Thaddeus C. Sweet

Last updated
Thaddeus Campbell Sweet
SWEET, THADDEUS C., HONORABLE LCCN2016862054 (cropped).jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New York's 32nd district
In office
November 6, 1923 May 1, 1928
Preceded by Luther W. Mott
Succeeded by Francis D. Culkin
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the Oswego County district
In office
January 1, 1910 December 31, 1920
Preceded byFrank L. Smith
Succeeded byEzra Barnes
Personal details
Born(1872-11-16)November 16, 1872
Phoenix, New York
DiedMay 1, 1928(1928-05-01) (aged 55)
Whitney Point, New York
Political party Republican Party
ParentsAnthony Wayne Sweet and Sarah Elizabeth Campbell

Thaddeus Campbell Sweet (November 16, 1872 – May 1, 1928) was an American manufacturer and politician from New York. He represented New York's 32nd congressional district from 1923 to 1928.



He was born on November 16, 1872 in Phoenix, New York to Anthony Wayne Sweet and Sarah Elizabeth Campbell. He attended the public schools, and graduated from Phoenix Academy and High School. Then he entered business and for two years served as a traveling salesman. In 1895, he began the manufacture of paper and was President of the Sweet Paper Manufacturing Co. He also engaged in banking. He was town clerk of Phoenix from 1896 to 1899.

He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Oswego Co.) in 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919 and 1920; and was Speaker from 1914 to 1920. As Speaker, in 1919 Sweet opposed the protective labor legislation for women and children promoted by newly enfranchised New York women, refusing to allow it to get to the Assembly floor. That fall, suffragist Marion Dickerman fought a tough race to defeat his bid for reelection, and though she lost she cut substantially into his support and, for the first time in his political career, made him work hard to win. Suffragists believed Dickerman's race quashed his gubernatorial chances. In 1920 he proposed the infamous expulsion of socialists from the New York Assembly.

He was a delegate to the 1916 and 1924 Republican National Conventions.

He was elected to the 68th United States Congress in 1923 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Luther W. Mott and served from November 6, 1923 until his death in office, having been re-elected to the 69th and 70th United States Congresses.


Thaddeus Sweet was the first sitting member of Congress to die in an airplane accident. Shortly after breakfast on May 1, 1928, he and the pilot Lt. Bushrod Hoppin, U.S. Army, took off in a new Army observation plane, Curtiss O-1B Falcon, serial number 27-279, assigned at Middletown Air Depot, Pennsylvania, [1] [2] from Bolling Field to fly to Oswego, New York, where he was to make a speech. Lt. Hoppin, known as a careful pilot, flew into a storm between Binghamton, New York and Cortland, New York. [3]

He thought it best to land and selected a field on a stock farm near Whitney Point, New York. The field was knobbly, and the airplane bounced and turned a somersault. Sweet, having unbuckled his safety belt, was pitched against the cockpit wall, and killed by a head injury. Lt. Hoppin, belted in his seat, was unbruised. [4] Sweet was buried at the Rural Cemetery at Phoenix, New York.


The Sweet Memorial Building was dedicated to him in 1929. [5] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

Phoenix, New York Village in New York, United States

Phoenix is a village in Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 2,382 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from Alexander Phoenix. The village of Phoenix lies in the Lake Ontario lake-effect snow belt, with seasonal snow totals regularly exceeding 200 in (510 cm). Phoenix lies in the southwest part of the town of Schroeppel.

Oswego, New York City in New York, United States

Oswego is a city in Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 18,142 at the 2010 census. Oswego is located on Lake Ontario in north-central New York and promotes itself as "The Port City of Central New York." It is the county seat of Oswego County.

Woodbridge Nathan Ferris American politician

Woodbridge Nathan Ferris was an American educator from New York, Illinois and Michigan, as well as Democratic statesman and the 28th Governor of Michigan (1913–1917).

Floyd Bennett United States Navy Medal of Honor recipient

Floyd Bennett was a United States Naval Aviator, along with then USN Commander Richard E. Byrd, to have made the first flight to the North Pole in May 1926. However, their claim to have reached the pole is disputed.

American Temperance University United States historic place

American Temperance University opened in 1893 in the planned town of Harriman, Tennessee, which was developed as a community with no alcoholic beverages permitted. In its second year of operation the institution enrolled 345 students from 20 states. However, it closed in 1908. Those who attended included two students who later became members of the U.S. House of Representatives, John Jennings, Jr. and James Willis Taylor.

Will Kirk Kaynor American politician

William Kirk Kaynor was a United States Representative from Massachusetts.

Rockwell Field United States historic place

Rockwell Field is a former United States Army Air Corps military airfield, located 1.1 miles (1.8 km) northwest of the city of Coronado, California on the northern part of the Coronado Peninsula across the bay from San Diego, California.

College Park Airport airport in College Park, Maryland, United States

College Park Airport is a public airport located in the City of College Park, in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. It is the world's oldest continuously operated airport. The airport is located south of Paint Branch and Lake Artemesia, east of U.S. Route 1 and the College Park Metro/MARC station and west of Kenilworth Avenue.

Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps

The Aeronautical Division, Signal Corps (1907–1914) was the first heavier-than-air military aviation organization in history and the progenitor of the United States Air Force. A component of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, the Aeronautical Division procured the first powered military aircraft in 1909, created schools to train its aviators, and initiated a rating system for pilot qualifications. It organized and deployed the first permanent American aviation unit, the 1st Aero Squadron, in 1913. The Aeronautical Division trained 51 officers and 2 enlisted men as pilots, and incurred 13 fatalities in air crashes. During this period, the Aeronautical Division had 29 factory-built aircraft in its inventory, built a 30th from spare parts, and leased a civilian airplane for a short period in 1911.

Vamar Shipwreck Site United States historic place

The Vamar is a shipwreck near Mexico Beach, Florida, United States. It is located 3.7 miles offshore from Mexico Beach. It became the ninth Florida Underwater Archaeological Preserve when it was dedicated in 2004. On April 10, 2006, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Lowell Smith American pilot

Lowell Herbert Smith was a pioneer American airman who piloted the first airplane to receive a complete mid-air refueling on June 27, 1923, and later set an endurance record of 37 hours on August 28, both in a De Havilland DH-4B. Smith also piloted the Douglas World Cruiser Chicago, which along with one other made the first aerial circumnavigation in 1924. Smith held 16 records for military aircraft in speed, endurance and distance. He was awarded the best achievement in flight Mackay Trophy twice.

Luther W. Mott American politician

Luther Wright Mott was a United States Representative from New York.

Francis D. Culkin American politician

Francis Dugan Culkin was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.

John Eberson American architect

John Adolph Emil Eberson was a European born American architect best known for the development and promotion of movie palace designs in the atmospheric theatre style.

Sweet Memorial Building United States historic place

Sweet Memorial Building is a historic village hall and auditorium located at Phoenix in Oswego County, New York. It is "T" shaped structure built in 1929 in the Neoclassical style. It features a two-story cast stone portico surmounted by a cast stone pediment. It stands as a memorial to Congressman Thaddeus Campbell Sweet (1872–1928), who helped to rebuild the village after a fire in 1916.

Townsend F. Dodd First US Pilot of World War I to receive the DSM

Townsend Foster Dodd was the first commissioned US Army aviator. As a University of Illinois graduate with a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering, he joined the Coast Artillery Corps and shortly thereafter became an aviator in the US Army Air Service. Dodd sat on many boards of review during the service's infancy and was one of the members who condemned pusher planes in favor of tractors. He served with General John Pershing on the Mexican Border where he set records for endurance flying. During World War I he was first assigned as the aviation officer of the American Expeditionary Force in 1917. He was later replaced by Colonel Billy Mitchell and was reassigned to the Bolling Mission.

Bob Huntington American tennis player

Robert Palmer Huntington Jr. was an American tennis player. He was the grandson of New York born Indiana pioneer Judge Elisha Mills Huntington.

Womans National Democratic Club

The Woman's National Democratic Club is an organization that was founded in 1922 to promote the Democratic Party of the United States. Florence Jaffray Harriman was its first president and one of its founders. Emily Newell Blair was its principal founder, and also served it as secretary (1922–1926) and then later as president (1928–1929). Another of its founders was Minnie Fisher Cunningham. Edith Bolling Galt Wilson headed the club's board of governors when it opened formally in 1924.

Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery

Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery is the official name given to a cemetery located at 2300 West Van Buren Street in Phoenix, Arizona owned by Dignity Memorial. The cemetery, which resulted as a merger of two historical cemeteries, Greenwood Memorial Park and Memory Lawn Memorial Park, is the final resting place of various notable citizens of Arizona. Pioneers, governors, congressman, government officials, journalists, race car drivers, soldiers, actors and actresses are among the many notable citizens who are interred in the cemetery.


  3. "T. C. Sweet Killed In Airplane Crash. Congressman Meets Almost Instant Death in Landing Upset at Whitney Point, N.Y. On Hop From Washington. Army Pilot Is Slightly Hurt. National and State Leaders Honor House Member". New York Times . May 2, 1928. Retrieved 2011-05-21. Thaddeus C. Sweet of Phoenix, N.Y., Representative in Congress from the Thirty-second District, was killed ...
  4. "Death of Sweet". Time Magazine . 1928-05-14. Retrieved 2008-08-09. Representative Thaddeus Campbell Sweet of New York telephoned Bolling Field one afternoon last week and asked Lieutenant Bushrod Hoppin, U. S. A., to fly him to Oswego, N. Y., where he was to make a speech. Such calls from Congressmen are encouraged by the War and Navy Departments.
  5. Mark L. Peckham (February 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Sweet Memorial Building". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation . Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  6. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
New York Assembly
Preceded by
Frank L. Smith
New York State Assembly
Oswego County

Succeeded by
Ezra Barnes
Political offices
Preceded by
Al Smith
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
H. Edmund Machold
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Luther W. Mott
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 32nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Francis D. Culkin