The Judy Garland Show

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The Judy Garland Show
Jgstitle.jpg
Title card from the debut episode
Written by
Directed by Norman Jewison
Starring
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons1
No. of episodes26 (list of episodes)
Production
Production locations CBS Television City, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California
Running time60 mins
Production companiesKingsrow Enterprises, Inc.
Release
Original network CBS
Picture format Black-and-white
Audio format Monaural
Original releaseSeptember 29, 1963 (1963-09-29) 
March 29, 1964 (1964-03-29)
Dean Martin, Judy Garland and Frank Sinatra on a well received CBS special in Feb. 1962, before the weekly series began. Its success encouraged CBS to sign Garland for a weekly series. Dean Martin, Judy Garland and Frank Sinatra in 1962.jpg
Dean Martin, Judy Garland and Frank Sinatra on a well received CBS special in Feb. 1962, before the weekly series began. Its success encouraged CBS to sign Garland for a weekly series.

The Judy Garland Show is an American musical variety television series that aired on CBS on Sunday nights during the 1963–1964 television season. Despite a sometimes stormy relationship with Judy Garland, CBS had found success with several television specials featuring the star. Garland, who for years had been reluctant to commit to a weekly series, saw the show as her best chance to pull herself out of severe financial difficulties. Despite it being cancelled relatively early on, it is now revered and considered an important piece of television history.

Contents

Production difficulties beset the series almost from the beginning. The series had three different producers in the course of its 26 episodes and went through a number of other key personnel changes. With the change in producers also came changes to the show's format, which started as comedy and variety but switched to an almost purely concert format.

While Garland herself was popular with critics, the initial variety format and her co-star, Jerry Van Dyke, were not. The show competed with NBC's Bonanza , then the second most popular program on television, [1] and consistently performed poorly in the ratings. Although fans rallied in an attempt to save the show, CBS cancelled it after a single season.

TV Guide included the series in their 2013 list of 60 shows that were "Cancelled Too Soon". [2]

Garland and CBS

Garland's history with CBS prior to the series was a checkered one. She had previously headlined several specials for the network. The first was the inaugural episode of the Ford Star Jubilee which aired in 1955. [3] The special, the first full-scale color telecast on CBS, [4] was a ratings triumph, garnering a 34.8 Nielsen rating. [5] This success led to Garland's signing a three-year, $300,000 contract with the network. Only a single special aired, a live General Electric Theater episode in 1956, before the pact was terminated. [6] The relationship between CBS and Garland and her then-husband and manager, Sid Luft, dissolved in acrimony in 1957, after they and agent Freddie Fields were unable to come to terms with the network over the format of her next special. [7] Garland filed a US$1.4 million lawsuit against CBS for libel and breach of contract. (CBS filed a counterclaim) that was not settled until 1961, when Garland and CBS each agreed to drop their claims and negotiations began for a new round of Garland specials for the network. [8]

The first of two specials under this new relationship aired on February 25, 1962 [9] and was entitled The Judy Garland Show. This special, guest starring Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin, was nominated for four Emmys. [10] [lower-alpha 1] Its success led to CBS signing Garland in December 1962 for her weekly series, premiering in fall 1963. [12] Garland's second special was the awkwardly-titled Judy Garland and Her Guests Phil Silvers and Robert Goulet , presented in March 1963. [13] Alternately promoted as a preview and a pilot for Garland's upcoming regular series, [12] this special was also nominated for an Emmy. [13] [14]

Production

Judy Garland's four-year contract for the series called for 26 weekly shows, for which Garland's corporation, Kingsrow Enterprises, would be paid $140,000 per episode. Of that Garland was guaranteed between $25,000 and $30,000 per show. [15] Kingsrow Enterprises would also retain ownership of the tapes, allowing Garland to sell the series into syndication. [16] Although Garland had said as early as 1955 that she would never do a weekly television series, [3] in the early 1960s she was in a financially precarious situation. Garland was several hundred thousand dollars in debt to the IRS, having failed to pay taxes in 1951 and 1952. [17] The commercial disappointment of the film A Star is Born meant that her share of any profits from that film would be eaten up immediately. [18] A successful run on television would secure Garland's financial future.

