne won a Pulitzer Prize for his photograph of the monk's death.

Buddhism in Vietnam Buddhism in Vietnam

Buddhism in Vietnam, as practiced by the ethnic Vietnamese, is mainly of the Mahayana tradition and is the main religion. Buddhism may have first come to Vietnam as early as the 3rd or 2nd century BCE from the Indian subcontinent or from China in the 1st or 2nd century CE. Vietnamese Buddhism has had a syncretic relationship with certain elements of Taoism, Chinese spirituality, and Vietnamese folk religion.

The Order of Interbeing is an international Buddhist community of monks, nuns and laypeople in the Plum Village Tradition founded between 1964 and 1966 by Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thích Nhất Hạnh.

The Plum Village Community of Engaged Buddhism, Inc. and its sister organization, the French Congregation Bouddhique Zen Village des Pruniers are the governance bodies of the monasteries, press and fundraising organizations established by the Zen Buddhist monk Thich Nhat Hanh. The name Unified Buddhist Church, which originated in Vietnam, was intended to signify that this tradition practices to embrace all the teachings of the Buddha, whether they belong to the Mahāyāna or Theravāda stream.

Thích Quảng Độ was a Vietnamese Buddhist monk and scholar who was the patriarch of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV) from 2008 until his death. Since the execution of his master at the hands of the communist Viet Minh in his teenage years, Thích Quảng Độ had been involved in political activism, firstly against the anti-Buddhist policies of the Catholic President of South Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem. After the fall of Saigon, the UBCV was banned by the communist government, and as one of the senior monks in the organisation, Thích Quảng Độ was at the forefront of the UBCV's defiance of the government, refusing to join the government-endorsed Vietnamese Buddhist Church. He was detained repeatedly by the communist authorities in the last 45 years of his life for his resistance and criticism of their policies, particularly his calls for multi-party democracy. During the Vietnam War period, he also served as a university academic in Buddhism, translated sutras and wrote books, notably a nine-volume Buddhist encyclopedia, and two-volume dictionary between Vietnamese and Sino-Vietnamese.

Thích Trí Quang Vietnamese Buddhist monk

Thích Trí Quang was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk best known for his role in leading South Vietnam's Buddhist population during the Buddhist crisis in 1963, and in later Buddhist protests against subsequent South Vietnamese military regimes until the Buddhist Uprising of 1966 was crushed.

The Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam is a Buddhist organization in Vietnam. The Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam was founded in 1964 in order to unify 11 of the 14 different sects of Vietnamese Buddhism which were present in the country at the time. The unification also came in response to a government that was increasingly being seen as hostile to Buddhists during the Vietnam War.

Thiên Mụ Temple

The Thiên Mụ Temple is a historic temple in the city of Huế in Vietnam. Its iconic seven-story Phước Duyên pagoda is regarded as the unofficial symbol of the city, and the temple has often been the subject of folk rhymes and ca dao about Huế.

Giác Lâm Temple

Giác Lâm Temple is a historic Buddhist temple in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. Built in 1744, it is one of the oldest temples in the city. It was officially listed as a historical site by the Vietnamese Department of Culture on November 16, 1988 under Decision 1288 VH/QD. The temple is located at 118 Lạc Long Quân, in the 23rd ward of Tân Bình district, in the Phú Thọ Hòa region of the city. It stands on Cẩm Sơn, and is also known as Cẩm Đệm and Sơn Can.

Tịnh Xá Trung Tâm Vietnamese temple

Tịnh Xá Trung Tâm is a Buddhist temple in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. It was founded in 1965 and is the spiritual birthplace of the khất sĩ tradition of Vietnamese Buddhism that attempts to recreate the original tradition of the Buddhist sangha by walking barefoot and begging for alms. The temple is located at 7 Nguyễn Trung Trực Street, in Bình Thạnh District. It is known for its weekly Bát Quan Trai Giới retreat, which is staged more frequently than at other institutions in the city, and has a reputation among its followers for rigour and discipline. The attendees of the temple are typically over 40 years of age and are overwhelmingly female.

Vạn Hạnh Zen Temple

Vạn Hạnh Zen Temple is a Zen Buddhist temple in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. The temple is located at 716 Nguyễn Kiệm Street on the road between Go Vap and Phu Nhuan districts. It is the location of the main Buddhist training centre for sangha in Vietnam, and is also the office of the Vietnamese Buddhist Research Institute.

Vietnam Buddhist Sangha Political party in Vietnam

Vietnam Buddhist Sangha is the only Buddhist sangha recognised by the Vietnamese government, and a member of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front. It was founded after Vietnam's Buddhist Convention at Quán Sứ Pagoda on November 7, 1981, to unify Buddhist activities of Vietnamese monks, nuns and lay followers. The head of this sangha since 2021, the Most Venerable Thích Trí Quảng is the acting Suppreme Patriarch following the Most Venerable Thích Phổ Tuệ, died on October 21, 2021, at the age of 105.

