The New Revolution (roller coaster)

Last updated
The New Revolution
Previously known as Revolution (1988–2015)
La Revolución (1981–1987)
Great American Revolution (1976–1980)
SFMM- New Revolution 4.jpg
The New Revolution
Six Flags Magic Mountain
Location Six Flags Magic Mountain
Park section Baja Ridge
Coordinates 34°25′22″N118°35′47″W / 34.42278°N 118.59639°W / 34.42278; -118.59639 Coordinates: 34°25′22″N118°35′47″W / 34.42278°N 118.59639°W / 34.42278; -118.59639
Opening dateMay 8, 1976 (1976-05-08)
General statistics
Type Steel
Manufacturer Anton Schwarzkopf
Designer Werner Stengel
ModelLooping roller coaster
Track layout Terrain
Lift/launch systemChain lift hill
Height113 ft (34 m)
Drop83 ft (25 m)
Length3,457 ft (1,054 m)
Speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Inversions 1
Duration79 seconds
Max vertical angle45°
Capacity1400 riders per hour
G-force 4.9
Height restriction48 in (122 cm)
Trains2 trains with 5 cars. Riders are arranged 2 across in 2 rows for a total of 20 riders per train.
Fastpass availability icon.svg Flash Pass available
Single rider line availability icon.svg Single rider line available on most days
Attraction transfer icon.svg Must transfer from wheelchair
The New Revolution at RCDB

The New Revolution (formerly known as Revolution, Great American Revolution and La Revolución) is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. Manufactured by Anton Schwarzkopf and designed by Werner Stengel, the roller coaster opened to the public on May 8, 1976. The New Revolution is the world's first modern roller coaster to feature a vertical loop and has been recognized for that accomplishment by American Coaster Enthusiasts (ACE), who awarded the roller coaster its Coaster Landmark status. [1] However, there were earlier examples of roller coasters with a full vertical loop, such as the steel roller coaster called "Looping the Loop" in Parque Japonés in Buenos Aires, which operated from 1911 to 1930. [2]


The coaster was named after the American Revolution in celebration of the country's Bicentennial. Unlike many of the previous looping roller coasters in the 19th and early-20th centuries which attempted circular loops, Revolution's success was dependent on a clothoid-shaped vertical loop – a first in the industry.

In 2016, the coaster received a makeover for its 40th anniversary that included new trains with lap bars and an optional virtual reality experience for riders. [3] The New Revolution soft-launched to season pass holders on March 26, 2016, and opened to the general public on April 21, 2016. [4]


Great American Revolution

Revolution loop, January 2011 Revolution Six Flags Magic Mountain.jpg
Revolution loop, January 2011

In the mid-1970s, Magic Mountain enlisted ride manufacturer Anton Schwarzkopf and legendary designer Werner Stengel to design and build the first looping roller coaster in modern times. The last known existence of one was Loop the Loop at Coney Island during the early 1900s. Prior to Great American Revolution's opening, a week of testing was needed to properly calibrate the tightness of the wheels, in order to get the train to complete one full circuit. At the ride's opening, staff operating the ride were outfitted with Continental Army-style uniforms to match the time period of the American Revolution, which the country was celebrating for its Bicentennial. [5]

La Revolución, Revolution

In 1979 following the purchase of the park by Six Flags, the ride's name was changed to La Revolución in honor of the Mexican Revolution. In 1988, the ride's name was changed once more to simply Revolution. In 1992, over-the-shoulder restraints were added to the trains, alongside the existing lapbars, to prevent guests from standing up. The addition was heavily criticized, as it led to a rough ride and numerous complaints of discomfort and headbanging.

In June 2002, a Coaster Landmark plaque awarded by American Coaster Enthusiasts (ACE) was placed near the line queue in front of the ride. The award was presented in recognition of its accomplishment as the world's first modern vertical-looping roller coaster. In 2005, parts of Revolution had to be dismantled to make way for the park's new Tatsu roller coaster that was being constructed. Revolution reopened with Tatsu on the new coaster's media day on May 11, 2006.

The New Revolution

Revolution was refurbished for the 2016 season in celebration of the roller coaster's 40th anniversary. [6] The ride received new red and white trains, with each train's lead car featuring a silver eagle ornament mounted on the front, and the track was painted white and blue. The new trains were also fitted with lap and calf bar restraints, replacing the unpopular over-the-shoulder design, which Six Flags claimed would provide additional airtime and a more comfortable ride experience. [7] [8] The ride reopened as The New Revolution.