The George Schlatter episodes (episodes 1–5)

The Judy Garland Show was initially slated to be taped in New York City. The network initially offered the producer's job to Bob Banner, who was at the time producing a series for Garry Moore. Although he was interested, he declined to relocate from the West Coast. Bob Finkel, whose credits included shows for Dinah Shore and Andy Williams, was next approached but similarly refused to relocate. Veteran producer and director Bill Hobin, then heading up Sing Along with Mitch , was approached to produce and direct the program. Already based in the East, Hobin eagerly accepted. Unbeknownst to Hobin, George Schlatter had been lobbying on the West Coast for the producer job and was signed to produce. Ultimately Hobin bowed out of the producer slot. Schlatter became the producer, while Hobin was retained to direct. [19]

With the producer question settled, Schlatter set about assembling the crew for the series. Mort Lindsey was hired to conduct the show's orchestra. Gary Smith, who had designed the earlier Garland/Sinatra/Martin special, was signed as art director. Multiple Academy Award-winner Edith Head was engaged to design Garland's costumes, while Ray Aghayan, who Schlatter knew from their work together with Dinah Shore, was hired to costume Garland's guests. Mel Tormé was brought on as musical arranger and to write special musical material, and would also appear as a guest on the program. [20] Choreography duties were taken by Danny Daniels. [21] Comedian Jerry Van Dyke was engaged as a series regular. [22]

In addition to musical performances from Garland and the week's guest stars, the series' initial format included the recurring segments "Born in a Trunk" (the name taken from a number in A Star is Born), in which Garland would tell stories of her show business career and sing a related song, and "Tea for Two", which would feature her chatting with a surprise guest. [23] Van Dyke would perform comedy sketches, sometimes with Garland or the guests. Garland would close each episode by singing the song "Maybe I'll Come Back." The obscure novelty song, selected by Garland and Schlatter over CBS's objections (the network wanted her signature song "Over the Rainbow"), included the line "And President Coolidge is a cousin of mine." Garland as a running gag would substitute a different name for Coolidge's each week.

Although initially planned for an East Coast shoot, The Judy Garland Show was taped in Studio 43 at CBS Television City in Los Angeles. [24] The network had gone to great expense to prepare the studio, including an estimated $100,000 to raise the stage and install a separate revolving stage. Garland's dressing room was a 110 ft × 40 ft trailer which had been decorated as a replica of her newly purchased Brentwood home. The corridor that led from her dressing room to the stage was painted to resemble the Yellow Brick Road from The Wizard of Oz . [25]

The first taping commenced on June 24, 1963. Garland's old friend and frequent MGM co-star Mickey Rooney was, at Garland's insistence, her first guest [26] —although, because the network elected to air the series out of production order, this was actually the tenth episode to be broadcast.

The Norman Jewison episodes (episodes 6–13)

On August 2, after six weeks of taping and five completed shows, Schlatter was fired as producer. Varying reports have Schlatter being fired by James Aubrey, Jr. (president of CBS) or by Garland herself, but in either case, production was suspended for five weeks. [26] Also fired were several of the writing staff and choreographer Danny Daniels. [27] Replacing Schlatter as executive producer was Norman Jewison, who shared a vision for the series that was closer to that of Aubrey's. That vision was that Garland was too glamorous for television and that she needed her series to present her in a more conventional light. Veteran musical variety show writers John Aylesworth and Frank Peppiatt were brought in as well. Jewison, who had agreed to serve as producer through the thirteenth episode, implemented changes designed to "make the sacred cow less sacred," including Garland's subjection to Van Dyke's jokes that denigrated her issues with her weight, her reputation for unreliability and her career highs and lows. Jewison also introduced a new recurring feature, "Be My Guest," with Tormé's writing tailored material for the week's guest to perform with Garland near the top of each show. [28]

The Judy Garland Show premiered on September 29, during Jewison's run as producer. The episode chosen to be the premiere was Jewison's second completed episode, the seventh produced episode overall. Reviews were generally favorable (see below), though Jerry Van Dyke's supporting role was heavily criticized; Van Dyke was let go from the cast after the tenth produced episode. Jewison himself left after episode thirteen, as he had intended.

