The Official Finnish Charts

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The Official Finnish Charts (Finnish : Suomen virallinen lista, Swedish : Finlands officiella lista) are national record charts in Finland composed by Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. [1] The name Suomen virallinen lista/Finlands officiella lista (lit. "the Official Finnish Chart"), which is singular in both Finnish and Swedish, is used generically to refer to both the albums and the singles chart, and the context (albums or songs) reveals which chart is meant.

Finnish language language arising and mostly spoken in Finland, of the Finnic family

Finnish is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. Finnish is one of the two official languages of Finland ; Finnish is also an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both Standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language, a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway by a minority group of Finnish descent.

Swedish language North Germanic language spoken in Sweden

Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden, and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to some extent with Danish, although the degree of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Both Norwegian and Danish are generally easier for Swedish speakers to read than to listen to because of difference in accent and tone when speaking. Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It has the most speakers of the North Germanic languages.

A record chart, also called a music chart, is a ranking of recorded music according to certain criteria during a given period of time. Although in the UK, the official chart has only included physical sales and paid-for streaming, many different criteria are used in worldwide charts, including record sales, the amount of radio airplay, and since the popularity of online consumption of music, the number of downloads and the amount of streaming activity.

Contents

History

The first charts were published in 1951. In January 1991, the Yle radio station Radiomafia started to compile the first weekly chart in Finland called Radiomafian lista, which was broadcast on the radio every Sunday. Prior to that, all singles and album charts in Finland had been either monthly or biweekly published sales charts. [2] Radiomafian lista became the official Finnish charts in January 1994 when they began a partnership with Suomen Ääni- ja kuvatallennetuottajat (ÄKT) (now known as Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland), the umbrella organization of recording producers active in Finland. Simultaneously, they began to publish the first weekly published singles chart based on sales in Finland, as well as a chart for studio and compilation albums. [3] This move effectively killed the competition from the other chart compilers and by 1995, the Official Finnish Charts were the only sales charts published in Finland.

Yle Finlands national public-broadcasting company

Yleisradio Oy (Finnish), literally General Radio or General Broadcast; Swedish: Rundradion; abbr. Yle, is Finland's national public broadcasting company, founded in 1926. It is a public limited company which is 99.98% owned by the Finnish state, and employs around 3,200 people in Finland. Yle shares many of its organizational characteristics with its UK counterpart, the BBC, on which it was largely modelled.

Radiomafia was a Finnish radio station owned by Yle and mainly directed to teenagers and young adults. It was established on June 1, 1990 and decommissioned on January 12, 2003. It was followed by YleX, with some of the programmes moved to other channels, such as YleQ, Yle Radio Suomi and Yle Radio 1.

Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland ry, or Musiikkituottajat for short, is the umbrella organization of recording producers active in Finland, with 23 record labels as its members.

Charts

Presently the following weekly charts are composed and published by Musiikkituottajat, according to sales and streaming: [4] [5]

Streaming media Continuous multimedia operated and presented to users by a provider

Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider. The verb "to stream" refers to the process of delivering or obtaining media in this manner; the term refers to the delivery method of the medium, rather than the medium itself, and is an alternative to file downloading, a process in which the end-user obtains the entire file for the content before watching or listening to it.

In addition, Musiikkituottajat owns and publishes a digital chart which tracks digital sales of songs and is compiled by the Official Charts Company. [6] In November 2013, Musiikkituottajat began to publish the Official Finnish Airplay Chart: [7]

The Official Charts Company, also referred to as Official Charts is a British inter-professional organisation that compiles various "official" record charts in the United Kingdom, including the UK Singles Chart, the UK Albums Chart, the UK Singles Downloads Chart and the UK Album Downloads Chart, as well as genre-specific and music video charts. The OCC produces its charts by gathering and combining sales data from retailers through market researchers Millward Brown, and claims to cover 99% of the singles market and 95% of the album market, and aims to collect data from any retailer who sells more than 100 chart items per week.

Lists of number-ones

See also

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References

  1. "ÄKT:n nimi muuttuu – Äänitemyynti kääntyi nousuun" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland . Retrieved 2013-08-26.
  2. Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. p. 8. ISBN   978-951-1-21053-5.
  3. Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4: Suuri suomalainen listakirja (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. p. 18. ISBN   951-31-2503-3.
  4. "Suomen Virallinen Singlelista uudistuu - musiikin tilauspalvelut mukaan" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Tilastot – Suomen virallinen lista" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2011-06-10. Note: Click to open the PDF file "Suomen Virallisen Listan säännöt" on the right side of the page.
  6. "In English" . Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  7. "Suomen Virallinen Lista laajenee" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat IFPI Finland. 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2014-05-05.