Swedish first edition 1914
|Original title||Kejsarn av Portugallien|
|Translator||Velma Swanston Howard|
Published in English
The Emperor of Portugallia (Swedish: Kejsarn av Portugallien) is a novel by Nobel-laureate Selma Lagerlöf, published in 1914 with drawings by Albert Engström. Lagerlöf called it a "Swedish King Lear".The novel was a success with critics and readers, newspaper reviewers said the novel was at the same level as Lagerlöf's earlier novels Gösta Berling's Saga and the first part of Jerusalem . It has been filmed three times: 1925, 1944 and 1992. An English translation by Velma Swanston Howard was published in 1916.
The novel takes place in 1860 or 1870 in Lagerlöf's native Värmland and is about the tenant farmer Jan in Skrolycka and his daughter Glory Goldie Sunnycastle. He loves his daughter more than anything else, but after she moves to Stockholm at age 18, she stops sending letters home. The father sinks into a dream world where he imagines she has become a noble empress of "Portugallia", and he thus also a great Emperor himself. His whole life is dominated by thoughts of her return, and what then will happen. In his role as Emperor residing in the poor countryside, he can challenge the area's social hierarchies: wearing his imperial regalia, he sits at the front of the church, takes place at the head table at parties and tries to socialize with local landlords.
The novel was adapted to silent film by MGM in 1925 as The Tower of Lies , directed by Victor Sjöström and starring Norma Shearer and Lon Chaney.The film is believed to be lost, but still-shots survive. It was filmed again in 1944, directed by Gustaf Molander and starring Victor Sjöström. In 1992, a television version was made which was written and directed by Lars Molin.
Victor David Sjöström, sometimes known in the United States as Victor Seastrom, was a pioneering Swedish film director, screenwriter, and actor. He began his career in Sweden, before moving to Hollywood in 1924. Sjöström worked primarily in the silent era; his best known films include The Phantom Carriage (1921), He Who Gets Slapped (1924), and The Wind (1928). Sjöström was Sweden's most prominent director in the "Golden Age of Silent Film" in Europe. Later in life, he played the leading role in Ingmar Bergman's Wild Strawberries (1957).
Gustaf Harald August Molander was a Swedish actor and film director. His parents were director Harald Molander, Sr. (1858–1900) and singer and actress Lydia Molander, née Wessler, and his brother was director Olof Molander (1892–1966). He was the father of director and producer Harald Molander from his first marriage to actress Karin Molander and father to actor Jan Molander from his second marriage to Elsa Fahlberg (1892-1977).
Marianne Löfgren was a Swedish actress. She played in Åke Ohberg's Elvira Madigan (1943), director Ingmar Bergman's debut Crisis in 1946, Hasse Ekman's Girl with Hyacinths (1950) and in over a hundred other films in her native Sweden.
Gunn Wållgren was a Swedish actress.
The Phantom Carriage is a 1921 Swedish fantasy film generally considered to be one of the central works in the history of Swedish cinema. Released on New Year's Day 1921, it was directed by and starred Victor Sjöström, alongside Hilda Borgström, Tore Svennberg and Astrid Holm. It is based on the novel Thy Soul Shall Bear Witness!, by Nobel prize-winning Swedish author Selma Lagerlöf.
Hilda Teresia Borgström was a Swedish stage and film actress.
The Image Makers is a 2000 Swedish television play directed by Ingmar Bergman and written by Per Olov Enquist. The drama is set in the year 1920 at Filmstaden where the film director Victor Sjöström is shooting the film The Phantom Carriage, an adaptation of Selma Lagerlöf's novel Thy Soul Shall Bear Witness! Accompanied by actress Tora Teje and film photographer Julius Jaenzon, he has now invited the book's author to take a first look at some early scenes.
Karolina Alfrida ("Frida") Winnerstrand, née Kumlin was a Swedish actress.
Monica Ingeborg Elisabeth "Mona" Mårtenson was a Swedish film actress. She appeared in 28 films between 1923 and 1949. She was born and died in Stockholm, Sweden.
Julius Jaenzon was a Swedish cinematographer, essential in the early Swedish silent cinema. He is most known for his collaborations with directors Victor Sjöström and Mauritz Stiller, particularly in adaptions of novels by Selma Lagerlöf. Especially the accuracy with which he mastered the double exposure, for example in The Phantom Carriage, was much admired at the time.
The Lass from the Stormy Croft is a 1917 Swedish drama film directed by Victor Sjöström, based on the 1908 novella with the same title by Selma Lagerlöf. It was the first in a series of successful Lagerlöf adaptions by Sjöström, made possible by a deal between Lagerlöf and A-B Svenska Biografteatern to adapt at least one Lagerlöf novel each year. Lagerlöf had for many years denied any proposal to let her novels be adapted for film, but after seeing Sjöström's Terje Vigen she finally decided to give her consent.
Sons of Ingmar, also released in the United Kingdom under the title Dawn of Love, is a 1919 Swedish drama film directed by Victor Sjöström. It is the first part of his adaptation of Selma Lagerlöf's novel Jerusalem, originally published in 1901 and 1902. It was followed by a second part, Karin, Daughter of Ingmar, the following year.
Karin Daughter of Ingmar is a 1920 Swedish silent drama film directed by Victor Sjöström. It is the second part in Sjöström's large-scale adaption of Selma Lagerlöf's novel Jerusalem, following Sons of Ingmar from the year before, and depicting chapter three and four from the novel. The critical reception was, however, unenthusiastic, and Sjöström decided to not direct any more parts. Eventually the suite was finished by Gustaf Molander in 1926.
Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf was a Swedish author and teacher. She published her first novel, Gösta Berling's Saga, at the age of 33. She was the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, which she was awarded in 1909. Additionally, she was the first female to be granted a membership in The Swedish Academy in 1914.
The Tower of Lies is a 1925 American silent drama film directed by Victor Sjöström based upon Selma Lagerlöf's novel The Emperor of Portugallia (1914). Released one year after He Who Gets Slapped, the film marks the second collaboration between Sjöström, Lon Chaney and Norma Shearer. Also starring are William Haines, Ian Keith and Lew Cody.
Jonas Emanuel Falk was a Swedish actor and brother of actor Niklas Falk. He was born in Örgryte, Gothenburg.
Anders Nyström is a Swedish actor.
Gunilla Birgitta Nyroos is a Swedish actress.
Jerusalem is a novel by the Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf, published in two parts in 1901 and 1902. The narrative spans several generations in the 19th century, and focuses on several families in Dalarna, Sweden, and a community of Swedish emigrants in Jerusalem. It is loosely based on a real emigration that took place from the parish of Nås in 1896.
Olof Teodor "Tore" Svennberg was a Swedish actor and theatre director whose career spanned more than five decades.