The Bill Colleran episodes (episodes 14–26)

After Jewison, Bill Colleran joined the show as Garland's selection for its third executive producer. [29] Colleran revamped the format yet again, doing away with the insulting humor and focusing the show more on Garland and her singing, although there were still comedy elements in Colleran's initial episodes, with guests such as Bob Newhart and Shelley Berman. As well, Ken Murray was briefly featured as a regular, showing his home movies of Hollywood stars, but was dropped after four episodes.

Ratings continued to be poor, and CBS announced the cancellation of The Judy Garland Show on January 22, 1964. Officially, it was reported that it was Garland who exited the series, as explained in a letter released by CBS, supposedly from Garland to Aubrey, advising him that she wanted to spend more time caring for her children. [30]

Despite The Judy Garland Show's announced cancellation, it was allowed to finish out the 1963/64 season, and continued to tape episodes for broadcast. The final seven episodes taped after the cancellation notice jettisoned any pretense of sustaining a comedy and variety element, and simply presented Judy Garland "In Concert"—sometimes solo for the entire episode, sometimes with musical guests such as Lena Horne, Diahann Carroll or Mel Tormé.

During these final episodes, following Show 22 specifically, Tormé was fired and was replaced by Bobby Cole, a musician Garland had met recently in New York. [31] Tormé would later file suit for breach of contract [32] and write a tell-all book about the series, The Other Side of the Rainbow: With Judy Garland on the Dawn Patrol.

On the air

The first episode of The Judy Garland Show aired on September 29, 1963. The show, featuring guest star Donald O'Connor, was the seventh one taped. Episodes would continue to be shown out of sequence throughout the series' run. The show scored an 18.7 rating [32] and reviews were largely positive. Variety wrote "If Judy Garland ... is of a mind to work every week with the same dedication and zeal that characterized her premiere this week, Bill Paley and his associates should be in clover. ... Miss Garland was in fine fettle." The San Francisco Chronicle characterized the show as "tasteful, elegant and exciting." Not every review was as glowing, with the New York Herald Tribune noting "Miss Garland is fine, just fine. The rest of the show, however, needs help." Other negative reviews were in a similar vein, focusing on Van Dyke in particular and the show's format and writing in general. [33]

Garland with Tony Bennett in episode 5. Garland would shortly be instructed to stop touching her guests. Jgtb.jpg
Garland with Tony Bennett in episode 5. Garland would shortly be instructed to stop touching her guests.

CBS publicly responded to the critiques by issuing a statement through talent chief Michael Dann. "We have decided that [Judy] should never appear in sketches and never play any character but herself. And she'll be singing more songs, more medleys, more standards. Songs are her babies. We told her what we think and she's listening. She's far too insecure about television to exercise her own judgment. She knows what's good for her." [34]

Behind the scenes, however, the network continued to tinker with the show. In addition to the replacement of key production staff and constantly revising the format, Garland was also summoned to New York to receive such bits of information as she was touching her guests too much and was instructed to stop. [35] As well, Van Dyke was let go almost immediately after the reviews came out, taping his last show on October 11.

Nevertheless, numerous episodes featuring Van Dyke had already completed taping and would continue to air, meaning that the changes in the show's format would not be apparent to viewers for several weeks. Accordingly, reviews about the show's format (as opposed to Garland's singing) continued to be negative, as the Garland-deprecating humor continued to attract criticism rather than viewers. Saturday Evening Post reviewer Richard Warren Lewis wrote, "The absurd notion of debasing Judy's reputation as a legendary figure and molding her show into an imitation of other prosaic variety shows has been a disaster where it hurts most, in the audience-rating polls." [36] Indeed, Garland's show was averaging an 18 rating, about half of the audience represented by Bonanza and its 35 rating. [35]

After the departure of Jewison as producer and of Jerry Van Dyke (whose exit from the show was lauded by one contemporary reviewer as "a marvelous idea but it came too late") [37] the focus of the show changed yet again to emphasize Garland's performances, singly and with guests. This format, including several "Judy Garland in Concert" solo episodes, would remain more or less intact for the remainder of the series. Despite continuing positive critical comment about Garland's performances, the ratings remained flat. Fans of the show formed a "Save The Judy Garland Show committee" and organized an early letter-writing campaign on behalf of the series [38] but their efforts were not enough to spare the show from cancellation. The final Judy Garland Show, another concert episode, was broadcast on March 29, 1964.

