Thüster Berg

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Thüster Berg

Thusterberg1.jpeg

The Thüste in front of the Thüster Berg
Highest point
Peak Kanstein
Elevation 441 m above NN
Dimensions
Length 7 km (4.3 mi)
Geography
Ith-Hils-Karte.png
Overview map: The Thüster Berg is in the upper centre
State Lower Saxony
Range coordinates 52°03′28″N9°37′25″E / 52.05778°N 9.62361°E / 52.05778; 9.62361 Coordinates: 52°03′28″N9°37′25″E / 52.05778°N 9.62361°E / 52.05778; 9.62361
Parent range Leine Uplands, Lower Saxon Hills
Geology
Age of rock Upper Jurassic
Type of rock Limestone (Thüster limestone), claystone, marl

The Thüster Berg is a ridge, up to 441 m above NN, [1] in the Lower Saxon Hills in central Germany. It is situated in the districts of Hameln-Pyrmont and Hildesheim in the federal state of Lower Saxony.

Lower Saxon Hills mountain range

The Lower Saxon Hills are one of the 73 natural regions in Germany defined by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). Geographically it covers roughly the same area as the Weser Uplands in its wider sense.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Lower Saxony State in Germany

Lower Saxony is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany. It is the second-largest state by land area, with 47,624 km2 (18,388 sq mi), and fourth-largest in population among the 16 Länder federated as the Federal Republic of Germany. In rural areas, Northern Low Saxon and Saterland Frisian are still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining.

Contents

Location

The Thüster Berg lies within a triangle formed by the villages of Eime, Duingen and Salzhemmendorf in the western half of the Leine Uplands, which itself is in the northern part of the Lower Saxon Hills. It is about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long and its highest peak is the Kanstein. It lies between Hemmendorf and Oldendorf in the north, Ahrenfeld, Deilmissen and Deinsen in the south, Marienhagen in the southeast, Weenzen and Thüste in the south, Levedagsen and the Domäne Eggersen in the west and the village of Salzhemmendorf to the northwest.

Eime Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Eime is a municipality in the district of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany.

Duingen Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Duingen is a village and a municipality in the district of Hildesheim, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated approximately 25 km southwest of Hildesheim, and 40 km south of Hanover. Since 1 November 2016, the former municipalities Coppengrave, Hoyershausen, Marienhagen and Weenzen are part of the municipality Duingen.

Salzhemmendorf Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Salzhemmendorf is a village and a municipality in the Hamelin-Pyrmont district, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated approximately 20 km east of Hamelin and 31 km west of Hildesheim and is located on the route 1. It is a nationally recognized health resort with a therapeutic brine thermal bath "Ith-Sole-Therme".

North of the Thüster Berg is the Osterwald, to the east the Külf, to the southeast the Duinger Berg and to the west the Ith. The River Saale, a southwestern tributary of the Leine flows to the west and north of the ridge. Its northwestern part belongs to the Weser Uplands Schaumburg-Hamelin Nature Park.

Külf mountains in Germany

The Külf is a ridge, up to 260 m above NN, in the Leine Uplands in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.

Duinger Berg mountain range

The Duinger Berg is a hill range, up to 331 m above NN, in the Lower Saxon Hills and the district of Landkreis in the German state of Lower Saxony.

Ith mountain range

The Ith is a ridge in Germany's Central Uplands which is up to 439 m high. It lies about 40 km southwest of Hanover and, at 22 kilometres, is the longest line of crags in North Germany.

The B 1 federal highway runs past the Thüster Berg to the north and the B 240 to the southeast.

Bundesstraße 1 federal highway in Germany

The Bundesstraße 1 is a German federal highway running in an east-west direction from the Dutch border near Aachen to the Polish border at Küstrin-Kietz on the Oder River.

Geology and landscape

Quarry on the Thuster Berg Thuster Berg Steinbruch.jpg
Quarry on the Thüster Berg

The Thüster Berg is an upfold of Thüster limestone. On its steeply sloping northern flanks there are several limestone crags, mostly hidden in forest, which have names such as Eckturm, Dreckturm, Falkenturm and Liebesnadel (literally: "Corner Tower", "Mud Tower", "Falcon Tower" and "Needle of Love"). The rock ledge of the Eckturm (380 m above NN) juts out of the forest towards the northwest below the summit of the Kanstein and forms a natural observation platform. There are disused limestone quarries on the southwestern side of the ridge.

Limestone Sedimentary rocks made of calcium carbonate

Limestone is a carbonate sedimentary rock that is often composed of the skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, foraminifera, and molluscs. Its major materials are the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). A closely related rock is dolostone, which contains a high percentage of the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2. In fact, in old USGS publications, dolostone was referred to as magnesian limestone, a term now reserved for magnesium-deficient dolostones or magnesium-rich limestones.

The Thüster Berg is densely wooded, especially with stands of deciduous trees. Amongst the species of tree that thrive here are birch and pine.

Birch genus of plants

A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Green List of Threatened Species. They are a typically rather short-lived pioneer species widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in northern areas of temperate climates and in boreal climates.

Pine genus of plants

A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus of the family Pinaceae. Pinus is the sole genus in the subfamily Pinoideae. The Plant List compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden accepts 126 species names of pines as current, together with 35 unresolved species and many more synonyms.

Towers

On the Kanstein, the main summit (441 m above NN) of the Thüster Berg, stands an observation tower, known as the Löns Tower (Lönsturm, 440 m above NN) and about 1 km further east-southeast is a telecommunication tower (433 m above NN).

Walking

Numerous forest tracks run over the Thüster Berg. One of them runs over the crest of the ridge from Salzhemmendorf to Marienhagen past the Eckturm, Löns Tower and telecommunication tower.

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References

  1. Landesvermessung und Geobasisinformation Niedersachsen