New seats on the New Revolution SFMM- New Revolution 5.jpg
New seats on the New Revolution

The New Revolution was among several rides at various parks that received an on-ride virtual reality (VR) feature. [9] Riders were given the option to wear Samsung Gear VR headsets, powered by Oculus, to experience a 3D virtual world themed to a fighter jet, where riders flew through a futuristic city as co-pilots battling alien invaders. The feature debuted with the coaster when it emerged from refurbishment and reopened to season pass holders on March 26, 2016. [10] [11] [12] It reopened to the general public on April 21, 2016. [4]

On February 8, 2017, Six Flags announced that The New Revolution would offer a new VR experience known as The New Revolution Galactic Attack. It was billed as the world's first mixed Virtual Reality Experience powered by Oculus VR. The experience was centered around an alien invasion in space. As riders crest the lift hill, the setting changed into an intergalactic battle seen from the cockpit of a fighter spaceship. It became available to the public on February 25. [13]

Beginning on November 18, 2017, Six Flags debuted a new VR experience to match the "Holiday in the Park" theme. Dubbed "Santa's Wild Sleigh Ride," it placed riders in Santa's sleigh as he delivered presents to a snowy town. [14]

The VR option was extremely popular, causing 2-3 hour lines. The headsets would overheat and make the lines even longer. Therefore, the headsets were moved to Lex Luthor: Drop of Doom in 2018. [15] With the VR feature removed, the ride now operates in "Classic Revolution" mode.

In November 2018, The New Revolution was renamed Red Sox Revolution temporarily after the park lost a World Series bet to Six Flags New England. [16]


Vertical Loop at night SFMM- New Revolution 6.jpg
Vertical Loop at night

On May 31, 1996, a park employee was hit and killed instantly while attempting to cross the tracks in the boarding station as a train was returning. The investigation determined she slipped and fell into a 4-foot (1.2 m) pit below, crossing from the side where passengers exit over to the opposite side. [17]

On June 12, 2015, a 10-year-old girl riding the roller coaster was found breathing but unconscious after returning to the station. She was rushed to a nearby hospital and died the following day. According to the local coroner's office, she died of natural causes unrelated to the ride. An autopsy wasn't performed to determine the exact cause, at the request of the girl's family. [18] [19]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vertical loop</span> Roller coaster inversion

The generic roller coaster vertical loop, where a section of track causes the riders to complete a 360 degree turn, is the most basic of roller coaster inversions. At the top of the loop, riders are completely inverted.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roller coaster inversion</span> Roller coaster element

A roller coaster inversion is a roller coaster element in which the track turns riders upside-down and then returns them to an upright position. Early forms of inversions were circular in nature and date back to 1848 on the Centrifugal railway in Paris. These vertical loops produced massive g-force that was often dangerous to riders. As a result, the element eventually became non-existent with the last rides to feature the looping inversions being dismantled during the Great Depression. In 1975, designers from Arrow Development created the corkscrew, reviving interest in the inversion during the modern age of steel roller coasters. Elements have since evolved from simple corkscrews and vertical loops to more complex inversions such as Immelmann loops and cobra rolls. The Smiler at Alton Towers holds the world record for the number of inversions on a roller coaster with 14.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Magic Mountain</span> Theme park in Valencia, California

Six Flags Magic Mountain, formerly known and colloquially referred to as simply Magic Mountain, is a 262-acre (106 ha) amusement park located in Valencia, California, 35 miles (56 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. It opened on May 29, 1971, as a development of the Newhall Land and Farming Company and Sea World Inc. In 1979, Six Flags purchased the park and added the name "Six Flags" to the park's name.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Werner Stengel</span> Roller coaster designer and engineer

Werner Stengel is a German roller coaster designer and engineer. Stengel is the founder of Stengel Engineering, also known as Ingenieurbüro Stengel GmbH.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Riddler's Revenge</span> Stand-up roller coaster

The Riddler's Revenge is a stand-up roller coaster located at Six Flags Magic Mountain. Manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard, the ride opened as the park's eleventh roller coaster on April 4, 1998, setting multiple world records among stand-up coasters. Originally located in the Movie District section of the park, which later became Metropolis in 2017, The Riddler's Revenge was also the park's single biggest investment at a cost of $14 million. It features a height of 156 feet (48 m), a maximum speed of 65 mph (105 km/h), six inversions, and a track length of 4,370 feet (1,330 m).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Superman: Krypton Coaster</span> Roller coaster in Texas, U.S.