Episodes

NumberTaping date [39] U.S. air dateGuestsNotes
1June 24, 1963December 8, 1963 Mickey Rooney, Jerry Van Dyke
2July 7, 1963November 10, 1963 Count Basie, Mel Tormé, Judy Henske, Jerry Van Dyke
3July 16, 1963November 17, 1963 Liza Minnelli, Soupy Sales, The Brothers Castro, Jerry Van Dyke
4July 23, 1963October 13, 1963 Lena Horne, Terry-Thomas, Jerry Van Dyke
5July 30, 1963December 15, 1963 Tony Bennett, Dick Shawn, Jerry Van Dyke George Schlatter's final episode as producer.
5AAugust 2, 1963 (scheduled)N/A Nat "King" Cole, Jack Carter, Jerry Van Dyke This episode was scripted but never taped.
6September 13, 1963October 27, 1963 Steve Lawrence, June Allyson, Jerry Van Dyke
7September 20, 1963September 29, 1963 Donald O'Connor, Jerry Van Dyke
8September 27, 1963October 20, 1963 George Maharis, Jack Carter, The Dillards, Leo Durocher, Jerry Van Dyke
9October 4, 1963October 6, 1963 Barbra Streisand, Ethel Merman, Smothers Brothers, Jerry Van Dyke Streisand was nominated for an Emmy award for her guest appearance. [40]
10October 11, 1963March 1, 1964 Ray Bolger, Jane Powell, Jerry Van Dyke Jerry Van Dyke's final episode.
11October 18, 1963January 5, 1964 Steve Allen, Mel Tormé, Jayne Meadows
12November 1, 1963November 3, 1963 Vic Damone, Zina Bethune, George Jessel
13November 8, 1963December 1, 1963 Peggy Lee, Jack Carter, Carl Reiner Norman Jewison's final episode as producer.
14November 30, 1963December 29, 1963 Bobby Darin, Bob Newhart
15December 6, 1963December 22, 1963 Jack Jones, Liza Minnelli, Lorna Luft, Joey Luft, Mel Tormé, Tracy EverittThe Christmas Special episode.
16December 13, 1963January 12, 1964Ethel Merman, Shelley Berman, Peter Gennaro
17December 20, 1963January 19, 1964 Vic Damone, Chita Rivera, Louis Nye, Ken Murray
18January 14, 1964January 26, 1964 Martha Raye, Peter Lawford, Rich Little, Ken Murray
19January 17, 1964February 2, 1964 Louis Jourdan, Kirby Stone Four, Ken Murray
20January 24, 1964February 9, 1964 Lorna Luft, Joey Luft"Judy Garland in Concert" America the Beautiful Concert
21January 31, 1964February 16, 1964 Diahann Carroll, Mel Tormé"Judy Garland in Concert"
22February 14, 1964February 23, 1964 Jack Jones, Ken Murray"Judy Garland in Concert"
23February 21, 1964March 8, 1964N/A"Judy Garland in Concert: Music From the Movies"
24February 28, 1964March 15, 1964Vic Damone"Judy Garland in Concert"
25March 6, 1964March 22, 1964 Bobby Cole "Judy Garland in Concert"
26March 13, 1964March 29, 1964N/A"Judy Garland in Concert"

DVD releases

Between 1999 and 2006 Pioneer Entertainment released all 26 episodes on DVD, as well as three compilation DVDs. These releases are listed in the table below.

TitleEpisodesRelease dateDiscs
Volume 1 [41] Show 1, Show 3June 15, 19991
Volume 2 [42] Show 2, Show 4September 7, 19991
Volume 3: The Christmas Show [43] Show 15November 23, 19991
Volume 4 [44] Show 8, Show 19, Show 24, Show 25December 5, 20001
Volume 5 [45] Show 7, Show 9May 15, 20011
Just Judy [46] CompilationOctober 16, 20011
Songs for America [47] CompilationOctober 30, 20011
Legends [48] CompilationJune 11, 20021
Volume 7 [49] Show 14, Show 23March 25, 20031
Volume 8: Final Chapter [50] Show 11, Show 20, Show 26April 15, 20032
Featuring Tony Bennett & Steve Lawrence [51] Show 5, Show 6January 10, 20061
Featuring Peggy Lee & Ethel Merman [52] Show 13, Show 16January 10, 20061
Featuring Ray Bolger & Vic Damone [53] Show 10, Show 12March 14, 20061
Featuring Mel Tormé & Jack Jones [54] Show 21, Show 22March 14, 20061
Featuring Martha Raye, Peter Lawford, Vic Damone & Chita Rivera [55] Show 17, Show 18May 9, 20061

