Thaddeus C. Sweet

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Thaddeus Campbell Sweet
SWEET, THADDEUS C., HONORABLE LCCN2016862054 (cropped).jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New York's 32nd district
In office
November 6, 1923 May 1, 1928
Preceded by Luther W. Mott
Succeeded by Francis D. Culkin
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the Oswego County district
In office
January 1, 1910 December 31, 1920
Preceded byFrank L. Smith
Succeeded byEzra Barnes
Personal details
Born(1872-11-16)November 16, 1872
Phoenix, New York
DiedMay 1, 1928(1928-05-01) (aged 55)
Whitney Point, New York
Political party Republican Party
ParentsAnthony Wayne Sweet and Sarah Elizabeth Campbell

Thaddeus Campbell Sweet (November 16, 1872 – May 1, 1928) was an American manufacturer and politician from New York. He represented New York's 32nd congressional district from 1923 to 1928.

Contents

Biography

He was born on November 16, 1872 in Phoenix, New York to Anthony Wayne Sweet and Sarah Elizabeth Campbell. He attended the public schools, and graduated from Phoenix Academy and High School. Then he entered business and for two years served as a traveling salesman. In 1895, he began the manufacture of paper and was President of the Sweet Paper Manufacturing Co. He also engaged in banking. He was town clerk of Phoenix from 1896 to 1899.

He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Oswego Co.) in 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919 and 1920; and was Speaker from 1914 to 1920. As Speaker, in 1919 Sweet opposed the protective labor legislation for women and children promoted by newly enfranchised New York women, refusing to allow it to get to the Assembly floor. That fall, suffragist Marion Dickerman fought a tough race to defeat his bid for reelection, and though she lost she cut substantially into his support and, for the first time in his political career, made him work hard to win. Suffragists believed Dickerman's race quashed his gubernatorial chances. In 1920 he proposed the infamous expulsion of socialists from the New York Assembly.

He was a delegate to the 1916 and 1924 Republican National Conventions.

He was elected to the 68th United States Congress in 1923 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Luther W. Mott and served from November 6, 1923 until his death in office, having been re-elected to the 69th and 70th United States Congresses.

Death

Thaddeus Sweet was the first sitting member of Congress to die in an airplane accident. Shortly after breakfast on May 1, 1928, he and the pilot Lt. Bushrod Hoppin, U.S. Army, took off in a new Army observation plane, Curtiss O-1B Falcon, serial number 27-279, assigned at Middletown Air Depot, Pennsylvania, [1] [2] from Bolling Field to fly to Oswego, New York, where he was to make a speech. Lt. Hoppin, known as a careful pilot, flew into a storm between Binghamton, New York and Cortland, New York. [3]

He thought it best to land and selected a field on a stock farm near Whitney Point, New York. The field was knobbly, and the airplane bounced and turned a somersault. Sweet, having unbuckled his safety belt, was pitched against the cockpit wall, and killed by a head injury. Lt. Hoppin, belted in his seat, was unbruised. [4] Sweet was buried at the Rural Cemetery at Phoenix, New York.

Legacy

The Sweet Memorial Building was dedicated to him in 1929. [5] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. [6]

See also

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References

  1. http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/1940sB4/1928.htm
  2. http://www.joebaugher.com/usaf_serials/1922.html
  3. "T. C. Sweet Killed In Airplane Crash. Congressman Meets Almost Instant Death in Landing Upset at Whitney Point, N.Y. On Hop From Washington. Army Pilot Is Slightly Hurt. National and State Leaders Honor House Member". New York Times . May 2, 1928. Retrieved 2011-05-21. Thaddeus C. Sweet of Phoenix, N.Y., Representative in Congress from the Thirty-second District, was killed ...
  4. "Death of Sweet". Time Magazine . 1928-05-14. Retrieved 2008-08-09. Representative Thaddeus Campbell Sweet of New York telephoned Bolling Field one afternoon last week and asked Lieutenant Bushrod Hoppin, U. S. A., to fly him to Oswego, N. Y., where he was to make a speech. Such calls from Congressmen are encouraged by the War and Navy Departments.
  5. Mark L. Peckham (February 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Sweet Memorial Building". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation . Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  6. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
New York Assembly
Preceded by
Frank L. Smith
New York State Assembly
Oswego County

1910–1920
Succeeded by
Ezra Barnes
Political offices
Preceded by
Al Smith
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1914–1920
Succeeded by
H. Edmund Machold
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Luther W. Mott
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 32nd congressional district

1923–1928
Succeeded by
Francis D. Culkin