Superman: Krypton Coaster is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Fiesta Texas amusement park in San Antonio. Manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard, the Floorless Coaster model opened to the public in 2000 as one of the first of its kind in the world. The well-received ride held the title for the world's tallest vertical loop from its opening until 2013. Superman: Krypton Coaster stands 168 feet (51 m) tall and reaches a maximum speed of 70 mph (110 km/h).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demon (roller coaster)</span> Ride at Six Flags Great America

Demon is a multi-looping roller coaster at Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois and California's Great America in Santa Clara, California. Both coasters opened in 1976 as Turn of the Century, when each Great America park was owned by Marriott Corporation. Following the 1979 season, they were slightly modified and renamed Demon, which introduced a new theme.

Kraken (roller coaster) Steel roller coaster at SeaWorld Orlando

Kraken is a steel roller coaster located at SeaWorld Orlando in the United States. Manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard, the ride opened as the second longest floorless coaster in the world on June 1, 2000, with a track length measuring 4,177 feet (1,273 m). It features a total of seven inversions and reaches a maximum speed of 65 mph (105 km/h). The coaster was named after a fictional sea monster of the same name. In late 2016, Kraken underwent a refurbishment and reopened as Kraken Unleashed in June 2017. A virtual reality experience was added to the ride, but due to technical difficulties and extensive wait times, the feature was permanently removed the following year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Galactica (roller coaster)</span> Steel flying roller coaster

Galactica is a flying roller coaster located in the Forbidden Valley area of Alton Towers amusement park in Staffordshire, England and is the first flying coaster manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard. Guests ride in a prone position and experience the feeling of flight by "flying" close to the ground, under footpaths, and narrowly past trees and rocks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Viper (Six Flags Magic Mountain)</span> Steel roller coaster

Viper is a steel roller coaster located in the Baja Ridge area of Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. Viper is the last operating roller coaster with seven inversions to be built by American manufacturer Arrow Dynamics. The other two, Shockwave at Six Flags Great America and the Great American Scream Machine at Six Flags Great Adventure, were demolished in 2002 and 2010, respectively. The roller coaster replaced a HUSS ride type named Condor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Steamin' Demon</span> Steel roller coaster at Great Escape

Steamin' Demon is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Great Escape and Hurricane Harbor in Queensbury, New York.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ninja (Six Flags St. Louis)</span> Roller coaster

Ninja is an Arrow Dynamics/Vekoma steel roller coaster located in the Studio Backlot section of Six Flags St. Louis in Eureka, Missouri. It was originally built for and located at Expo 86 in Vancouver, British Columbia, operating as Scream Machine from May to October 1986. It began operating as Ninja at Six Flags St. Louis in 1989. The coaster was started by American manufacturer Arrow Dynamics, but when Arrow fell into bankruptcy during construction, it was sold to Dutch manufacturer Vekoma, who finished it.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shock Wave (Six Flags Over Texas)</span> Steel roller coaster

Shock Wave is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas. Built right at the edge of the park, Shock Wave is easily seen by passers-by on Interstate Highway 30. Its unique four-sided tube truss track system is similar to The Riddler Mindbender roller coaster at Six Flags Over Georgia which was constructed at the same time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">SooperDooperLooper</span> Looping roller coaster at Hersheypark

SooperDooperLooper is a steel roller coaster at Hersheypark in Hershey, Pennsylvania. Designed and manufactured by Anton Schwarzkopf, the roller coaster opened to the public on May 8, 1977. SooperDooperLooper is located in The Hollow section of the park and cost more than $3 million to construct and build. The roller coaster reaches a maximum height of 70 feet, with a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour (72 km/h), and a total track length of 2,614 feet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kong (roller coaster)</span> Inverted roller coaster

Kong is an inverted roller coaster located at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom amusement park in Vallejo, California. The Suspended Looping Coaster (SLC) model was manufactured by Vekoma and first opened to the public as Hangman at Opryland USA on May 1, 1995. Following Opryland's closure in 1997, the roller coaster was sold to Premier Parks and moved to Six Flags Discovery Kingdom, where it reopened as Kong in May 1998.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Superman The Ride</span> Steel roller coaster

