The Ghost of Vermeer of Delft Which Can Be Used As a Table

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The Ghost of Vermeer of Delft Which Can Be Used As a Table
The Ghost of Vermeer.jpg
Artist Salvador Dalí
Year1934
Medium Oil on panel
Dimensions18.1 cm× 13.97 cm(7.13 in× 5.5 in)
Location Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida

The Ghost of Vermeer of Delft Which Can Be Used As a Table is a small Surrealist oil painting by Salvador Dalí. Its full title is The Ghost of Vermeer of Delft Which Can Be Used as a Table (Phenomenologic Theory of Furniture-Nutrition). [1] It makes reference to The Art of Painting by Johannes Vermeer, a famous seventeenth-century work in which a painter, thought to be a self-portrait of Vermeer, is depicted with his back to us, in distinctive costume. [2] It is one of a number of paintings expressive of Dalí's enormous admiration for Vermeer.

Surrealism International cultural movement started in 1917

Surrealism is a cultural movement that started in 1917, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects, and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself. Its aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality into an absolute reality, a super-reality".

Salvador Dalí Spanish artist

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquis of Dalí de Púbol was a Spanish Surrealist painter born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.

<i>The Art of Painting</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

The Art of Painting, also known as The Allegory of Painting, or Painter in his Studio, is a 17th-century oil on canvas painting by Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. It is owned by the Austrian Republic and is on display in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna.

Vermeer is represented as a dark spindly figure in a kneeling position. The figure’s outstretched leg serves as a table top surface, on which sits a bottle and a small glass. This leg tapers to a baluster-like stub; there is a shoe nearby. The walls and the distant views of the mountains are based on real views near Dalí's home in Port Lligat. [3] In Vermeer's painting the artist leans on a maulstick, and his hand is painted with an unusual blurriness, perhaps to indicate movement. In Dalí's painting Vermeer rests the same arm on a crutch.

Maulstick long stick with balled end, used with easel for painting

A mahlstick, or maulstick, is a stick with a soft leather or padded head used by painters to support the hand holding the paintbrush. The word derives from the German and Dutch Malstock or maalstok 'painter's stick', from malen 'to paint'.

It is unsigned and undated but known to have been completed c.1934. [4] It is currently on display at the Salvador Dalí Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida, on loan from the E. and A. Reynolds Morse collection.

Salvador Dalí Museum Art museum in Florida, U.S.

The Salvador Dalí Museum is an art museum in St. Petersburg, Florida, United States, dedicated to the works of Salvador Dalí. It houses the largest collection of Dalí's works outside Europe. It is located on the downtown St. Petersburg waterfront by 5th Avenue Southeast, Bay Shore Drive, and Dan Wheldon Way. On April 18, 2012, the AIA's Florida Chapter placed the building on its list of Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places.

St. Petersburg, Florida City in Florida, United States

St. Petersburg is a city in Pinellas County, Florida, United States. As of the 2015 census estimate, the population was 257,083, making it the fifth-most populous city in Florida and the largest in the state that is not a county seat.

Detail of Vermeer's The Art of Painting showing the painter at his easel using a maulstick. Johannes Vermeer - The Art of Painting (detail) - WGA24677.jpg
Detail of Vermeer's The Art of Painting showing the painter at his easel using a maulstick.

Around 1934, Dalí produced several other works inspired by The Art of Painting:

Private collection privately owned collection of works, usually a collection of art

A private collection is a privately owned collection of works. In a museum or art-gallery context, the term signifies that a certain work is not owned by that institution, but is on loan from an individual or organization, either for temporary exhibition or for the long term. This source is usually an art collector, although it could also be a school, church, bank, or some other company or organization. By contrast, collectors of books, even if they collect for aesthetic reasons, are called bibliophiles, and their collections are typically referred to as libraries.

Dalí Theatre and Museum Art museum

The Dalí Theatre and Museum, is a museum dedicated to the artist Salvador Dalí in his home town of Figueres, in Catalonia, Spain. Dalí is buried there in a crypt below the stage. The museum received 1,368,755 visitors in 2016.

Dalí revered Vermeer, and also drew several times on his The Lacemaker, for instance in Paranoiac-Critical Study of Vermeer's Lacemaker. [6] Dali also painted a copy of The Lacemaker on commission from collector Robert Lehman. The Ghost of Vermeer should also be seen in the context of his other reworkings of historic paintings, such as several works inspired by Millet's Angelus. Images of anthropomorphic furniture as well as crutch-like objects are common in this period of his career.

<i>The Lacemaker</i> (Vermeer) painting by Johannes Vermeer

The Lacemaker is a painting by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675), completed around 1669–1670 and held in the Louvre, Paris. The work shows a young woman dressed in a yellow shawl, holding up a pair of bobbins in her left hand as she carefully places a pin in the pillow on which she is making her bobbin lace. At 24.5 cm x 21 cm, the work is the smallest of Vermeer's paintings, but in many ways one of his most abstract and unusual. The canvas used was cut from the same bolt as that used for A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals, and both paintings seem to have had identical dimensions originally.

Robert Owen Lehman, Sr. was an American banker, head of Lehman Brothers for decades, and a notable race-horse owner, art collector, and philanthropist.

<i>The Angelus</i> (painting) Painting by Jean Francois Millet in the Musée DOrsay

The Angelus (L'Angélus) is an oil painting by French painter Jean-François Millet, completed between 1857 and 1859.

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References

  1. Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation, Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, 1910-1951 accessed 13 May 2013
  2. The Essential Vermeer, The Art of Painting accessed 13 May 2013
  3. The Salvador Dalí Society, Dalí’s ‘Ghost of Vermeer’ a Miniature ‘Huge’ in Importance Archived 2013-03-22 at the Wayback Machine accessed 13 May2013
  4. Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation, Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, 1910-1951 accessed 13 May 2013
  5. Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation, Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, 1910-1951] accessed 13 May 2013
  6. Pops, Martin (1979). "Preface: Vermeer 1632-1675". Salmagundi (44–45): 3–6.