Box set releases

On November 2, 1999, Pioneer Entertainment released The Judy Garland Show Collection; containing Shows 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, the Just Judy compilation and a paperback edition of Rainbow's End: The Judy Garland Show by Coyne Steven Sanders. [56] On April 15, 2003, Pioneer Entertainment released The Judy Garland Show Collection, Volume 2; containing Shows 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, the Legends DVD and the Songs for America DVD. [57]

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References

Informational notes

  1. The CBS special The Judy Garland Show (Feb. 25, 1962) was retitled for home media to avoid confusion with the 1963–64 weekly series. Originally videotaped in black-and-white, it was colorized and released as Judy, Frank & Dean – The Legendary Concert on VHS and Judy, Frank, and Dean – Once in a Lifetime on DVD. [11]

Inline citations

  1. Sanders p. 52
  2. Roush, Matt (June 3, 2013). "Cancelled Too Soon". TV Guide . pp. 20 and 21
  3. 1 2 Parsons, Louella (1955-09-23). "TV Spectacular Gives New Rainbow to Judy". The Daily Review.
  4. Sanders p. 16
  5. Sanders p. 19
  6. Sanders p. 20
  7. Frank p. 423
  8. Sanders p. 25-7
  9. https://letterboxd.com/film/judy-frank-dean-once-in-a-lifetime/
  10. "Awards for The Judy Garland Show (1962)". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  11. The Judy Garland Show (1962 TV Special) AKA and Technical Specs sections at IMDb
  12. 1 2 Shipman p. 433
  13. 1 2 Judy and Her Guests, Phil Silvers and Robert Goulet (1963) at IMDb
  14. Sanders p. 65
  15. Shipman p. 440-1
  16. Clarke p. 371
  17. Edwards p. 168
  18. Edwards p. 175
  19. Sanders pp. 55–61
  20. Shipman 443-4
  21. Sanders p. 78
  22. Clarke p. 373
  23. Penton, Edgar (1964-11-02). "Judy Takes to TV". Ventura County Press-Courier.
  24. Finch p. 349
  25. Edwards p. 205
  26. 1 2 Clarke p. 372
  27. Sanders p. 162
  28. Sanders p. 179
  29. Sanders p. 275
  30. Sanders p. 322-3
  31. Deans, et al. p. 218
  32. 1 2 Frank p. 531
  33. Sanders p. 202-3
  34. Edwards p. 208
  35. 1 2 Shearer, Lloyd (1963-12-15). "Judy Garland: 97 Pounds of Heart". Parade.
  36. Lewis, Richard Warren (1963-12-07). "The TV Troubles of Judy Garland". The Saturday Evening Post.
  37. Sarmento, Wiliam E. (1964-03-30). "Judy Sings her Swan Song". The Lowell Sun.
  38. Gross, Ben (1964-01-12). "Judy Garland's Fans Rally, But Odds Are Unfavorable". New York Daily News.
  39. Sanders p. 385-410
  40. "Awards for Barbra Streisand". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  41. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Volume 1". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  42. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show Volume 2". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  43. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Volume 3: The Christmas Show". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  44. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Volume 4". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  45. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Volume 5". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  46. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Just Judy". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  47. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Songs for America". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  48. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Legends". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  49. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garaldn Show, Volume 7". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  50. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show, Volume 8: Final Chapter". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  51. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show featuring Tony Bennett and Steve Lawrence". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  52. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show featuring Peggy Lee and Ethel Merman". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  53. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show featuring Ray Bolger and Vic Damone". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  54. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show featuring Me Torme and Jack Jones". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  55. "Amazon.com - The Judy Garland Show featuring Martha Raye, Peter Lawford, Vic Damone and Chita Rivera". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  56. https://www.amazon.com/Judy-Garland-Show-Collection/dp/B00000K4YX
  57. https://www.amazon.com/Judy-Garland-Show-Collection-Vol/dp/B00008L3ML

Sources