Superman The Ride is a steel roller coaster at Six Flags New England in Agawam, Massachusetts. Built by Swiss manufacturer Intamin, the hypercoaster opened to the public as Superman – Ride of Steel in 2000. It features a 208-foot (63 m) lift hill, a 221-foot (67 m) drop, and a maximum speed of 77 mph (124 km/h). In 2009, the park changed the name to Bizarro, named after a DC Comics character portrayed as the antithesis of Superman. In accordance with the theme change, the coaster's track and supports were repainted with a purple and dark blue color scheme, and other special effects were added. In 2016, the Six Flags reverted to the original theme, but instead of restoring the name, it was changed to Superman The Ride. A virtual reality feature was added the same year, which created an optional 3D experience for passengers, but was removed prior to the 2017 season.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dare Devil Dive</span> Steel roller coaster in Georgia

Dare Devil Dive is a steel roller coaster at Six Flags Over Georgia. Designed by German company Gerstlauer, Dare Devil Dive is based on the company's Euro-Fighter model, and features a 95-foot (29 m)-tall vertical lift hill, a 95° first drop, three inversions and a top speed of 52 miles per hour (84 km/h). It is also the first Euro-Fighter to debut a new lap-bar restraint system, replacing the more common over-the-shoulder harnesses.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lex Luthor: Drop of Doom</span> Drop tower ride

Lex Luthor: Drop of Doom is a drop tower located at Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. The ride is integrated onto the existing Superman: Escape from Krypton tower structure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zumanjaro: Drop of Doom</span> Drop tower amusement ride

Zumanjaro: Drop of Doom is an amusement ride located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey. The 415 ft (126 m) attraction is attached to the Kingda Ka roller coaster and opened as the tallest drop tower ride in the world in 2014.

A virtual reality roller coaster is a special kind of amusement park ride attraction, consisting of a roller coaster facility or ride that can be experienced with virtual reality headsets. The setup has been invented by Thomas Wagner, who has also produced most of the worldwide installations with his company VR Coaster GmbH & Co. KG since late 2015. Since then, several theme parks all over the world have been adapting this technology to extend their existing coaster facilities.


  1. ACE Coaster Landmark Awards
  2. "Looping the Loop, Parque Japonés, Buenos Aires". Roller Coaster Database. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  3. "Six Flags and Samsung Partner to Launch First Virtual Reality Roller Coasters in North America". Retrieved 2016-03-03.
  4. 1 2 MacDonald, Brady (March 26, 2016). "Six Flags Magic Mountain turns aging coaster into virtual reality video game". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  5. "Revolution Roller Coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain to Be Renovated After Farewell Run". September 3, 2015. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  6. "Magic Mountain to Upgrade New Revolution Ride".
  7. "The Revolution To Be Reborn As The New Revolution At Six Flags Magic Mountain". The Coaster Guy. September 3, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  8. "Six Flags Magic Mountain announces 'Revolution' makeover at Valencia park". The Signal. September 3, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  9. "The New Revolution - The Most Anticipated Virtual Reality Coaster For 2016 is Ready to Launch!" (Press release). Six Flags Entertainment Corporation. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  10. "Six Flags Magic Mountain Announces North America's First Virtual Reality Coaster". Six Flags. March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  11. Martin, Hugo (March 3, 2016). "Six Flags Magic Mountain to add virtual reality to a coaster". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  12. "Six Flags announces World's First Mixed VR Coaster Experience".
  13. "Six Flags Magic Mountain's Holiday in the Park offers Santa and steampunk for 2017". 10 November 2017.
  14. "West Coast's Tallest Drop Tower Ride to Debut DC Super Hero VR Experience".
  15. "Six Flags Magic Mountain will rename roller coaster to honor Red Sox after losing World Series bet". 29 October 2018.
  16. Chu, Henry; Nicholas Riccardi (May 31, 1996). "Roller Coaster Worker Dies at Magic Mountain". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  17. Rocha, Veronica (June 15, 2015). "10-year-old girl dies after riding Revolution roller coaster at Magic Mountain". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  18. Soley-Cerro, Ashley (June 16, 2015). "Girl, 10, Died of Natural Causes After Riding Magic Mountain Roller Coaster: Coroner's Office". KTLA 5. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
Preceded by World's Tallest Roller Coaster
Succeeded by
Preceded by World's Tallest Complete Circuit Roller Coaster
Succeeded by