Thüngfelderstein Castle

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Thüngfelderstein Castle
Burgstall Thüngfelderstein
Burg Eberhardstein
Gößweinstein-Morschreuth

Burgstall Thungfelderstein01.jpg

Burgstall Thüngfelderstein
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 49°44′39″N11°14′54″E / 49.744086°N 11.248466°E / 49.744086; 11.248466 Coordinates: 49°44′39″N11°14′54″E / 49.744086°N 11.248466°E / 49.744086; 11.248466
Type Hill castle, moat
Code DE-BY
Height400 m above  sea level (NHN)
Site information
Condition burgstall (no above-ground ruins)
Site history
Built 12th century

The ruins of Thüngfelderstein Castle (German : Burgstall Thüngfelderstein), also called Eberhardstein Castle (Burg Eberhardstein), are the burgstall of a demolished hill castle on a block of rock near Morschreuth in the south German state of Bavaria. The site lies within the market municipality of Gößweinstein in the county of Forchheim.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

<i>Burgstall</i> German castle site, ruin

A burgstall is a German term referring to a castle of which so little is left that its appearance cannot effectively be reconstructed. It has no direct equivalent in English, but may be loosely translated as "castle site". Variations in the literature include Burgstelle, Altburgstelle, die Burgställe (plural), Burgstähl (archaic) or abgegangene Burg. In German castle studies, a burgstall is a castle that has effectively been levelled, whereas a "ruin" (Ruine) still has recognisable remnants of the original castle above the level of the ground.

Hill castle castle built on a natural feature that stands above the surrounding terrain

A hill castle is a castle built on a natural feature that stands above the surrounding terrain. It is a term derived from the German Höhenburg used in categorising castle sites by their topographical location. Hill castles are thus distinguished from lowland castles (Niederungsburgen).

The castle was built in the 12th century by the lords of Thüngfeld; in 1154, for example, an Eberjard von Thüngfeld is mentioned.

Of the former tower castle only a moat has survived.

Tower castle

A tower castle is a small castle that mainly consists of a fortified tower or a tower-like structure that is built on natural ground. It is thus different from the motte-and-bailey castle, which it may resemble, but whose main defensive structure is built on a motte or artificial hill. The tower castle is occasionally also described as a tower house castle or a tower house.

Moat dry or watery ditch surrounding a fortification or town

A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence. In some places moats evolved into more extensive water defences, including natural or artificial lakes, dams and sluices. In older fortifications, such as hillforts, they are usually referred to simply as ditches, although the function is similar. In later periods, moats or water defences may be largely ornamental. They could also act as a sewer.

Literature

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