Thủ Thiêm New Urban Area (Khu đô thị mới Thủ Thiêm) is a 6.57 km2 (1,620-acre) urban redevelopment project in Thủ Đức City, Ho Chi Minh City. It is currently under construction.
Many local residents protest against relocations.
Thủ Thiêm is situated on a point bar of the Saigon River in the municipal division known as District 2. On the opposite bank of the river are District 1—Ho Chi Minh City's central business district—District 7, and the Bình Thạnh District. It also borders District 9 of the city.
Before its clearance for redevelopment, Thủ Thiêm was one of the most densely settled areas of Ho Chi Minh City and included a central market established in 1751.Beginning in 2002 and continuing for almost a decade, between 14-15,000 households were removed from the development site and resettled.
Master planning for the site began in 1998, anticipating the completion of several bridges and tunnels that would connect District 2 to Ho Chi Minh City's central business district across the river.In 2003, Sasaki Associates won an international design competition to plan the site.
The project is being carried out in stages, and is scheduled to be completed in 15 years, depending on the investment capital. Priority is given to the infrastructure investors with favorable assistance for the city government as well as preferential taxation.
The urban area covers an area of 7 square kilometres and consists of several sections: residences, pools, parks and office sections. Almost all buildings here are to be of 10 to 40-story. Once completed, this new urban area is intended to replace District 1 as the city's center. This new urban area is connected with the existing downtown with several bridges and a 6-lane tunnel.
Ho Chi Minh City commonly known by its previous name, Saigon, is the most populous and largest city of Vietnam. According to the 2019 census, Ho Chi Minh City has a population of over 8.9 million within city proper and over 21 million within the metropolitan area. Located in southeastern Vietnam, the city surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 2,061 square kilometres. Ho Chi Minh City is an economic and financial centre, and plays an important role in the country's cultural and scientific developments.
The Saigon River is a river located in southern Vietnam that rises near Phum Daung in southeastern Cambodia, flows south and south-southeast for about 225 kilometres (140 mi) and empties into the Soài Rạp, which in its turn empties into the East Sea some 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the Mekong Delta.
Thủ Dầu Một is the capital city of Bình Dương Province, Vietnam, located at around. The city has an area of 118.66 km², with a population of 417,000, and is located 20 km north of downtown Hồ Chí Minh City, on the left bank of the Saigon River, upstream from the city. Although this is an administratively separate city, it is considered as a satellite city of the Hồ Chí Minh City Metropolitan Area.
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Thủ Đức was an former urban district (quận) in the northeast of Hồ Chí Minh City, Vietnam. In 1997, the southern part of Thủ Đức was divided to become District 2 and District 9. In 2010, the district had a population of 455,899. It covers an area of 48 km².
The Saigon River Tunnel is an underwater tunnel that opened on November 20, 2011. It runs underneath the Saigon River in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city of Vietnam. The tunnel was built with capital from JICA's ODA, in conjunction with a consortium of Japanese contractors. The tunnel connects the existing urban center of Ho Chi Minh City with Thu Thiem New Urban Area in District 2. The Saigon River Tunnel is part of the East-West Highway, an important road project under construction to ease the congestion of transport in the inner city as well as transportation from downtown to the Mekong Delta region. The existing downtown was previously only linked with the Thu Thiem New Urban Area by many bridges, namely: Thủ Thiêm Bridge, Phú Mỹ Bridge and Ba Son Bridge.
Saigon Bridge, known as Newport Bridge before 1975, is a bridge crossing the Saigon River, connecting Bình Thạnh District and District 2, Ho Chi Minh City, on the Hanoi Highway. The bridge has four lanes for cars and two lanes for motorcycles and bicycles. It was the only bridge linking District 1 to the new Thu Thiem New Urban Area in District 2 until the Thủ Thiêm Bridge opened in 2008 and the Saigon River Tunnel opened in 2011. The bridge was one of the most vital gateways for vehicles traveling from northern and central Vietnam to the city, and therefore was a key point of contention during the Tet Offensive in 1968 and the Fall of Saigon in 1975. In 2013, a new parallel bridge, Saigon 2 Bridge, was opened to ease congestion on the bridge.
Thủ Thiêm Bridge is a 6-lane bridge in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city of Vietnam, opened in 2008. The bridge links District 2 with Bình Thạnh District, near downtown District 1. This bridge is an important link between existing downtown of Ho Chi Minh City with Thu Thiem New Urban Area. The cost estimate for construction of the bridge was US$60 million, implemented by a consortium of Vietnamese contractors. The progress was delayed due to delay in land compensation – a big problem in project management faced by many investors in Vietnam.
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