Nhat Chi Mai Vietnamese Buddhist nun (1934 – 1967)

Nhất Chi Mai, born Phan Thị Mai and legally named Thích nữ Diệu Huỳnh, was a Buddhist nun who killed herself in an act of self-immolation in Saigon on May 16, 1967 in protest at the Vietnam War.

Thiền Vietnamese version of Chan Buddhism

Thiền Buddhism is the Vietnamese version of Zen Buddhism. Thiền is the Sino-Vietnamese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (chán), an abbreviation of 禪那 (chánnà), which is a transliteration of the Sanskrit word dhyāna ("meditation").

Karuna Dharma was an American Buddhist scholar and nun. She was the first American-born woman to become a fully ordained Buddhist nun in the Vietnamese tradition. She was the abbess of the International Buddhist Meditation Center of Los Angeles.

Thích Phước Ngọc Buddhist monk

Thich Phuoc Ngoc or Dhammananda Thero Thich Phuoc Ngoc - a Buddhist monk is a Venerable of Sri Lanka Buddhist Sangha. He has been known for positive contributions to humanitarian and social security activities, is the founder of the first Buddhist orphanage in Vietnam.

Thích Phổ Tuệ was a Vietnamese Buddhist monk. In 2007 until his death, he held the position of Supreme Patriarch for the Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam.

References

  1. "Phật Pháp Ứng Dụng - Website Phật Giáo | Chuyên nội dung Phật Pháp". Phật Pháp Ứng Dụng. Retrieved 2019-12-17.
  2. 1 2 3 "VIETNAMNET.VN báo Tuần việt nam tin việt nam nét.com.vn mới nhất". baiviet.com (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2019-12-17.
  3. 1 2 "Giaodiemonline.com". giaodiemonline.com. Retrieved 2019-12-17.
  4. 1 2 Tiểu sử Thầy Thích Nhật Từ
  5. http://tusachphathoc.com
  6. Đại tạng Kinh Việt Nam MP3
  7. Pháp thoại Thích Nhật Từ theo năm
  8. Tiểu sử Thích Nhật Từ, theo Tủ sách Phật học
  9. Vài nét về Thích Nhật T, theo Đạo Phật Ngày Nay
  10. "Hoi thao Phat giao the gioi lan thu 3 nhan Dai le Phat dan cua LHQ tai Bangkok Thich Nhat Tu". www.buddhismtoday.com. Retrieved 2019-12-17.
  11. "Buddhist online magazine debuts amid upcoming Vesak in Hanoi". VietNamNet Bridge. 5 April 2008. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  12. "Đại đức Thích Nhật Từ nhận bằng tiến sĩ danh dự của đại học Mahakakut, Thái Lan".
  13. "TT.Thích Nhật Từ nhận bằng tiến sĩ danh dự". 17 May 2016.
  14. Dũng, Trọng Đức-Ngộ. "TT. Thích Nhật Từ nhận bằng tiến sĩ danh dự của trường đại học Mahachulalongkorn - Thái Lan". www.daophatngaynay.com.
  15. "Cổng thông tin Phật giáo thuộc Giáo hội Phật giáo Việt Nam".
  16. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2016-09-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. Từ, Thích Nhật. "Đạo Phật Ngày Nay". www.daophatngaynay.com.
  18. Buddhist Musics edited by Thich Nhat Tu
  19. 1 2 "Những nẻo đường của Phật Thích Ca". Archived from the original on 2014-06-02. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
  20. "Charity run by Thich Nhat Tu in Vietnam".
  21. "Charity in India organised by Thich Nhat Tu".
  22. "Hướng dẫn Phật pháp cho phạm nhân".
  23. Đến trại giam chia sẻ yêu thương với phạm nhân , Theo Giao Điểm
  24. Thích Nhật Từ thuyết pháp và hướng dẫn thiền cho phạm nhân
  25. Buddhist Youth Camp in Binh Duong organised by Thich Nhat Tu
  26. "Khởi động chương trình Hội Trại mùa hè Lý Công Uẩn 2010 :: HOA LINH THOAI ::".
  27. Bình, Tin, ảnh: Chí Giác Thông-Tiểu. "Hội trại Lý Công Uẩn chính thức bế mạc trong thành công tốt đẹp". www.daophatngaynay.com.
  28. Thich Nhat Tu on Eightfold Path
  29. Thich Nhat Tu on Buddha's philosophy
  30. "Tag: Sách của thầy Thích Nhật Từ". www.daophatngaynay.com.
  31. "Đại lễ Phật đản Liên hợp quốc 2008 khai mạc tại Hà Nội". Tuổi Trẻ . May 14, 2008.
  32. "UN Vesak Celebrations 2008 in Vietnam". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
  33. Tin tức tương tự, theo Sài Gòn Giải Phóng
  34. Tin tức vế Đại lễ Phật đản LHQ 2008, theo Đài tiếng nói Việt Nam
  35. Đại lễ Phật đản LHQ 2008, theo Phật tử Việt Nam
  36. Sự thành lập Liên minh thế giới về giao lưu văn hóa Phật giáo, theo Đạo Phật Ngày Nay
  37. Tin tức như chú thích trên, theo Giáo hội Phật giáo Việt Nam