The Thüste in front of the Thüster Berg
|Length||7 km (4.3 mi)|
|Parent range||Leine Uplands, Lower Saxon Hills|
|Age of rock||Upper Jurassic|
|Type of rock||Limestone (Thüster limestone), claystone, marl|
The Thüster Berg is a ridge, up to, in the Lower Saxon Hills in central Germany. It is situated in the districts of Hameln-Pyrmont and Hildesheim in the federal state of Lower Saxony.
The Lower Saxon Hills are one of the 73 natural regions in Germany defined by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). Geographically it covers roughly the same area as the Weser Uplands in its wider sense.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Lower Saxony is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany. It is the second-largest state by land area, with 47,624 km2 (18,388 sq mi), and fourth-largest in population among the 16 Länder federated as the Federal Republic of Germany. In rural areas, Northern Low Saxon and Saterland Frisian are still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining.
The Thüster Berg lies within a triangle formed by the villages of Eime, Duingen and Salzhemmendorf in the western half of the Leine Uplands, which itself is in the northern part of the Lower Saxon Hills. It is about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long and its highest peak is the Kanstein. It lies between Hemmendorf and Oldendorf in the north, Ahrenfeld, Deilmissen and Deinsen in the south, Marienhagen in the southeast, Weenzen and Thüste in the south, Levedagsen and the Domäne Eggersen in the west and the village of Salzhemmendorf to the northwest.
Eime is a municipality in the district of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Duingen is a village and a municipality in the district of Hildesheim, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated approximately 25 km southwest of Hildesheim, and 40 km south of Hanover. Since 1 November 2016, the former municipalities Coppengrave, Hoyershausen, Marienhagen and Weenzen are part of the municipality Duingen.
Salzhemmendorf is a village and a municipality in the Hamelin-Pyrmont district, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated approximately 20 km east of Hamelin and 31 km west of Hildesheim and is located on the route 1. It is a nationally recognized health resort with a therapeutic brine thermal bath "Ith-Sole-Therme".
North of the Thüster Berg is the Osterwald, to the east the Külf, to the southeast the Duinger Berg and to the west the Ith. The River Saale, a southwestern tributary of the Leine flows to the west and north of the ridge. Its northwestern part belongs to the Weser Uplands Schaumburg-Hamelin Nature Park.
The Külf is a ridge, up to 260 m above NN, in the Leine Uplands in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Duinger Berg is a hill range, up to 331 m above NN, in the Lower Saxon Hills and the district of Landkreis in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Ith is a ridge in Germany's Central Uplands which is up to 439 m high. It lies about 40 km southwest of Hanover and, at 22 kilometres, is the longest line of crags in North Germany.
The B 1 federal highway runs past the Thüster Berg to the north and the B 240 to the southeast.
The Bundesstraße 1 is a German federal highway running in an east-west direction from the Dutch border near Aachen to the Polish border at Küstrin-Kietz on the Oder River.
The Thüster Berg is an upfold of Thüster limestone. On its steeply sloping northern flanks there are several limestone crags, mostly hidden in forest, which have names such as Eckturm, Dreckturm, Falkenturm and Liebesnadel (literally: "Corner Tower", "Mud Tower", "Falcon Tower" and "Needle of Love"). The rock ledge of the Eckturm () juts out of the forest towards the northwest below the summit of the Kanstein and forms a natural observation platform. There are disused limestone quarries on the southwestern side of the ridge.
Limestone is a carbonate sedimentary rock that is often composed of the skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, foraminifera, and molluscs. Its major materials are the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). A closely related rock is dolostone, which contains a high percentage of the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2. In fact, in old USGS publications, dolostone was referred to as magnesian limestone, a term now reserved for magnesium-deficient dolostones or magnesium-rich limestones.
The Thüster Berg is densely wooded, especially with stands of deciduous trees. Amongst the species of tree that thrive here are birch and pine.
A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Green List of Threatened Species. They are a typically rather short-lived pioneer species widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in northern areas of temperate climates and in boreal climates.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus of the family Pinaceae. Pinus is the sole genus in the subfamily Pinoideae. The Plant List compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden accepts 126 species names of pines as current, together with 35 unresolved species and many more synonyms.
On the Kanstein, the main summit ( km further east-southeast is a telecommunication tower ( ).) of the Thüster Berg, stands an observation tower, known as the Löns Tower (Lönsturm, ) and about 1
Numerous forest tracks run over the Thüster Berg. One of them runs over the crest of the ridge from Salzhemmendorf to Marienhagen past the Eckturm, Löns Tower and telecommunication tower.
The Holzberg is a small range of hills up to 444.5 m above sea level (NN) in south Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Vorholz is a ridge up to 243 m high in the districts of Hildesheim and Wolfenbüttel in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Elfas is a range of hills up to 409.6 m above sea level (NN) in the districts of Holzminden and Northeim in Lower Saxony (Germany). Its name is derived from the Lower Saxon word Fast, which means an area of upland that descends on two sides.
The Hildesheim Forest is a range of hills up to 359 m above sea level (NN) in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Sieben Berge are a ridge of hills up to 395 m above sea level (NN) in the Lower Saxon Hills in the district of Hildesheim, Lower Saxony (Germany). Together with the Vorberge and the Sackwald the Sieben Berge belong to the geological formation of the Sackmulde.
The Sackwald is a ridge, up to 374 m above sea level (NN) high, in the Lower Saxon Hills in the district of Hildesheim in the North German state of Lower Saxony. It is named after the village of Sack in the borough of Alfeld, the name meaning "Sack Forest".
The Osterwald is a ridge in the Calenberg Uplands and together with the Nesselberg and the Kleiner Deister forms a unified group of three adjacent ranges in the Leine Uplands. It lies between Coppenbrügge, Eldagsen and Elze in the North German state of Lower Saxony.
The Selter is a ridge, up to 395 m above NN, in the Lower Saxon Hills in the districts of Hildesheim, Holzminden and Northeim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Amtsberge are a relatively small ridge, up to 392.2 m above sea level (NN), near Dassel in southern Lower Saxony in Germany.
The Vorberge are a ridge, up to 353 m above sea level (NN) high, in the Lower Saxon Hills and within the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony. Together with the Sieben Berge and the Sackwald, the Vorberge belong to the geological formation of the Sackmulde.
The Hube is a ridge, up to 346.2 m above sea level (NN), in the Leine Uplands and district of Northeim, in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Reuberg is a ridge, up to 328.2 m above NN, in the Lower Saxon Hills in the districts of Holzminden and Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Heber is a hogback ridge, relatively small in area and up to 313.5 metres high, in the Lower Saxon Hills within the districts of Goslar, Northeim and Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Rotenberg is a hill range, up to 317.3 m high, in the Lower Saxon Hills in southeastern Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Steinberg is a small hill ridge, up to 300.3 m above NN, in the Lower Saxon Hills in the districts of Holzminden and Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Giesen Hills are a ridge, up to 162.6 metres high, in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.
At 358.9 m above sea level (NHN) the Griesberg near Bad Salzdetfurth in the Lower Saxon county of Hildesheim is the highest hill in the Hildesheim Forest, a small range of the Innerste Uplands.